Lawrenceville, New Jersey
|Lawrenceville, New Jersey|
Map of Lawrenceville CDP in Mercer County. Inset: Location of Mercer County in New Jersey.
|Named for||Maidenhead, England|
|• Total||1.043 sq mi (2.701 km2)|
|• Land||1.042 sq mi (2.698 km2)|
|• Water||0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2) 0.09%|
|Elevation||184 ft (56 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||3,731.1/sq mi (1,440.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||08648 - Lawrence Township|
|GNIS feature ID||02390044|
Lawrenceville is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Lawrence Township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 3,887. Lawrenceville is located roughly halfway between Princeton and Trenton.
Lawrenceville is also known as the "village of Lawrenceville." Its core is the Main Street Historic District, which was listed in the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places in 1972, one of the first registered historic districts in New Jersey.
Lawrenceville was founded as Maidenhead in 1697, as part of Burlington County in the colony of West Jersey. In 1714, the village became a part of Hunterdon County. In 1798, the New Jersey Legislature legally incorporated the Township of Maidenhead.
The original name was adopted for Maidenhead, an English town on the Thames River, about 20 miles from London. The Colonial Supreme Court at Burlington officially confirmed the name on February 20, 1697. "Maidenhead" derives from the Anglo Saxon word "Maidenhythe," meaning "new wharf", though it acquired a secondary meaning as a term for virginity.
The Rev. Issac V. Brown, the first full-time pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Lawrenceville and the founder of the Academy of Maidenhead (now the Lawrenceville School), led a movement to petition the Legislature to change the town's name. The petition said "... it must be the wish of every good citizen... to be relieved of the necessity of using a term which may offend the delicacy of modesty, or disturb the feelings of seriousness, or excite the sneers of the willing".
The Legislature officially changed the name from Maidenhead to Lawrence on January 24, 1816, at a meeting in John Moore's Tavern. The township took its name from Captain James Lawrence, a naval hero of the War of 1812. The village was renamed Lawrenceville at the same time. In 1838, Mercer County was formed from parts of three counties, and Lawrence Township was included in the new County. The Township's boundaries and geographic relationships have remained the same since that time.
During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington's troops marched through Maidenhead after the Battle of Trenton (December 26, 1776) and the Second Battle of Trenton (January 2, 1777), chasing British troops. They met at the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777, just over the township line, where the Princeton Battlefield State Park now stands.
Cornwallis stayed overnight in Maidenhead on December 8, 1776, en route to Trenton. Cornwallis recorded the moment in his diary, a portion of which was found years later in John Moore's Tavern, which is now a residential house at 2695 Main Street. His opinion of the village was that "one night in Maidenhead was more than enough".
When the Presbyterian Church of Lawrenceville was built in 1698, it was called the Meetinghouse of Maidenhead. It is still serving the community at 2688 Main Street.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 1.043 square miles (2.701 km2), including 1.042 square miles (2.698 km2) of land and 0.001 square miles (0.002 km2) of water (0.09%).
U.S. Route 206 changes its name from "Lawrenceville-Princeton Road" to "Main Street", and then to "Lawrenceville-Trenton Road" in the center of Lawrenceville. The local historic district fronts along Main Street and U.S. Route 206 stretch for more than two miles between Franklin Corner Road and an area slightly north of Fackler Road. Homes situated more than 250 feet from the road are excluded, however. One exception is the section of The Lawrenceville School known as the Circle and several other buildings in its vicinity, the oldest buildings on the campus. This area itself has been designated a National Historic Landmark.
Lawrenceville generally comprises the area contained within Lawrenceville-Pennington Road to the south, Fackler Road to the north, Keefe Road to the west, and U.S. Route 206, part of which turns into Main Street in Lawrenceville, to the east. The Lawrenceville School, across Route 206, is usually considered part of the village as well. Before tract development, beginning in the early 1970s, Lawrenceville was broadly defined as stretching two to three blocks back from Route 206. The boundary became less clear as residential developments replaced farmland behind the historic village.
Lawrence Township is occasionally and mistakenly referred to as Lawrenceville. The confusion is partly caused because the local post office is located in the Lawrenceville CDP and the Postal Service once instructed Lawrence Township residents to use Lawrenceville, Princeton or Trenton as their mailing address. In 1973, voters approved a nonbinding referendum to petition the U.S. Postal Service to adopt a single municipal post office address known as Lawrenceville for the entire township; The effort failed. A township resident appeared before Township Council in July, 2007, to request to designate the 08648 ZIP code for Lawrence Township. Council approved a resolution in support of the request that was then forwarded to the U.S. Postal Service. Township officials had fought, off and on, for the change since 1969, when then-U.S. Rep. Frank Thompson tried unsuccessfully to convince U.S. Postal Service authorities to grant a Lawrence name tag for the entire township, according to a letter on file at the Municipal Clerk's Office. The United States Postal Service notified the township authorities in October 2007 that the preferred designation for the 08648 would be changed to "Lawrence Township".
