Daniel Geschwind

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Daniel H. Geschwind
Alma mater Dartmouth College, Yale School of Medicine
Awards Derek Denny-Brown Neurological Scholar Award from the American Neurological Association (2004), member of the Institute of Medicine[1]
Scientific career
Fields Human genetics, neurogenetics
Institutions University of California, Los Angeles
Doctoral advisor Susan Hockfield

Daniel H. Geschwind is a professor of neurology and psychiatry at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He also directs the Neurogenetics Program and the Center for Autism Research and Treatment at UCLA,[2] and holds the Gordon and Virginia MacDonald Distinguished Chair of Human Genetics there.[3] As of March 1, 2016, he is the Senior Associate Dean and Associate Vice Chancellor for Precision Medicine at UCLA.[4] He is a cousin of Norman Geschwind.[5]

Education and career[edit]

Geschwind received his A.B. degrees in psychology and chemistry at Dartmouth College, and his MD/PhD at Yale School of Medicine under the supervision of Susan Hockfield.[3] He then completed an internship at UCLA.[2] Geschwind has been a member of the UCLA faculty since 1997.[3]

Research[edit]

Geschwind's laboratory conducts research into three areas: autism and language, human cognitive specializations, and neurodegenerative syndromes.[3] He has published research examining the numerous genes involved in language, such as FOXP2, and how they differ between humans and chimpanzees.[6][7] In 2011, Geschwind was senior author on a study which found that there are chemical differences between the brains of people with autism and the brains of people without it.[8] Specifically, Geschwind et al. found that there were common patterns in the gene expression in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brains of the autistic people they studied.[9] He is also known for his research into the factors affecting handedness in humans, and the differences in brain structure between left-handed and right-handed people.[10][11]

Awards and Prizes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daniel Geschwind". NAM Member Profiles. 
  2. ^ a b c "Daniel H. Geschwind". UCLA Website. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Daniel Geschwind". Allen Institute for Brain Science. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Daniel H. Geschwind". UCLA Newsroom. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  5. ^ Wolman, David (2006). A Left Hand Turn Around the World. Da Capo Press. p. 195. 
  6. ^ Konopka, Genevieve; Bomar, Jamee M.; Winden, Kellen; Coppola, Giovanni; Jonsson, Zophonias O.; Gao, Fuying; Peng, Sophia; Preuss, Todd M.; Wohlschlegel, James A.; Geschwind, Daniel H. (12 November 2009). "Human-specific transcriptional regulation of CNS development genes by FOXP2". Nature. 462 (7270): 213–217. doi:10.1038/nature08549. PMC 2778075Freely accessible. PMID 19907493. 
  7. ^ Keim, Brandon (11 November 2009). "Human-Chimp Gene Comparison Hints at Roots of Language". Wired. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  8. ^ Voineagu, Irina; Wang, Xinchen; Johnston, Patrick; Lowe, Jennifer K.; Tian, Yuan; Horvath, Steve; Mill, Jonathan; Cantor, Rita M.; Blencowe, Benjamin J.; Geschwind, Daniel H. (25 May 2011). "Transcriptomic analysis of autistic brain reveals convergent molecular pathology". Nature. 474 (7351): 380–384. doi:10.1038/nature10110. PMC 3607626Freely accessible. PMID 21614001. 
  9. ^ "Autistic brains' 'genes differ'". BBC News. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  10. ^ Hotz, Robert Lee (5 March 2002). "Left-Handers Are Found to Have Different Brains". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  11. ^ Klass, Perri (6 March 2011). "On the Left Hand, There Are No Easy Answers". New York Times. Retrieved 6 December 2014.