Dakota Meyer

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Dakota L. Meyer
Dakota L. Meyer.JPG
Sgt. Dakota L. Meyer. November 2011
Born (1988-06-26) June 26, 1988 (age 25)
Columbia, Kentucky, United States
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 2006 – 2010
Rank Sergeant[1]
Unit Embedded Training Team 2-8
3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines
Battles/wars Iraq War
War in Afghanistan
 • Battle of Ganjgal
Awards Medal of Honor
Purple Heart
Navy Commendation Medal with Combat Distinguishing Device
Navy Achievement Medal
Combat Action Ribbon

Dakota L. Meyer (born June 26, 1988) is a veteran of the United States Marine Corps and the War in Afghanistan. He is best known for being awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Ganjgal on September 8, 2009, in Kunar Province, Afghanistan. Meyer is the youngest living Medal of Honor recipient, the third living recipient for either Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan[2] and the first living Marine in 38 years to be so honored.[3]

Biography[edit]

Meyer was born on June 26, 1988 and grew up in Columbia, Kentucky.[4] In 2006, after graduation from Green County High School, he enlisted in the Marine Corps at a recruiting station in Louisville, Kentucky and completed basic training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island.[4]

Military service[edit]

Meyer deployed to Fallujah, Iraq, in 2007 as a scout sniper with 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines. He gained national attention for his actions in Afghanistan during his second deployment in Kunar Province with Embedded Training Team 2-8.[5][6]

On September 8, 2009, near the village of Ganjgal, Meyer learned that three Marines and a Navy corpsman were missing after being ambushed by a group of insurgents. Under enemy fire, Meyer entered an area known to be inhabited by insurgents and eventually found the four missing servicemen dead and stripped of their weapons, body armor and radios.[7] With the help of Afghan soldiers, he moved the bodies to a safer area where they could be extracted.[8] During his search, Meyer "personally evacuated 12 friendly wounded and provided cover for another 24 Marines and soldiers to escape likely death at the hands of a numerically superior and determined foe."

President Barack Obama and the audience applaud after Dakota Meyer was awarded the Medal of Honor during a ceremony in the White House on September 15, 2011

On November 6, 2010, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, General James Amos, told reporters during a visit to Camp Pendleton, California that a living Marine had been nominated for the Medal of Honor. Two days later, Marine Corps Times, an independent newspaper covering Marine Corps operations, reported that the unnamed individual was Meyer, citing anonymous sources. CNN confirmed the story independently two days later.[9][10]

On June 9, 2011, the Marine Corps announced that two other Marines on Meyer's team in Ganjgal would receive the Navy Cross, the second-highest award for valor a Marine can receive. Capt. Ademola D. Fabayo and Staff Sgt. Juan J. Rodriguez-Chavez were recognized for their roles in retrieving the bodies of the fallen Marines and corpsman. Before Meyer began searching for the missing servicemen on foot, Rodriguez-Chavez drove a gun truck into the kill zone with Fabayo manning the truck's machine gun.[11]

When President Barack Obama's staff called Meyer to set up a time for the president to inform him that his case for the Medal of Honor had been approved, Meyer was working at his construction job and asked them to call again during his lunch break, which they did.[12]

Meyer was awarded the Medal of Honor in a ceremony on September 15, 2011.[1][13] When a White House staffer contacted Meyer to arrange the ceremony, Meyer asked if he could have a beer with the president.[14] He received an invitation to the White House for the afternoon before the ceremony. Meyer also requested that when he was honored, simultaneous commemorative services should be held at other associated locations to honor the memory of his colleagues who died or were mortally wounded during the ambush and his rescue attempts.[15]

Four Americans died in the ambush: 1st Lt. Michael Johnson, 25, of Virginia Beach, VA; Staff Sgt. Aaron Kenefick, 30, of Roswell, GA; Gunnery Sgt. Edwin Wayne Johnson Jr., 31, of Columbus, GA; and Hospital Corpsman Third Class James R. Layton, 22, of Riverbank, CA. A fifth man, Army Sgt. 1st Class Kenneth W. Westbrook, 41, of Shiprock, NM, later died from his wounds.[16]

