|Specimen from Thailand|
(M.A. Smith, 1917)
Daboia siamensis is a venomous viper species that is endemic to parts of Southeast Asia, southern China and Taiwan. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of Daboia russelii (as Daboia russelli siamensis), but was elevated to species status in 2007.
Dorsally, the color pattern is the same as that of D. russelii, except that the color is more grayish or olive, with small spots between the large spot rows. The venter is suffused with gray posteriorly.
Eastern Russell's viper, Siamese Russell's viper.
Previously, other common names were used to describe subspecies that are now part of the synonymy of this form: Indonesian Russell's viper for "limitis", and Formosan Russell's viper for "formosensis".
Brown (1973) mentions that D. siamensis can also found in Vietnam, Laos and on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Ditmars (1937) reportedly received a specimen from Sumatra as well. However, its distribution in the Indonesian archipelago is still being elucidated.
Daboia siamensis in its habitat, from Thailand
- List of viperine species and subspecies
- Viperinae by common name
- Viperinae by taxonomic synonyms
- Wogan, G. (2012). "Daboia siamensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- Daboia siamensis at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 16 February 2015.
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. ISBN 1-893777-00-6.
- Daboia russelii siamensis at Munich AntiVenom INdex (MAVIN). Accessed 23 October 2006.
- Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
- Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
- Brown JH. 1973. Toxicology and Pharmacology of Venoms from Poisonous Snakes. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas. 184 pp. LCCCN 73-229. ISBN 0-398-02808-7.
- Ditmars RL. 1933. Reptiles of the World. Revised Edition. New York: The MacMillan Company. 329 pp. + 89 plates.
- Belt P, Warrell DA, Malhotra A, Wüster W, Thorpe RS. 1997. Russell's viper in Indonesia: snakebite and systematics. In: R.S. Thorpe, W. Wüster & A. Malhotra (Editors), Venomous Snakes: Ecology, Evolution and Snakebite. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, No. 70: 219-234.
- Smith MA. 1917. Descriptions of New Reptiles and a New Batrachian from Siam. Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2 (3): 221-225. ("Vipera russelli siamensis, subsp. nov.", pp. 223–224 + photograph).
- Smith MA. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Batrachia, Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. ("Vipera russelli siamensis", p. 484).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daboia russelii.|
- Daboia russelii at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 2 August 2007.
- Russell's Viper (on the island of Komodo) at Globaljuggler. Accessed 20 October 2006.
- Daboia siamensis - Siamese Russells Viper in Thailand Information