Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk
|Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk
ديوان لغات الترك
|National Library of Turkey|
Map from Mahmud al-Kashgari's Dīwān (11th century)
|Place of origin||Baghdad|
|Scribe(s)||Muhammed al-Dameshqi|
|Material||first comprehensive dictionary of Turkic languages|
The Turkic scholar Mahmud Kashgari studied the Turkic languages of his time and wrote the first comprehensive dictionary of Turkic languages, Arabic: ديوان لغات الترك Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk, i.e., "Compendium of the languages of the Turks") in 1072-74. It was intended for use by the Caliphs of Baghdad, who were controlled by the Seljuk Turks. Mahmud al-Kashgari's comprehensive dictionary, later edited by the Turkish historian, Ali Amiri, contains specimens of old Turkic poetry in the typical form of quatrains of (Perso-Arabic literature, Azerbaijani: dördəm, رباعیات rubāiyāt; Turkish: dörtlük), representing all the principal genres: epic, pastoral, didactic, lyric, and elegiac. His book also included the first known map of the areas inhabited by Turkic peoples. This map is housed at the National Library in Istanbul.
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