Civilian[edit]

A year after the Battle of Ganjgal, after drinking at a friend's house, Meyer attempted to commit suicide using a Glock pistol kept in his truck's glove compartment. The gun was unloaded. Meyer later sought help for post-traumatic stress disorder.[17]

In September 2011, Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear bestowed upon Meyer the title of Kentucky Colonel during an event in his hometown of Greensburg in which Meyer served as grand marshal.[18][19]

Meyer filed a lawsuit against his former employer, defense contractor BAE Systems, alleging the company and his supervisor punished him for his opposition to a weapons sale to Pakistan.[20] The lawsuit claimed that BAE Systems ridiculed Meyer's Medal of Honor, called him mentally unstable and suggested he had a drinking problem, thereby costing him a job.[21] On December 15, 2011 BAE announced that the parties resolved their dispute out of court.[22]

On December 14, 2011, McClatchy news outlets published an article which questioned the actual number of lives Meyer saved. The article stated that "crucial parts that the Marine Corps publicized were untrue, unsubstantiated or exaggerated," but that Meyer "by all accounts deserved his nomination."[23][24][25][26]

Meyer wrote a book about the Battle of Ganjgal, co-written with Bing West, titled Into the Fire: A Firsthand Account of the Most Extraordinary Battle in the Afghan War and published on September 25, 2012.[27] In the book, Meyer makes a case for Army Captain William D. Swenson to be awarded the Medal of Honor;[17] Swenson had criticized Army officers at the nearby Forward Operating Base Joyce for not providing fire support, the resulting political fallout not conducive to awarding him the medal. Those same officers were later cited following a military investigation for "negligent" leadership leading "directly to the loss of life" on the battlefield.[28] Swenson was awarded the Medal of Honor on October 15, 2013.[29]

Honors and awards[edit]

Military awards[edit]

V
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Medal of Honor
Purple Heart Medal
Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal w/ V device
Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal
Combat Action Ribbon
Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation
Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal
National Defense Service Medal
Afghanistan Campaign Medal w/2 campaign stars
Iraq Campaign Medal w/ campaign star
Global War On Terrorism Service Medal
Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon
NATO Service Medal (ISAF)
Expert marksmanship badge for rifle (3rd award)
Expert marksmanship badge for pistol (2nd award)
1 service stripe

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

"The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR to

CORPORAL DAKOTA L. MEYER
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS

For service as set forth in the following

A light blue neck ribbon with a gold star shaped medallion hanging from it. The ribbon is similar in shape to a bowtie with 13 white stars in the center of the ribbon.

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Marine Embedded Training Team 2-8, Regional Corps Advisory Command 3-7, in Kunar Province, Afghanistan, on 8 September 2009. Corporal Meyer maintained security at a patrol rally point while other members of his team moved on foot with two platoons of Afghan National Army and Border Police into the village of Ganjgal for a pre-dawn meeting with village elders. Moving into the village, the patrol was ambushed by more than 50 enemy fighters firing rocket propelled grenades, mortars, and machine guns from houses and fortified positions on the slopes above. Hearing over the radio that four U.S. team members were cut off, Corporal Meyer seized the initiative. With a fellow Marine driving, Corporal Meyer took the exposed gunner's position in a gun-truck as they drove down the steeply terraced terrain in a daring attempt to disrupt the enemy attack and locate the trapped U.S. team. Disregarding intense enemy fire now concentrated on their lone vehicle, Corporal Meyer killed a number of enemy fighters with the mounted machine guns and his rifle, some at near point blank range, as he and his driver made three solo trips into the ambush area. During the first two trips, he and his driver evacuated two dozen Afghan soldiers, many of whom were wounded. When one machine gun became inoperable, he directed a return to the rally point to switch to another gun-truck for a third trip into the ambush area where his accurate fire directly supported the remaining U.S. personnel and Afghan soldiers fighting their way out of the ambush. Despite a shrapnel wound to his arm, Corporal Meyer made two more trips into the ambush area in a third gun-truck accompanied by four other Afghan vehicles to recover more wounded Afghan soldiers and search for the missing U.S. team members. Still under heavy enemy fire, he dismounted the vehicle on the fifth trip and moved on foot to locate and recover the bodies of his team members. Corporal Meyer's daring initiative and bold fighting spirit throughout the 6-hour battle significantly disrupted the enemy's attack and inspired the members of the combined force to fight on. His unwavering courage and steadfast devotion to his U.S. and Afghan comrades in the face of almost certain death reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the United States Naval Service.

