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Devereux Emmet

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Devereux Emmet
Emmet, c. 1915
Born(1861-12-11)December 11, 1861
DiedDecember 30, 1934(1934-12-30) (aged 73)
Alma materColumbia University
SpouseElla B. Smith
Parent(s)William Jenkins Emmet and
Julia Colt Pierson
ProjectsBethpage State Park, 1923
DesignCongressional Country Club (Blue), 1924

Devereux Emmet (December 11, 1861 – December 30, 1934) was a pioneering American golf course architect who designed more than 150 courses worldwide.[1]

Early life[edit]

Devereux Emmet was born in Pelham, New York,[2] on December 11, 1861, one of eight children of William Jenkins Emmet and Julia Colt Pierson.[3] He was the great-grandson of Thomas Addis Emmet.

College and marriage[edit]

Coat of Arms of Devereux Emmet

Emmet graduated from Columbia University in 1883;[4] in 1889 he married Ella B. Smith in an elaborate wedding at her home in New York City.[5] Miss Smith, born in 1858, was the daughter of Judge J. Lawrence Smith and a niece of Alexander Turney Stewart. Ella's sister Elizabeth "Bessie" Springs Smith was the wife of architect Stanford White.[6] The couple had two children, Richard Smith Emmet (born October 1889) and Devereux Emmet, Jr. (born January 1897).[7]

Golf course design career[edit]

On a vacation in England he spent time with his friend, Charles B. Macdonald, who was measuring British golf courses in preparation for the design of the National Golf Links of America. Emmet's first design was Island Golf Links, a predecessor of Garden City Golf Club.[6] A friend of his remarked:

Emmet could not possibly conceive of any other use to which any given piece of real estate could be put except to lay out golf links on it.[2]

In 1924 he hired Alfred H. Tull as a design associate, and in 1929 made him a partner in the firm of Emmet, Emmet and Tull. The Tull-Emmet partnership continued until Emmet's death in 1934.[8]

Amateur golf[edit]

Emmet was a talented amateur golfer. He made the quarter-finals of the 1904 British Amateur and won the Bahamas Amateur at the age of 66.[6] In 1916, after he won the father-son tournament at Sleepy Hollow Country Club with Devereux Emmet, Jr., the United States Golf Association instituted the so-called architects rule that barred golf course architects from competing as amateurs in tournaments.[9]

Death and legacy[edit]

Devereux Emmet died in Garden City, New York, on December 30, 1934.[4]

Courses designed[edit]

18th hole (formerly the 17th) of the Blue Course of the Congressional Country Club

Emmet designed many of his courses in an era of wooden-shafted clubs. Because the holes are often short by current standards many of his designs have since been reworked.[10]

(remodeled by George Fazio and Tom Fazio in 1977 and by Arthur Hills in 2000)
(originally designed by Herbert Strong, remodeled by Devereux Emmet in 1921)
(renovated by Devereux Emmet and Alfred H. Tull in 1931)
(with Tom Bendelow)
(with Donald Ross)
(remodeled by Devereux Emmet and Alfred Tull in 1931)


  1. ^ "A Brief History". Schuyler Meadows Club. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Jackson (ed), A.V.Williams; Peele (ed), Robert (1911). A History of the Class of Eighteen Hundred and Eighty-Three of Columbia College. New York: Irving Press. p. 42. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ The Yale Forest School (1913). Biographical Record of the Graduates and Former Students of the Yale Forest. New Haven, CT: The Yale Forest School. p. 39.
  4. ^ a b "Devereux Emmet Golf Architect Died on Sunday" (PDF). The Pelham Sun. January 4, 1935. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  5. ^ "At her Father's Home" (PDF). New York Times. January 27, 1889. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Golf Course". Riddell's Bay Golf & Country Club. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  7. ^ Coates, H.T (1904). Woodhull Genealogy: The Woodhull Family in England and America. Philadelphia: Henry C. Coates & Co. p. 366.
  8. ^ Ed Oliver Golf Club. "Course Architects: About The Architects". Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  9. ^ "Emmet Takes Issue With U.S.G.A. Rule" (PDF). The New York Times. February 25, 1917. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  10. ^ "Devereux Emmet". WorldGolf. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  11. ^ https://openlinksgolf.com/architect-profiles/architect-profile-devereux-emmet/
  12. ^ https://www.copakecountryclub.com/docs/The%20Met%20Golfer%20Article%20for%20Website%20.pdf
  13. ^ "The Edison Club". Time Union. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  14. ^ "The CCF Golf Course". Archived from the original on 2011-04-04. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  15. ^ Mingay, Jeff (2008). Golf Architecture: A Worldwide Perspective, Volume 4. Pelican Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 9781589806160.
  16. ^ "APAWAMIS AND GREEN MEADOW COUNTRY CLUBS MAY CONSOLIDATE". The Rye Chronicle. Rye, New York, New York. March 6, 1918.
  17. ^ "Hughes Apawamis Professional, Will go to Green Meadow". The Evening Tribune. New York, New York. March 6, 1918.
  18. ^ "New Rye Country Club Rushing Work of Construction of 18 Hole Course". New York Evening Post. August 13, 1921.
  19. ^ "Meeting Here Tonight of the New Rye Club". The Daily Argus. July 14, 1921.