|Directed by||Heidi Ewing, Rachel Grady|
|Produced by||Craig Atkinson|
|Cinematography||Tony Hardmon, Craig Atkinson|
|Edited by||Enat Sidi|
Detropia is a 2012 documentary film, directed by Heidi Ewing and Rachel Grady, about the city of Detroit, Michigan. It focuses on the decline of the economy of Detroit due to long-term changes in the automobile industry, and the effects that the decline has had on the city's residents and infrastructure.
The film's name came from a portmanteau of the words "Detroit" and "Utopia", and was inspired by an abandoned auto parts store, where the letter "A" in "AUTO" and the letters "R", "T", and "S" in "PARTS" were missing from the store's sign. The letter "I" had been painted into the appropriate part of the store front to make the sign read "UTO PIA".
Structure and content
The film does not feature any narration or spoken comments from the filmmakers. Instead, it primarily follows three residents of Detroit in various situations around the city, circa 2010. Interspersed is contemporary footage of different areas of Detroit shot by the filmmakers, and clips of historic footage. Segments of performances at the Detroit Opera House are incorporated as well.
The three Detroiters who are profiled are video blogger Crystal Starr, nightclub owner Tommy Stephens, and United Auto Workers local President George McGregor, each of whom reflect on their own experiences and share their observations about the city, its problems, and its opportunities. Also featured are portions of Mayor Dave Bing's discussions with city officials and residents about the possibility of geographically consolidating Detroit residents as a cost-saving measure. A group of artists, mostly newcomers to Detroit, are shown as well, particularly Steve and Dorota Coy. The Coys, who are performance artists, are featured on the poster and DVD cover for the film.
Directors Heidi Ewing and Rachel Grady are the founders of Loki Films, a production company that specializes in documentaries. By 2008, they had made several successful documentaries, including The Boys of Baraka and Jesus Camp. Ewing, who grew up in the Detroit suburb of Farmington Hills, described the genesis of the Detropia project in a 2012 Q&A interview:
"...my co-director and I, Rachel, started talking about the city of Detroit in late 2008, because I would return home and things really seemed to be getting worse and worse. And it was already bad when I grew up there in the 80s. So to see the crisis sort of spread out further and further into the suburbs and a lot of people I knew were leaving. And we started discussing, 'What was the future of this place? What would it look like?' And then in October of 2009, I came with my crew for three days, just as an experiment, and filmed in the city just as an outsider. And talked to a few people, and was absolutely riveted to – riveted by the people and the place and I thought, 'There is definitely a movie here. I'm not sure what it is, but we need to make a film in Detroit.'"
Ewing elaborated further on the evolution of their filmmaking process in a HuffPost interview,
"We came back [from Detroit], made a trailer, and started to show it around. We raised the money very quickly -- turned out there were other people also very interested in Detroit. PBS came on board, and Ford Foundation, and next thing you knew, we were moving to Detroit. We rented two apartments in downtown Detroit, got two cars, and basically stayed for a year. We didn't know what we were going to do. We had chosen a city to make a movie about -- not a school in a city, or a dude in a city -- [so] we had to talk to a city, ask a city questions. It became a very organic, long, many-rabbit-holes, never-stop-casting sort of film. There are certain things we captured just because we were living there. We knew [the film] had to be a chorus, it had to be a poem, it had to be a butterfly, going from place to place. You can't just hang a city on one person, or one family, I don't think. So it was a totally different kind of filmmaking -- it felt experimental, kind of artsy, kind of crazy."
- Ramsey, Claire Pfeiffer (September 14, 2012). "'Detropia' Producer Comes Home to Debut Documentary in Royal Oak". Farmington-Farmington Hills Patch.
- "Q&A with Heidi Ewing". Q&A. C-SPAN. October 28, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
...we opened the film at Sundance in January and they needed a title because we had sent them a cut and with a temporary title and we couldn't figure out what to call it. And there's a shot in the film where an auto parts store has been converted by an artist to read instead of auto parts, it reads Utopia. And a guy is walking by it and we started playing with the concept that Detroit was a utopia for many. And we started combining the words.
- Denby, David. "Detropia". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Messner, Rebecca (October 3, 2012). "'Detropia' takes us inside the lives of people living among the ruins". Grist.
- "About". Loki Films. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- McCracken, Kristin (September 5, 2012). "What Can Detroit Teach the Nation? Heidi Ewing on Detropia". Huffington Post.
- "Detropia". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- "Detropia". Sundance Institute. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- "Awards for 2012". National Board of Review of Motion. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- "15 Documentary Features Advance In 2012 Oscar® Race". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved May 9, 2013.