Lawrenceville is equidistant between Trenton and Princeton, almost being equidistant from New York and Philadelphia, with it being roughly fifteen miles closer to Philadelphia. Major transportation corridors have passed through Lawrenceville since the town's inception, including The King's Highway, which in the 18th century approximated today's U.S. Route 206.
1990-2010 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,887 people, 1,734 households, and 1,046 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,731.1 per square mile (1,440.6/km2). There were 1,805 housing units at an average density of 1,732.6 per square mile (669.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.16% (3,310) White, 3.99% (155) Black or African American, 0.10% (4) Native American, 7.77% (302) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.80% (31) from other races, and 2.19% (85) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.32% (168) of the population.
There were 1,734 households, of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the CDP, 20.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 35.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.2 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.6 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,081 people, 1,747 households, and 1,070 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,515.1/km² (3,926.5/mi²). There were 1,776 housing units at an average density of 659.3/km² (1,708.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.12% White, 3.58% African American, 0.07% Native American, 6.30% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.46% of the population.
Of the 1,747 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 48.7% were married couples living together; 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present; and 38.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18; 5.8% from 18 to 24; 32.2% from 25 to 44; 27.7% from 45 to 64; and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP as of the year 2000 was $74,107. The median income for a family was $98,972. Males had a median income of $65,189 versus $37,972 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $37,919. About 0.6% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.
The Lawrenceville Elementary School, one of Lawrence Township Public Schools' four elementary schools, is located in Lawrenceville.
Lawrenceville is home to the Lawrenceville School, a private boarding and day high school founded in 1810. It is one of the oldest prep schools in the United States.
Other schools in the township are Notre Dame High School, St. Ann School, Princeton Junior School, Chapin School, Slackwood Elementary School, Ben Franklin Elementary School, Eldridge Park Elementary School, Lawrence Intermediate School (LIS), Lawrence Middle School (LMS), and Lawrence High School (LHS).
In May 2002, the residents including Asian/Chinese as well as non-Asian/Chinese population established a Chinese language school where students of all cultural and ethnic backgrounds could learn the Chinese language on Sunday afternoons. From September 2002 to June 2005, Lawrence Middle School was the host to YingHua Language School, which teaches Simplified Chinese to over 200 students. Since September 2005, YingHua has been residing in Rider University.
Strayer University has a campus in Lawrenceville.
Rider University has a campus located in Lawrenceville.
Historically, the Lawrenceville School was the dominant economic force in the village. Since World War II, Lawrenceville has become a commuter town, serving educational and corporate employment centers in Lawrence Township, in Princeton and Trenton, in the surrounding cluster of corporate and research campuses, and to a lesser extent in New York City. There are no large businesses in Lawrenceville itself, but Lawrence Township is home to several large corporate facilities outside of the village, including the world headquarters of Educational Testing Service, offices for the Lenox division of Department 56, the main research facility for Bristol Myers Squibb, and the offices of the Peterson's division of Nelnet.
The village businesses share an organization, Lawrenceville Main Street, which organizes events, such as the Music in the Park series, the annual Jubilee, and Taste of Lawrenceville, and promotes the business district to visitors. The Lawrenceville Farmers Market is held every Sunday, from about June to November.
The Lawrenceville Fire Co., Lawrenceville Water Co. (now part of Aqua America), Lawrenceville Fuel, and a U.S. Post Office are also located in Lawrenceville.
Lawrenceville was formerly home to a family grocery, hardware store, pharmacy, and, most famously, the Jigger Shop, which served generations of Lawrenceville School students as a school store and soda fountain. A fire destroyed the shop on August 10, 1990. Caused by faulty electrical cords that ran to a store refrigerator, the fire burned through the store's ceiling into the second-floor apartment, which was unoccupied . A new Jigger Shop then opened at The Lawrenceville School and was located on the first floor of the Noyes History Building, until its relocation to the Irwin Dining Center in 2011.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lawrenceville include:
- Dierks Bentley (born 1975), country music musician.
- Brett Brackett (born 1987), tight end for the Seattle Seahawks.
- David Brearley (1745–1790), signer of the United States Constitution and Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1779-1789.
- George H. Brown (1810–1865), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1853 to 1855.
- Scott Brunner (born 1957), former NFL quarterback.
- Richard J. Coffee (born 1924), founder of Mercer County Park and a former state senator.
- Carlos Dengler, former Interpol bassist.
- Tony DeNicola (1927-2006), jazz drummer.
- Eb Gaines (1927-2012), U.S. Consul General to Bermuda from 1989 until 1992
- James T.C. Liu (1919-1993), Chinese historian and a leading scholar on Song dynasty history who was a professor at Princeton University for more than two decades.
- Ed Moran, long-distance runner.
- John Nalbone (born 1986), tight end for the Miami Dolphins.
- Norman Schwarzkopf (1934-2012), United States Army general who was commander of coalition forces during the Gulf War.
- Jon Solomon (born 1973), DJ on WPRB.
- Jon Stewart (born 1962), comedian and host of The Daily Show on Comedy Central.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 21, 2016.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lawrenceville Census Designated Place, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed November 21, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 20, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Lawrenceville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 21, 2012.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 21, 2012.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), P. III-4. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 20, 2012.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 19, 2015.
