Delta Crateris

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δ Crateris
Crater constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg

Location of δ Crateris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Crater
Right ascension 11h 19m 20.44756s[1]
Declination −14° 46′ 42.7413″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.56[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type K0 III[2]
B−V color index 1.12[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) −4.94±0.21[3] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −124.67[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +207.59[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 17.56 ± 0.19[1] mas
Distance 186 ± 2 ly
(56.9 ± 0.6 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −0.321[4]
Details
Mass 1.56[5] M
Radius 22.44±0.28[6] R
Luminosity 171.4±9.0[6] L
Surface gravity (log g) 2.59[2] cgs
Temperature 4,510±15[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.48[2] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 0.0[3] km/s
Age 2.89[5] Gyr
Other designations
δ Crt, 12 Crateris, BD−13° 3345, FK5 426, HD 98430, HIP 55282, HR 4382, SAO 156605.[7]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Delta Crateris (δ Crt, δ Crateris) is a solitary[8] star in the southern constellation of Crater. With an apparent visual magnitude of 3.56,[2] it is the brightest star[9] in this rather dim constellation. It has an annual parallax shift of 17.56[1] mas as measured from Earth, indicating Delta Crateris lies at a distance of about 186 light years from the Sun.

This is an evolved orange-hued giant star belonging to the spectral class K0 III. Delta Crateris is a member of the so-called red clump, indicating that it is generating energy through the thermonuclear fusion of helium at its core.[4] The star has an estimated 1.56[5] times the mass of the Sun but has expanded to 22.44±0.28[6] times the Sun's radius.

The metallicity of the star – what astronomers term the abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium – is only 33% that of the Sun.[2] It is around 2.89[5] billion years old with a rotation rate that is too small to measure; the projected rotational velocity is 0.0 km/s.[3] Delta Crateris is radiating 171.4±9.0 as much luminosity as the Sun from its outer envelope at an effective temperature of 4,510±15 K.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Mallik, Sushma V. (December 1999), "Lithium abundance and mass", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 352: 495–507, Bibcode:1999A&A...352..495M. 
  3. ^ a b c Massarotti, Alessandro; et al. (January 2008), "Rotational and Radial Velocities for a Sample of 761 HIPPARCOS Giants and the Role of Binarity", The Astronomical Journal, 135 (1): 209–231, Bibcode:2008AJ....135..209M, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/135/1/209. 
  4. ^ a b Soubiran, C.; et al. (2008), "Vertical distribution of Galactic disk stars. IV. AMR and AVR from clump giants", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 480 (1): 91–101, Bibcode:2008A&A...480...91S, arXiv:0712.1370Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078788. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Luck, R. Earle (2015), "Abundances in the Local Region. I. G and K Giants", Astronomical Journal, 150 (3), 88, Bibcode:2015AJ....150...88L, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/88. 
  6. ^ a b c Berio, P.; et al. (November 2011), "Chromosphere of K giant stars. Geometrical extent and spatial structure detection", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 535: A59, Bibcode:2011A&A...535A..59B, arXiv:1109.5476Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117479. 
  7. ^ "del Crt -- High proper-motion Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  8. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  9. ^ Ridpath, Ian (2012), A Dictionary of Astronomy, OUP Oxford, p. 108, ISBN 0199609055. 

External links[edit]