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OriginDetroit, Michigan
Years active1992–2002
Past membersJames Stinson
Gerald Donald

Drexciya was an American electronic music duo from Detroit, Michigan, consisting of James Stinson (1969 - 2002[1][2]) and Gerald Donald.[3]


The majority of Drexciya's releases were in the style of dance-floor-oriented electro, punctuated with elements of retro, 1980s Detroit techno, with occasional excursions into the ambient and industrial genres. Tracks were mostly centered around the Roland TR-808 drum machine.[4][not in citation given]

Drexciya, which eschewed media attention and its attendant focus on personality,[5] developed an afrofuturist myth.[6] The group revealed in the sleeve notes to their 1997 album The Quest that "Drexciya" was an underwater country populated by the unborn children of pregnant African women who were thrown off of slave ships; the babies had adapted to breathe underwater in their mothers' wombs.[7] The myth was built partly on Paul Gilroy's The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (1993), according to Kodwo Eshun.[8]

In 1997, Drexciya released a compilation album, The Quest.[9] The duo released three studio albums, Neptune's Lair (1999), Harnessed the Storm (2002), and Grava 4 (2002).[10]


In 2017, experimental hip hop group clipping. released "The Deep", a song based on the Drexciya story and inspired by their sound.


Studio albums[edit]

Compilation albums[edit]

  • The Quest (1997), Submerge
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller I (2011), Clone
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller II (2012), Clone
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller III (2013), Clone
  • Journey of the Deep Sea Dweller IV (2013), Clone


  • Deep Sea Dweller (1992), Shockwave Records
  • Drexciya 2: Bubble Metropolis (1993), Underground Resistance
  • Drexciya 3: Molecular Enhancement (1994), Rephlex, Submerge
  • Drexciya 4: The Unknown Aquazone (1994), Submerge
  • Aquatic Invasion (1994), Underground Resistance
  • The Journey Home (1995), Warp Records
  • The Return of Drexciya (1996), Underground Resistance
  • Uncharted (1997), Somewhere in Detroit
  • Hydro Doorways (2000), Tresor


  • "Fusion Flats" (2000), Tresor
  • "Digital Tsunami" (2001), Tresor
  • "Drexciyan R.E.S.T. Principle" (2002), Clone


  1. ^ "James Marcel Stinson - Biography".
  2. ^ "James Stinson 1969-2002 - An Appreciation".
  3. ^ Rubin, Mike (October 1998). "A Tale of Two Cities". Spin. pp. 104–109. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  4. ^ Gaskins, Nettrice (2016). "Deep Sea Dwellers: Drexciya and the Sonic Third Space" (PDF). Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures. 10 (2). doi:10.21463/shima.10.2.08.
  5. ^ Samuels, A. J. (30 May 2013). "Master Organism: A.J. Samuels interviews Gerald Donald". Electronic Beats. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  6. ^ Womack, Ytasha (2013). Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture. Chicago Review Press. p. 70. ISBN 9781613747995.
  7. ^ "Interview with Kodwo Eshun of the Otolith Group". Art Practical. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  8. ^ Eshun, Kodwo (2003). "Further Considerations of Afrofuturism". CR: The New Centennial Review. 3 (2): 287–302. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  9. ^ Beta, Andy (22 June 2012). "Drexciya's Imaginary Soundtrack for Science Fiction". MTV. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  10. ^ Beta, Andy (16 October 2014). "Drexciya / Transllusion: Neptune's Lair / The Opening of the Cerebral Gate". Pitchfork. Retrieved 13 March 2017.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]