Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk

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Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk
ديوان لغات الترك
National Library of Turkey[1]
Kashgari map.jpg
Map from Mahmud al-Kashgari's Dīwān (11th century)
Type Dictionary
Date 1072-74[2]
Place of origin Baghdad
Language(s) Turkish, Arabic
Scribe(s) Muhammed al-Dameshqi[citation needed]
Author(s) Mahmud al-Kashgari
Material first comprehensive dictionary of Turkic languages
Discovered Ali Amiri[3]

The Turkic scholar Mahmud Kashgari studied the Turkic languages of his time and wrote the first comprehensive dictionary of Turkic languages, Arabic: ديوان لغات التركDīwān Lughāt al-Turk, i.e., "Compendium of the languages of the Turks") in 1072-74.[2][4] It was intended for use by the Caliphs of Baghdad, who were controlled by the Seljuk Turks. Mahmud al-Kashgari's comprehensive dictionary, later edited by the Turkish historian, Ali Amiri,[3] contains specimens of old Turkic poetry in the typical form of quatrains of (Perso-Arabic literature, Azerbaijani: dördəm, رباعیات rubāiyāt; Turkish: dörtlük), representing all the principal genres: epic, pastoral, didactic, lyric, and elegiac. His book also included the first known map of the areas inhabited by Turkic peoples. This map is housed at the National Library in Istanbul.[1]


  1. ^ a b Roudik, Peter, The History of the Central Asian Republics, (Greenwood Press, 2007), 175.
  2. ^ a b Kemal H. Karpat, Studies on Turkish Politics and Society:Selected Articles and Essays, (Brill, 2004), 441.
  3. ^ a b Ali Amiri, R. Mantran, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R. Gibb, J.H. Kramers, E. Levi-Provencal and J. Schacht, (E.J. Brill, 1986), 391.
  4. ^ Heming Yong; Jing Peng (14 August 2008). Chinese Lexicography : A History from 1046 BC to AD 1911: A History from 1046 BC to AD 1911. OUP Oxford. pp. 379–80. ISBN 978-0-19-156167-2. 

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