Drosh

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Dros
town
Dros is located in Pakistan
Dros
Dros
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 35°34′N 071°46′E / 35.567°N 71.767°E / 35.567; 71.767Coordinates: 35°34′N 071°46′E / 35.567°N 71.767°E / 35.567; 71.767
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Chitral District
Government
Area
 • Total 20 sq mi (51 km2)
Elevation 4,459 ft (1,359 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 174,860
Time zone UTC+5
Website Official website

Dros also called Drosh (Urdu: دروش‎), was formerly a town of Badakhshan province of Afghanistan now is a part of Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

History[edit]

In ancient times, Dros town was part of Badakhshan and property of Mehtar of chitral. Mehtar was appointing his close relative as governor of Drosh. At the regime of the great mehtar of chitral (Aman ul Mulk) Mehtarxav Kohkan Baig was governor of Drosh. After 14 years his attitude change and quit to Afghanistan and Mehtar Aman Ul Mulk appointed his son Shahzada Shah ul Mulk as governor of Drosh in 1872. Shahzada Shah ul Mulk was governor of Drosh from 1872 to 1892. During that time Drosh province was from Broze to Chaqansarai (Afghanistan). After the murder of Prince shah ul Mulk, mehtar xav Kohkan baig became governor of Drosh for second time. In this stage Umara Khan of Jandol accupied Drosh fort. From 1892 to 1932 there was no strong governor of Drosh. 1932 Mehtar Shuja Ul Mulk appointed his son Shahzada Hissam Ul Mulk as Governor of Drosh. He was very strong Governor with full power. He remain Governor till 1969. and 1969 Chitral state was merged with Pakistan.[2]

Geography[edit]

Drosh is located on 35° 33' 33" N and 71° 47' 44" E on the banks of the Landai Sin River (Bashgal River) just above its intersection with the Kunar River (Chitral River), along the Drosh-Jalalabad Road. The Drosh-Jalalabad Road, including water traffic along the Kunar, used to be part of a major trade route from India to Kabul. Drosh is built on river benches that rise above the agricultural fields next to the two rivers.

The land is fertile and

Demography[edit]

Ethnically most residents are kho, and Pashtuns.

Khowar and Pashto languages are the language spoken by the majority of the people in Drosh. As Drosh is low elevation and is the large village in Chitral District on the traditional trade route to Drosh-Jalalabad road.

After khowar Pashto also spoken and understood. Because most of the Pashto speakers are from the surrounding areas like Dir, Afghanistan they settled there.

Climate[edit]

The climate in Drosh is warm and temperate. The rain in Drosh falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. This location is classified as Csa by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature in Drosh is 17.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 676 mm. Drosh has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with hot, mostly dry summers and cool moist winters with some snow.

Climate data for Drosh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
31.0
(87.8)
37.5
(99.5)
42.5
(108.5)
47.3
(117.1)
47.2
(117)
45.1
(113.2)
42.0
(107.6)
37.6
(99.7)
30.5
(86.9)
22.6
(72.7)
47.3
(117.1)
Average high °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
10.7
(51.3)
16.2
(61.2)
22.7
(72.9)
29.0
(84.2)
35.9
(96.6)
36.8
(98.2)
35.8
(96.4)
32.9
(91.2)
26.7
(80.1)
19.2
(66.6)
11.4
(52.5)
23.9
(75)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5.8
(42.4)
10.5
(50.9)
16.5
(61.7)
22.1
(71.8)
28.4
(83.1)
30.0
(86)
29.1
(84.4)
25.5
(77.9)
19.2
(66.6)
12.6
(54.7)
6.6
(43.9)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
0.8
(33.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.2
(50.4)
15.2
(59.4)
20.9
(69.6)
23.2
(73.8)
22.3
(72.1)
18.0
(64.4)
11.7
(53.1)
6.1
(43)
1.7
(35.1)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) −11
(12)
−8.6
(16.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.8
(37)
11.0
(51.8)
11.5
(52.7)
11.0
(51.8)
5.6
(42.1)
0.0
(32)
−3.2
(26.2)
−7.6
(18.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.1
(1.657)
68.0
(2.677)
112.8
(4.441)
116.3
(4.579)
67.8
(2.669)
14.4
(0.567)
21.9
(0.862)
22.3
(0.878)
22.4
(0.882)
27.8
(1.094)
25.7
(1.012)
46.5
(1.831)
588.0
(23.15)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:00 PST) 41.9 40.3 37.6 32.6 25.3 18.3 23.5 27.1 23.8 24.0 26.5 37.4 29.86
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.1 138.7 160.4 195.1 269.2 306.8 306.5 286.0 245.2 222.7 195.9 140.3 2,611.9
Source #1: NOAA[3]
Source #2: Pakistan Meteorological Department (records and humidity)[4]

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Frontier Corps Public School & College
  • Govt Higher Secondary School Drosh (Boys)
  • Govt High School Drosh
  • Govt Girls high School Drosh
  • Govt Girls Degree College kotgal gol Drosh
  • Drosh Public School & degree college Drosh
  • Hira model school, degree College & College of education Drosh
  • Jinnah Public School & degree College Drosh
  • The learner's School Drosh
  • Iqra Hadiqat-ul-atfal school Drosh
  • AFAQ public school drosh
  • Muslim Model School Drosh
  • RITE(Regional Institute for teachers training) Drosh

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cellsaa.com/post-code-area/CHITRAL
  2. ^ http://www.mahraka.com/ghufran/tarikh-2.html
  3. ^ "Drosh Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Drosh Climate Data". Pakistan Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 

External links[edit]