Donkey Skin (film)
original film poster
|Directed by||Jacques Demy|
|Produced by||Mag Bodard|
|Written by||Jacques Demy|
Charles Perrault (story)
|Music by||Michel Legrand|
|Edited by||Anne-Marie Cotret|
|Distributed by||Entertainment One Films (North America)|
Peau d'âne (English: Donkey Skin) is a 1970 French musical film directed by Jacques Demy. It is also known by the English titles Once Upon a Time and The Magic Donkey. The film was adapted by Demy from Donkeyskin, a fairy tale by Charles Perrault about a king who wishes to marry his daughter. It stars Catherine Deneuve and Jean Marais, with music by Michel Legrand. Donkey Skin proved to be Demy's biggest success in France, with a total of 2,198,576 tickets sold.
The king promises his dying queen that after her death he will only marry a woman as beautiful and virtuous as she. Pressed by his advisers to remarry and produce an heir, he comes to the conclusion that the only way to fulfill his promise is to marry his own daughter, the princess. Following the advice of her godmother, the lilac fairy, the princess demands a series of seemingly impossible nuptial gifts in the hope that her father will be forced to give up his plans of marriage. However, the king succeeds in providing her with dresses the colour of the weather, the moon and the sun and finally with the skin of a magic donkey that excretes jewels, the source of his kingdom's wealth. Donning the donkey skin, the princess flees her father's kingdom to avoid the incestuous marriage.
In the guise of "Donkey Skin", the princess finds employment as a pig keeper in a kingdom. The prince of this kingdom spies her in her hut in the woods and falls in love with her. Love-struck, he retires to his sickbed, and asks that Donkey Skin be instructed to bake him a cake to restore him to health. In the cake, he finds a ring that the princess has placed there, and is thus sure that his love for her is reciprocated. He declares that he will marry the woman whose finger fits the ring.
All the women of marriageable age assemble at the prince's castle and try on the ring one by one, in order of social status. Last of all is the lowly Donkey Skin, who is revealed to be the princess when the ring fits her finger. At the wedding of the prince and the princess, the lilac fairy and the king arrive by helicopter and declare that they too are to be married.
Jacques Demy, fascinated by Charles Perrault's fairy tale since childhood, was working on a script for the film as early as 1962. The involvement of Catherine Deneuve was instrumental in securing financing for the production.:40
Numerous elements in the film refer to Jean Cocteau's 1946 fairy-tale film Beauty and the Beast: the casting of Jean Marais, the use of live actors to portray human statues in the castles and the use of simple special effects such as slow motion and reverse motion.:44
Shooting locations for the film included:
- Catherine Deneuve: La première reine (the first queen), la princesse (the princess), "Peau d'âne"
- Jean Marais: Le premier roi (the first king)
- Jacques Perrin: Le prince charmant (the prince)
- Micheline Presle: La reine rouge (the red queen), la seconde reine (the second queen)
- Delphine Seyrig: La fée des lilas (the Lilac fairy)
- Fernand Ledoux: Le roi rouge (the red king), le second roi (the second king)
- Henri Crémieux: Le chef des médecins (the doctor)
- Sacha Pitoëff: Le premier ministre (the prime minister)
- Pierre Repp: Thibaud
- Jean Servais: Récitant (narrator voice)
- Georges Adet: Le savant (the scholar)
- Annick Berger: Nicolette
- Romain Bouteille: Le charlatan (the charlatan)
- Louise Chevalier: La vieille (the old woman)
- Sylvain Corthay: Godefroy
- Jacques Demy and Michel Legrand: voices
- "Peau d'Âne". JP's Box-office (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "The Essential Jacques Demy". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- Hill, Rodney (Winter 2005–2006). "Donkey Skin (Peau d'âne)". Film Quarterly. University of California Press. 59 (2): 40–44. doi:10.1525/fq.2005.59.2.40. ISSN 0015-1386. JSTOR 3697283.
- "Donkey Skin". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "1970 Box Office in France". Box Office Story.
- "Box Office Figures for Jean Marais films". Box Office Story.