Dajnko alphabet

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A poem by Dajnko in the Dajnko alphabet

The Dajnko alphabet (Slovene: dajnčica) was a Slovene alphabet invented by Peter Dajnko. It was used in from 1824 to 1839 mostly in Styria (in what is now eastern Slovenia).


Dajnko introduced his alphabet in 1824 in his book Lehrbuch der windischen Sprache ("The Textbook of the Slovene Language").[1] He decided to replace the older Bohorič alphabet with his own new writing system because of the problems with the writing of sibilants.[2] In 1825, Franc Serafin Metelko came up with a similar proposal, complicating the issue. The Dajnko alphabet, which was introduced to schools in 1831, was fiercely opposed by Anton Murko and Anton Martin Slomšek.[3] After 1834 it gradually came out of use with the adoption of a slightly modified version of Gaj's Latin alphabet as the new Slovene script and was in 1839 officially abolished.[4]


He represented the phonemes /ts/, /s/, /z/ with the letters C, S, Z (as in the modern Slovene alphabet) and the phonemes /tʃ/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/ with special characters (see table below). In addition, he invented two extra symbols, which were omitted after 1829 (see table below):

Upper case Lower case IPA Modern Slovene
C c /ts/ c
Dajnko Č.gif Dajnko č.gif /tʃ/ č
S s /s/ s
Dajnko Š.gif Dajnko š.gif or Dajnko š var.gif /ʃ/ š
Z z /z/ z
X x /ʒ/ ž
Dajnko NJ.gif Dajnko nj.gif /nj/ or /ɲ/ nj
Y y /y/ ü (in eastern dialects only)

Dajnko's alphabetical order was as follows:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Dajnko NJ.gif O P R S Dajnko Š.gif Z X T U Y V Dajnko Č.gif


  1. ^ "Dajnkova slovnica" [The Grammar of Dajnko]. Kamra (in Slovenian). 8 October 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Prilasnig, Fabian (2011). "Dajnčica". Die Entwicklung des slawischen Schrifttums [The Development of the Slavic Literatures] (in German). GRIN Verlag. p. 17. ISBN 9783656051015. 
  3. ^ Mugerli, Anja. "Dajnčica". In Ahačič, Kozma. Slovenski črkopisi [Slovene Alphabets] (PDF) (in Slovenian). pp. 26–28. 
  4. ^ Prilasnig, Fabian (2011). "Dajnčica". Die Entwicklung des slawischen Schrifttums (in German). GRIN Verlag. p. 17. ISBN 9783656051015.