Dianthus pavonius

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Dianthus pavonius
Caryophyllaceae - Dianthus pavonius-3.JPG
Plant of Dianthus pavonius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
Species: D. pavonius
Binomial name
Dianthus pavonius
Synonyms
  • Dianthus neglectus Loisel. [1]


Dianthus pavonius, common name Peacock-eye Pink, is a herbaceous perennial plant[2] of the genus Dianthus belonging to the Caryophyllaceae family.

Etymology[edit]

The genus name Dianthus derives from the Greek words for divine ("dios") and flower ("anthos"), while the species name pavonius comes from the Latin "pavo" and means "like a peacock".

Description[edit]

Close-up of a flower of Dianthus pavonius

Dianthus pavonius is a hemicryptophyte scapose plant[2] [3] reaching 2–25 centimetres (0.79–9.84 in) in height. [4][3] This short-stemmed carnation occurs in dense clumps. It has bluish-greenish pointed leaves and purple-pink coloured flowers, with a blue or brown heart. The flowering period extends from April through May.[5] The fruits are cylindrical capsules with several flat brown seeds. [3]

Distribution[edit]

This species is mainly present in the southern Alps in France and Italy and in the Pyrenees.[2][4]

Habitat[edit]

Dianthus pavonius grows in grassland and prefers sunny areas and moderately nutrient-rich moist soil,[6] at an altitude of 1,100–3,000 metres (3,600–9,800 ft) above sea level.[2][3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biolib
  2. ^ a b c d Luirig Altervista
  3. ^ a b c d Acta Plantarum
  4. ^ a b Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982. Vol. I, pag. 271
  5. ^ Zipcodezoo
  6. ^ Plant encyclopedie

External links[edit]