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OriginDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
Years active1992–2002
Past membersJames Stinson
Gerald Donald

Drexciya was an American electronic music duo from Detroit, Michigan, consisting of James Stinson (1969–2002[1][2]) and Gerald Donald.[3]


The majority of Drexciya's releases were in the style of dance-floor oriented electro, punctuated with elements of retro and 1980s Detroit techno, with occasional excursions into the ambient and industrial genres. They had 3 releases on the highly influential Underground Resistance Detroit record label. Tracks were mostly centered around the Roland TR-808 drum machine.[4]

Drexciya, which eschewed media attention and its attendant focus on personality,[5] developed a nautical afrofuturist myth.[6] The group revealed in the sleeve notes to their 1997 album The Quest that "Drexciya" was an underwater country populated by the unborn children of pregnant African women who were thrown off of slave ships; the babies had adapted to breathe underwater in their mothers' wombs.[7] The myth was built partly on Paul Gilroy's The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (1993), according to Kodwo Eshun.[8]

In 1997, Drexciya released a compilation album, titled The Quest.[9] The duo released three studio albums: Neptune's Lair (1999), Harnessed the Storm (2002), and Grava 4 (2002).[10]

Stinson died suddenly on 3 September 2002 of a heart condition.[11] Gerald Donald continues to produce music under other names such as Dopplereffekt with To Nhan Le Thi and Japanese Telecom.[1]


Studio albums[edit]

Compilation albums[edit]

  • The Quest (1997), Submerge
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller I (2011), Clone
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller II (2012), Clone
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller III (2013), Clone
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller IV (2013), Clone


  • Deep Sea Dweller (1992), Shockwave Records
  • Drexciya 2: Bubble Metropolis (1993), Underground Resistance
  • Drexciya 3: Molecular Enhancement (1994), Rephlex, Submerge
  • Drexciya 4: The Unknown Aquazone (1994), Submerge
  • Aquatic Invasion (1994), Underground Resistance
  • The Journey Home (1995), Warp Records
  • The Return of Drexciya (1996), Underground Resistance
  • Uncharted (1997), Somewhere in Detroit
  • Hydro Doorways (2000), Tresor


  • "Fusion Flats" (2000), Tresor
  • "Digital Tsunami" (2001), Tresor
  • "Drexciyan R.E.S.T. Principle" (2002), Clone


  1. ^ a b "James Marcel Stinson - Biography". AllMusic.
  2. ^ "James Stinson 1969-2002 - An Appreciation".
  3. ^ Rubin, Mike (October 1998). "A Tale of Two Cities". Spin. pp. 104–109. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  4. ^ Gaskins, Nettrice (2016). "Deep Sea Dwellers: Drexciya and the Sonic Third Space" (PDF). Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures. 10 (2). doi:10.21463/shima.10.2.08.
  5. ^ Samuels, A. J. (30 May 2013). "Master Organism: A.J. Samuels interviews Gerald Donald". Electronic Beats. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  6. ^ Womack, Ytasha (2013). Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture. Chicago Review Press. p. 70. ISBN 9781613747995.
  7. ^ "Interview with Kodwo Eshun of the Otolith Group". Art Practical. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  8. ^ Eshun, Kodwo (2003). "Further Considerations of Afrofuturism". CR: The New Centennial Review. 3 (2): 287–302. doi:10.1353/ncr.2003.0021. S2CID 13646543. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  9. ^ Beta, Andy (22 June 2012). "Drexciya's Imaginary Soundtrack for Science Fiction". MTV. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  10. ^ Beta, Andy (16 October 2014). "Drexciya / Transllusion: Neptune's Lair / The Opening of the Cerebral Gate". Pitchfork. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  11. ^ "DREXCIYA MEMBER DIES". NME. 9 September 2002. Retrieved 6 May 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]