HD 98800

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
HD 98800
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Crater
HD 98800 A
Right ascension 11h 22m 05.287s[1]
Declination −24° 46′ 39.78″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 9.59[1]
HD 98800 B
Right ascension 11h 22m 05.288s[1]
Declination −24° 46′ 39.05″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 10.06[1]
(10.4 / 11.5)[2]
Characteristics
HD 98800 A
Spectral type K5V / ?[3]
B−V color index 1.17 / ?[3]
HD 98800 B
Spectral type K7V / M1V[3]
B−V color index 1.37 / 1.41[3]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: -85.40[4] mas/yr
Dec.: -33.10[4] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 22.27 ± 2.31[4] mas
Distance approx. 150 ly
(approx. 45 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 6.06 (Aa)[3]
6.91 ± 0.26[5]
8.02 ± 0.27[5]
Orbit[6]
Primary HD 98800 A
Companion HD 98800 B
Period (P) 345 yr
Semi-major axis (a) 1.471″
Eccentricity (e) 0.5
Inclination (i) 88.3°
Longitude of the node (Ω) 184.8°
Periastron epoch (T) 2025
Argument of periastron (ω)
(secondary)
224.6°
Orbit[5]
Primary HD 98800 Ba
Period (P) 314.327 ± 0.028 d
Semi-major axis (a) 23.3 ± 2.5 mas
Eccentricity (e) 0.7849 ± 0.0053
Inclination (i) 66.8 ± 3.2°
Longitude of the node (Ω) 337.6 ± 2.4°
Periastron epoch (T) MJD 52481.34 ± 0.22
Argument of periastron (ω)
(secondary)
109.6 ± 1.1°
Semi-amplitude (K1)
(primary)
22.94 ± 0.34 km/s
Semi-amplitude (K2)
(secondary)
27.53 ± 0.61 km/s
Details
Age 7 ± 5[3] Myr
HD 98800 Aa
Mass 1.1 ± 0.1[7] M
Radius 1.75[8] R
Surface gravity (log g) 4.25[8] cgs
Temperature 4500[8] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 5.0[8] km/s
HD 98800 Ba
Mass 0.699 ± 0.064[5] M
Radius 1.09 ± 0.14[5] R
Luminosity 0.330 ± 0.075[5] L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.21 ± 0.12[5] cgs
Temperature 4200 ± 150[5] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 3.0[8] km/s
HD 98800 Bb
Mass 0.582 ± 0.051[5] M
Radius 0.85 ± 0.11[5] R
Luminosity 0.167 ± 0.038[5] L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.34 ± 0.12[5] cgs
Temperature 4000 ± 150[5] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 0.0[8] km/s
Other designations
TV Crt, CD−24° 9706, GJ 2084, HD 98800, HIP 55505, SAO 179815, ADS 8141 AB, CCDM J11221-2447AB
Database references
SIMBAD HD 98800
HD 98800A
HD 98800B
ARICNS HD 98800A
HD 98800B

HD 98800, also catalogued as TV Crateris (TV Crt), is a quadruple star system in the constellation of Crater (the cup). Parallax measurements made by the Hipparcos spacecraft put it at a distance of about 150 light-years (45 parsecs) away,[4] but this value is in high error. The system is located within the TW Hydrae association (TWA), and has received the designation TWA 4.[9]

The system consists of HD 98800 A and HD 98800 B each of which contains two stars. In 2007, a debris disk was discovered orbiting HD 98800 B consisting of two rings which indicates there may be an extrasolar planet orbiting within a distance of 1.5 to 2 astronomical units.

Stellar system[edit]

The system is a member of the TW Hydrae association, a group of young stars. Its membership was derived from the fact that its proper motion is similar to other stars in the group.[9]

HD 98800 is a quadruple system, with two pairs of stars orbiting each other. The two pairs are separated by over an arcsecond,[6] so the wide visual orbit is poorly known. A preliminary range of orbits has been calculated, with an orbital period of 300 to 430 years, as well as a moderate eccentricity of 0.3 to 0.6.[6]

The primary component, HD 98800 A, is a K-type main-sequence star[3] with a varying radial velocity. This indicates the presence of another star orbiting it, but light from that star cannot be detected, so the system is a single-lined spectroscopic binary. The secondary system, HD 98800 B, is another spectroscopic binary, but double-lined since both stars (another K-type star and a red dwarf) can be directly detected. The stars in the HD 98800 are much larger than would be expected from their masses: at such a young age, these stars have not condensed into their normal size yet.[10]

Planetary system[edit]

Debris disk[edit]

An artist's impression of the debris disk around HD 98800 B. HD 98800 A is seen in the distance.