- Village of Lawrenceville, Lawrence Hopewell Trail. Accessed November 21, 2012.
- Main Street Historic District, Township of Lawrence. Accessed November 21, 2012. "When listed in the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places in 1972, the Main Street Historic District was one of the first registered historic districts in the State."
- Pictorial History of Lawrence Township 1697-1997, published by Lawrence Township, 1997
- Tyler, Donald H., Old Lawrenceville, 1973
- Tyler, Donald H., Old Lawrenceville, 1973, p. 40
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Lawrence Township Assigned ZIP Code Designation, Lawrence Township, October 31, 2007. Accessed November 19, 2012. "The United States Postal Service (USPS) has notified Lawrence Township Officials that the postal ZIP Code 08648 has been approved for designation as Lawrence Township."
- A Brief History of Lawrence Township, Township of Lawrence. Accessed December 1, 2011.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 21, 2012.
- Jigger hop, Lawrenceville School. Accessed December 1, 2011.
- Bledsoe, Wayne. "Dierks Bentley is aiming for artistic heights on 'grassy' new album; Show canceled due to weather conditions", Knoxville News Sentinel, April 29, 2010. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Born in Phoenix, Bentley spent part of his youth in Lawrenceville, N.J., and later moved to Nashville to attend Vanderbilt University."
- Staff. "BRACKETT MAKING IMPACT AS NITTANY LIONS RECEIVER", Centre Daily Times, September 4, 2008. Accessed October 10, 2012. "Now the fourth receiver in an offense that routinely utilizes four-wide sets, the redshirt sophomore from Lawrenceville, NJ, poses a big problem for opposing defenses... Brackett threw for 46 touchdowns and ran for 23 more during his career at Lawrence High School...."
- The Founding Fathers: New Jersey - David Brearly, National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed November 27, 2007.
- George Houston Brown, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 1, 2007.
- Katz, Michael. "THE EDUCATION OF QUARTERBACK BRUNNER", The New York Times, September 20, 1982. Accessed October 23, 2007. "Scott, who was born in Sellersville, Pa., grew up in Middletown, N.Y.; West Chester, Pa., and Lawrenceville, N.J.... The family moved to Lawrenceville just before Scott's junior year in high school."
- Staff. "COFFEE REVEALS HIS TOTAL ASSETS; Democratic Candidate Puts Net Worth at $382,532", The New York Times, March 18, 1973. Accessed November 21, 2012. "Other assets he reported were a $75,000 house in Lawrenceville with a $48,600 mortgage"
- Cohen, Ian. "Cap the Old Times: The Story of Interpol's Turn on the Bright Lights; With Matador's 10th anniversary reissue in mind, the New York City band talks about the making of their epochal debut album in this definitive oral history.", Pitchfork, November 29, 2012. Accessed October 15, 2013. "CARLOS DENGLER: I finished high school in Lawrenceville, N.J. I was a metalhead back then, into all the typical shit: drinking Budweiser by the railroad tracks and listening to Metallica, just going crazy on that level."
- Staff. "Tony DeNicola: Obituary", The Times (Trenton), September 4, 2006. Accessed September 17, 2015. "Tony DeNicola, 79, died Saturday in the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia. Born in Pennington, he had resided in Lawrenceville for 40 years."
- "Ludwell Gaines obituary". San Francisco Chronicle. 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
- Plaks, Andrew H.; Peterson, Willard J.; Tang, Hai-tao; and Yu, Ying-shih. "James T. C. Liu (1919-1993)", The Journal of Asian Studies, Volume 53 / Issue 03 / August 1994, pp 1044-1045. Accessed June 27, 2015. "James T. C. Liu (Liu Tzu-chien) died at his home in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, on September 30, 1993, after a long illness."
- Hunt, Christopher (November 2, 2011). "Moran to Live Dream in NYC Marathon". ESPN.
- John Nalbone, Cincinnati Bengals. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Hometown:Lawrenceville, NJ"
- Frassinelli, Mike; and Calefati, Jessica. "Norman Schwarzkopf remembered as a 'genuine native son' of N.J.", The Star-Ledger, December 28, 2012. Accessed October 15, 2013. "He grew up in Lawrenceville and returned for New Jersey State Police functions, including as a keynote speaker for the State Police's 75th Anniversary in 1996 and as a guest of honor at a State Police-sponsored Boy Scout event in the early 2000s, State Police spokesman Lt. Stephen Jones said."
- Morton, Ryan. "Jon Solomon: Quirky Carols", Northwestern University Alumni Life, Winter 2011. Accessed November 21, 2012. " Solomon also runs an independent music label, Comedy Minus One, that produces post-punk, and he writes for various publications, while living in Lawrenceville, N.J."
- Condran, Ed. "Captain Noah gave Jon his big break", Bucks County Courier Times, February 27, 2004. Accessed March 13, 2008. "Jon Stewart has a considerable history with Philadelphia, growing up in Lawrenceville, N.J."