|The Right Honourable|
|Minister of State for Energy|
5 April 1976 – 4 May 1979
|Prime Minister||James Callaghan|
|Preceded by||Lord Balogh|
|Succeeded by||Hamish Gray|
|Minister of State for Scotland|
7 January 1967 – 19 June 1970
Serving with Lord Hughes
|Prime Minister||Harold Wilson|
|Preceded by||George Willis|
|Succeeded by||Baroness Tweedsmuir|
|Member of Parliament|
for Greenock and Port Glasgow
26 May 1955 – 9 June 1983
|Preceded by||Hector McNeil|
|Succeeded by||Norman Godman|
1 November 1925|
|Died||10 April 2008 (aged 82)|
|Political party||Labour Co-operative (Social Democratic Party 1981–91)|
Jesse Dickson Mabon PC FRSA (1 November 1925 – 10 April 2008), sometimes known as Dick Mabon, was a Scottish politician, physician and business executive. He was the founder of The Manifesto Group of Labour MPs, an alliance of moderate MPs who fought the perceived leftward drift of the Labour Party in the 1970s. He was a Labour Co-operative MP until October 1981, when he joined the Social Democratic Party. He left Parliament in 1983, after being defeated, and rejoined the Labour Party in 1991.
Mabon was born in Glasgow, the son of Jesse Dickson Mabon, a butcher, and his wife, Isabel Simpson (née Montgomery). He was educated at Possilpark primary school, Cumbrae primary school and North Kelvinside Academy.
He studied medicine at Glasgow University after he was demobilised. He was chairman of the Labour Club (1948–50), then chairman of the National Association of Labour Students in 1949–1950, and finally president of Glasgow University Union in 1951–52, and of the Scottish Union of Students, 1954–55.
In 1955, he won The Observer Mace, speaking with A. A. Kennedy and representing Glasgow University. In 1995, the competition was renamed the John Smith Memorial Mace and is now run by the English-Speaking Union.
He was political columnist for the Scottish Daily Record from 1955 to 1964, and studied under Dr Kissinger at Harvard University in 1963. He was also a visiting physician at Manor House Hospital, London, 1958–64.
Mabon was the unsuccessful Labour candidate for Bute and North Ayrshire in 1951, and Labour Co-operative candidate for Renfrewshire West in 1955. He was elected as Labour Co-operative member of parliament for Greenock at a by-election in December 1955, replacing Tony Benn as Labour's youngest MP. He held that seat (from 1974 Greenock and Port Glasgow) until 1983. He became a frontbench spokesman on health in 1962.
He was a junior minister as joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland (1964–67) and was promoted to Minister of State for Scotland, 1967–70. After Labour lost the 1970 general election, he became Deputy Opposition Spokesman on Scotland, but resigned in April 1972 over Labour's stand on the Common Market. Although he supported Roy Jenkins in the election for a new leader of the Labour party in 1976, Jim Callaghan appointed him as Minister of State in the Department of Energy (1976–79), where he took charge of North Sea oil. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1977.
Mabon was also a Member of the Council of Europe and of the Assembly of the Western European Union, 1970–72 and 1974–76, and of the North Atlantic Assembly, 1980–82. He was Chairman of the European Movement, 1975–76 (and deputy Chairman, 1979–83), and Founder Chairman of the Manifesto Group in the Parliamentary Labour Party (1974–76), set up to counter the left-wing Tribune group.
He became a member of the Social Democratic Party in October 1981. The party was founded by the Gang of Four in March 1981, but Mabon later called himself a founder member of the party. He unsuccessfully contested Renfrew West and Inverclyde for the SDP in 1983 after the local Liberals refused to stand their candidate down for him in his previous seat, and fought Renfrew West again for the SDP/Alliance in 1987, and also the Lothians seat in the 1984 election for the European Parliament. Mabon was one of the SDP's negotiators in their merger attempts with the Liberals. However, Mabon concluded that the merged party was not to his liking, and he remained loyal to David Owen's continuing SDP project, which collapsed after a couple of years in 1990. After that, Mabon rejoined Labour in 1991 and became an enthusiastic backer of New Labour.
He was chairman of SOS Children's Villages UK until 1993 and tried to get an SOS Children's Village built in Scotland first near Glasgow and then at Stirling; he was foiled by local councils who did not want the stigma of charitable help.
He rejoined the Labour Party in 1991, and subsequently became a member of the executive committee of Eastbourne Labour Party until 2004.
Mabon, whose first directorship had been at Radio Clyde in the 1970s, added a non-executive directorship with East Midlands Electricity to his place at Cairn; in 1992 he urged John Major's government to privatise British Coal in two halves with one going to an East Midland-led consortium including himself. He kept up his interest in medicine, in 1990 becoming president of the Faculty of the History of Medicine. Mabon was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA) and a Freeman of the City of London.
He married Elizabeth Zinn, an actress, in 1970. They had one son.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Dickson Mabon
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 14 April 2008
- Obituary, The Independent, 14 April 2008
- Obituary, The Times, 15 April 2008
- Obituary, The Guardian, 15 April 2008
| Minister for Energy
| Minister of State for Scotland
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Greenock
1955 – February 1974
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Greenock and Port Glasgow
February 1974 – 1983