An infrared excess indicative of a debris disk was first discovered by IRAS.[11] Further observations of the system have been made using Keck[12] and the Spitzer Space Telescope.[13] The disk consists of two separate belts. The inner ring extends from a distance of 1.5 to 2 astronomical units from the barycenter of the central binary. The outer ring begins at approximately 5.9 astronomical units from the central binary, and extends out an undetermined distance. The gap between the two rings is ~3 astronomical units. The inner ring is thin, while the inner portion of the outer ring is dense.

Dr. Elise Furlan, leader of the Spitzer team that imaged this disk, concludes that the dust generated from the collision of rocky objects in the outer belt should eventually migrate toward the inner disk. But because the system is a double binary system, the dust particles do not evenly fill out the inner disk as expected.

Possible planets[edit]

Debris disks are thought to constitute a phase in planetary formation. Because of the gap within the debris disk, the possibility of a planet within the system becomes even more likely. The detected gap could be caused by a unique gravitational relationship between the disk and a possible planet already begun to form, carving out a clear space in the disk. However, the gap could also be gravitational resonance effects of the four stars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Fabricius, C.; Høg, E.; Makarov, V. V.; Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Urban, S. E. (2002). "The Tycho double star catalogue". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 384: 180–189. Bibcode:2002A&A...384..180F. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20011822. 
  2. ^ "Sixth Catalog of Orbits of Visual Binary Stars". United States Naval Observatory. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Song, Inseok; Caillault, J.-P.; Barrado y Navascués, David; Stauffer, John R.; Randich, Sofia (April 2000), "Ages of Late Spectral Type Vega-like Stars", The Astrophysical Journal, 533 (1): L41–L44, arXiv:astro-ph/0002323Freely accessible, Bibcode:2000ApJ...533L..41S, doi:10.1086/312597, PMID 10727387 
  4. ^ a b c d van Leeuwen, F.; et al. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Boden, Andrew F.; Sargent, Anneila I.; Akeson, Rachel L.; Carpenter, John M.; Torres, Guillermo; Latham, David W.; Soderblom, David R.; Nelan, Ed; Franz, Otto G.; Wasserman, Lawrence H. (2005). "Dynamical Masses for Low‐Mass Pre–Main‐Sequence Stars: A Preliminary Physical Orbit for HD 98800 B". The Astrophysical Journal. 635: 442. arXiv:astro-ph/0508331Freely accessible. Bibcode:2005ApJ...635..442B. doi:10.1086/497328. 
  6. ^ a b c Tokovinin, A. A. (1999). "The visual orbit of HD 98800". Astronomy Letters. 25 (10): 669–671. Bibcode:1999AstL...25..669T. 
  7. ^ Verrier, P. E.; Evans, N. W. (2008). "HD 98800: A most unusual debris disc". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 390: 1377. arXiv:0807.5105Freely accessible. Bibcode:2008MNRAS.390.1377V. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13854.x. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Laskar, Tanmoy; Soderblom, David R.; Valenti, Jeff A.; Stauffer, John R. (2009). "The Metallicity of the Hd 98800 System". The Astrophysical Journal. 698: 660. arXiv:0905.1907Freely accessible. Bibcode:2009ApJ...698..660L. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/698/1/660. 
  9. ^ a b Gagné, Jonathan; Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Mamajek, Eric E.; Malo, Lison; Doyon, René; Filippazzo, Joseph C.; Weinberger, Alycia J.; Donaldson, Jessica K.; Lépine, Sébastien; Lafrenière, David; Artigau, Étienne; Burgasser, Adam J.; Looper, Dagny; Boucher, Anne; Beletsky, Yuri; Camnasio, Sara; Brunette, Charles; Arboit, Geneviève (2017). "BANYAN. IX. The Initial Mass Function and Planetary-mass Object Space Density of the TW HYA Association". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 228 (2): 18. arXiv:1612.02881Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017ApJS..228...18G. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/228/2/18. 
  10. ^ "Encyclopedia of Science: T Tauri star". Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  11. ^ Walker and Wolstencroft (1988). "Cool circumstellar matter around nearby main-sequence stars". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 100: 1509–1521. Bibcode:1988PASP..100.1509W. doi:10.1086/132357. 
  12. ^ Koerner; Jensen, E. L. N.; Cruz, K. L.; Guild, T. B.; Gultekin, K. (2000). "A Single Circumbinary Disk in the HD 98800 Quadruple System". The Astrophysical Journal. 533 (1): L37–L40. arXiv:astro-ph/0002227Freely accessible. Bibcode:2000ApJ...533L..37K. doi:10.1086/312593. 
  13. ^ Furlan, E.; et al. (2007). "HD 98800: A 10 Myr Old Transition Disk". The Astrophysical Journal. 664 (2): 1176–1184. arXiv:0705.0380Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007ApJ...664.1176F. doi:10.1086/519301. 

External links[edit]