Dor, Israel

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Dor
Dor beach
Dor beach
Dor is located in Israel
Dor
Dor
Coordinates: 32°36′26.63″N 34°55′19.19″E / 32.6073972°N 34.9219972°E / 32.6073972; 34.9219972Coordinates: 32°36′26.63″N 34°55′19.19″E / 32.6073972°N 34.9219972°E / 32.6073972; 34.9219972
District Haifa
Council Hof HaCarmel
Affiliation Moshavim Movement
Founded Bronze Age (ancient Dor)
Middle Ages (Tantura)
1949 (modern Dor)
Founded by Greek-Jewish immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 398

Dor (Hebrew: דּוֹר‎) is a moshav in northern Israel. Located near Zikhron Ya'akov, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof HaCarmel Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 398.[1] It was named after the ancient Phoenician city of Dor, which was inhabited by the tribe of Manasseh in the Israelite period.

History[edit]

The earliest remains at the Tel Dor site date back to the Canaanite period ending about 1200 BCE. Later, the Shkil tribe of sea raiders inhabited Tel Dor, as described in the letters of the Egyptian traveler Wen-Amon.[2] The Phoenicians settled at Dor approximately 1100 BCE, and subsequently it became King Solomon’s main port on the Mediterranean. Modern Dor was named after the ancient Phoenician city of Dor, which was inhabited by the tribe of Manasseh in the Israelite period. The city is mentioned in the Bible, in the Book of Joshua 17:11 and 1 Chronicles 7:29). The ancient city of Dor was situated on the excavated tell north of today's moshav, overlooking Kibbutz Nahsholim.

Archaeologists have excavated Roman temples and mosaic floors, as well as stone-walled houses from the Hellenistic period, when the site was known as Dora.[2] Artifacts of beautiful Roman and Greek bowls, plates, jugs and jewelry are displayed at the nearby museum. From the 4th to the 7th century CE, Dor served as a Bishopric, but the Byzantine church was later abandoned.[2] The village of Tantura was established in the area during the Arab period.[2]

The modern moshav was established in 1949 by Jewish immigrants from Greece, who were later joined by Jewish refugees from Iraq on land of the depopulated Arab village of Tantura, east of the old village site.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Life with Neanderthal Man and Napoleon too at the Mt. Carmel caves and the beach at Tel Dor Sightseeing in Israel
  3. ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. xxii. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. 
  4. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992), All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, p. 195, ISBN 0-88728-224-5