Telluraves

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Telluraves
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 66–0 Ma
Erithacus rubecula with cocked head.jpg
European robin, Erithacus rubecula
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Telluraves
Yuri et al., 2013
Clades

Telluraves (also called land birds or core landbirds) is a recently defined[1] clade of birds with controversial content. Based on most recent genetic studies, the clade unites a variety of bird groups, including the australavians (passerines, parrots, seriamas, and falcons) as well as the afroavians (including raptors and woodpeckers).[2][3] They appear to be the sister group of a newly defined clade centered on Aequornithes.[4]

Given that the two most basal branches of both Afroaves and Australaves are predatory, it is inferred that the common ancestor of Telluraves was an apex predator.[4]

Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

AccipitriformesGyps fulvus -Basque Country-8 white background.jpgMaakotka (Aquila chrysaetos) by Jarkko Järvinen white background.jpg



Cathartiformes (New World vultures)Black Vulture RWD2013A white background.jpg





Strigiformes (owls)Tyto alba -British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England-8a (1) white background.jpg


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Trogon surrucura brazil white background.jpg


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)Nordlig hornkorp white background.jpg


Picodynastornithes

CoraciformesHalcyon smyrnensis in India (8277355382) white background.jpg



PiciformesDendrocopos major -Durham, England -female-8 white background.jpgRamphastos toco -Stadtgärtnerei Zürich - 20100919 white background.jpg









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriemas)Seriema (Cariama cristata) white background.jpgPhorusrhacid skeleton white background.jpg


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)Male Peregrine Falcon (7172188034) white background.jpg


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel Parakeet (Nymphicus hollandicus)9 white background.jpg



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)Gorrion alfeizar Habana white background.jpgCarrion crow 20090612 white background.jpg






Cladogram of Telluraves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[4] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology 2 (1): 419–444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  2. ^ Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  3. ^ Ericson, P. G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  4. ^ a b c Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science 346 (6215): 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMID 25504713.