[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Marine to receive Medal of Honor next month". CNN. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2011. 
  2. ^ Brad Knickebocker (15 September 2011). "Dakota Meyer, a Marine who disregarded orders, is awarded Medal of Honor". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 3 June 2013. "Meyer is the third living recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan." 
    Jennifer Epstein (14 September 2011). "Dakota Meyer, Medal of Honor recipient, meets with President Obama". Politico. Retrieved 3 June 2013. "Meyer is the third living recipient and first Marine to receive the medal for actions in Iraq and Afghanistan." 
  3. ^ CNN Wire Staff (16 September 2011). "http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/09/15/marine.medal.of.honor/index.html". CNN. Retrieved 3 June 2013. ""I know that you've grappled with the grief of that day, that you have said that your efforts were somehow a failure because your teammates didn't come home," Obama told Dakota Meyer, who became the first living Marine to be recognized with the nation's highest military honor for actions in Afghanistan or Iraq." 
  4. ^ a b "Sgt. Dakota L. Meyer, USMC: Profile". United States Marine Corps. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ Lamothe, Dan (November 23, 2010). "MoH nominee says he does not feel like a hero". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ Estep, Bill, "Adair Native To Receive Medal Of Honor For 'Worst Day' Of His Life", Lexington Herald-Leader, September 13, 2011, p. 1.
  7. ^ Lamothe, Dan (November 8, 2010). "Heroism in ambush may yield top valor awards". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved November 15, 2010. 
  8. ^ Cole, William, "Reluctant Hero And The Weight Of A Medal", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, July 28, 2011.
  9. ^ Lamothe, Dan (November 10, 2010). "Ambush survivor up for Medal of Honor". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved November 15, 2010. 
  10. ^ Lamothe, Dan (November 15, 2010). "Behind the Cover: An exclusive interview with Dakota Meyer, Medal of Honor nominee". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved November 15, 2010. 
  11. ^ Lamothe, Dan (June 9, 2011). "Marines earn Navy Cross for Ganjgal heroism". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  12. ^ Memoli, Michael A. (September 15, 2011). "Obama awards Medal of Honor to Kentucky Marine". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Obama to Present Marine With Medal of Honor in September, White House Announces". Fox News. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ Dylan Lovan (September 14, 2011). "Ex-Marine honored for saving 36 in Afghanistan". Associated Press. 
  16. ^ "Defying Orders, Hero Marine Saved Other Troops". National Public Radio. September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Dan Lamothe (8 August 2012). "Dakota Meyer attempted suicide, book reveals". Military Times. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  18. ^ James V. Carroll (1 December 2011). "Dakota Meyer, the newest Medal of Honor recipient, joins a select company of Americans.". The American Legion Magazine. The American Legion. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  19. ^ Greg Kocher (16 December 2011). "Crow turns out for Medal of Honor recipient Dakota Meyer". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  20. ^ Charley Keyes (November 29, 2011). "Medal of Honor hero sues contractor". CNN. 
  21. ^ "Medal of Honor recipient sues defense contractor". AP Press. 
  22. ^ Dakota Meyer drops case against BAE
  23. ^ Marines promoted inflated story for Medal of Honor recipient (McClatchy Newspapers, December 14, 2011)
  24. ^ Marines promoted inflated story for Medal of Honor recipient (Washington Post, December 14, 2011)
  25. ^ Report: Marine Corps inflated Medal of Honor recipient's story (Military Times, December 14, 2011)
  26. ^ Medal of Honor recipient's story questioned (CBS News, December 15, 2011)
  27. ^ [2]
  28. ^ [3]
  29. ^ "Former Army Captain To Receive Medal Of Honor". Huffington Post. September 16, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Citation". Medal of Honor Sgt Dakota Meyer. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 

External links[edit]