Donkey Skin (film)
|Directed by||Jacques Demy|
|Screenplay by||Jacques Demy|
by Charles Perrault
|Produced by||Mag Bodard|
|Edited by||Anne-Marie Cotret|
|Music by||Michel Legrand|
|Distributed by||Cinema International Corporation|
|Box office||$13.2 million|
Donkey Skin (French: Peau d'âne; also known in English as Once Upon a Time and The Magic Donkey) is a 1970 French musical fantasy comedy film directed by Jacques Demy, based on Donkeyskin, a fairy tale by Charles Perrault about a king who wishes to marry his daughter. It stars Catherine Deneuve and Jean Marais, with music by Michel Legrand. Donkey Skin proved to be Demy's biggest success in France, with a total of 2,198,576 tickets sold.
The king promises his dying queen that after her death he will only marry a woman as beautiful and virtuous as she. Pressed by his advisers to remarry and produce an heir, he comes to the conclusion that the only way to fulfill his promise is to marry his own daughter, the princess. Following the advice of her godmother, the lilac fairy, the princess demands a series of seemingly impossible nuptial gifts in the hope that her father will be forced to give up his plans of marriage. However, the king succeeds in providing her with dresses the colour of the weather, the moon and the sun and finally with the skin of a magic donkey that excretes jewels, the source of his kingdom's wealth. Donning the donkey skin, the princess flees her father's kingdom to avoid the incestuous marriage.
In the guise of "Donkey Skin", the princess finds employment as a pig keeper in a neighbouring kingdom. The prince of this kingdom spies her in her hut in the woods and falls in love with her. Love-struck, he retires to his sickbed, and asks that Donkey Skin be instructed to bake him a cake to restore him to health. In the cake, he finds a ring that the princess has placed there, and is thus sure that his love for her is reciprocated. He declares that he will marry the woman whose finger fits the ring.
All the women of marriageable age assemble at the prince's castle and try on the ring one by one, in order of social status. Last of all is the lowly Donkey Skin, who is revealed to be the princess when the ring fits her finger. At the wedding of the prince and the princess, the lilac fairy and the king arrive by helicopter and declare that they too are to be married.
- Catherine Deneuve as la première reine (the first queen), la princesse (the princess), "Peau d'âne"
- Jean Marais as le premier roi (the first king)
- Jacques Perrin as le prince charmant (the prince)
- Micheline Presle as la reine rouge (the red queen), la seconde reine (the second queen)
- Delphine Seyrig as la fée des lilas (the Lilac fairy)
- Fernand Ledoux as le roi rouge (the red king), le second roi (the second king)
- Henri Crémieux as le chef des médecins (the doctor)
- Sacha Pitoëff as le premier ministre (the prime minister)
- Pierre Repp as Thibaud
- Jean Servais as narrator
- Georges Adet as le savant (the scholar)
- Annick Berger as Nicolette
- Romain Bouteille as le charlatan (the charlatan)
- Louise Chevalier as la vieille (the old woman)
- Sylvain Corthay as Godefroy
- Jacques Demy and Michel Legrand as voices
Jacques Demy, fascinated by Charles Perrault's fairy tale since childhood, was working on a script for the film as early as 1962. The involvement of Catherine Deneuve was instrumental in securing financing for the production.: 40
Numerous elements in the film refer to Jean Cocteau's 1946 fairy-tale film Beauty and the Beast: the casting of Jean Marais, the use of live actors to portray human statues in the castles and the use of simple special effects such as slow motion and reverse motion.: 44
Shooting locations for the film included:
- "Peau d'Âne". JP's Box-office (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "The Essential Jacques Demy". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- Frédéric Bonnaud (30 November 1995). "Jacques Demy et les Racines du rêve". Les Inrocks..
- "Interview de Jacques Demy". INA. Retrieved 16 February 2015..
- "Premios del CEC a la producción española de 1971". Círculo de Escritores Cinematográficos (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2015..
- Andrée Tournès (March 1971). "Critique du film" (PDF). Jeune Cinéma..
- Jean-Louis Bory (4 January 1971). "Critique du film" (PDF). Le Nouvel Observateur..
- Jean de Baroncelli (December 1970). "Critique du film" (PDF). Aden/Le Monde..
- Hill, Rodney (Winter 2005–2006). "Donkey Skin (Peau d'âne)". Film Quarterly. University of California Press. 59 (2): 40–44. doi:10.1525/fq.2005.59.2.40. ISSN 0015-1386. JSTOR 3697283.
- "Donkey Skin". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "1970 Box Office in France". Box Office Story.
- "Box Office Figures for Jean Marais films". Box Office Story.