Derris

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Derris
Derris scandens in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 4289.jpg
Derris scandens in Hyderabad, India.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Millettieae
Genus: Derris
Lour.
Species

See text.

Synonyms
  • Brachypterum Wight & Arn.
  • Paraderris (Miq.) R. Geesink
  • Salken Adans.

Derris is genus of leguminous plants found in Southeast Asia and the southwest Pacific islands, including New Guinea. The roots of D. elliptica contain rotenone, a strong insecticide[1] and fish poison.

Despite the secondary compounds found in Derris, they serve as food plants for many Lepidopteran larvae [2] including Batrachedra spp.

Selected species[edit]

The Plant List[3] includes the following:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fryer, J.C.F; et al. (February 1923). "A Quantitative Study Of The Insecticidal Properties Of Derris Elliptica (Tuba Root)". Annals of Applied Biology. Warwick, England: Association of Applied Biologists. 10 (1): 18. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1923.tb05651.x. 
  2. ^ Morse, Clinton. "Derris elliptica {Fabaceae}". florawww.eeb.uconn.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  3. ^ The Plant List [1]

External links[edit]