Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth

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The Lord Tweedmouth
Member of the Westminster Parliament
for Berwick-upon-Tweed
In office
1853 – May 1859
Preceded byJohn Stapleton and Matthew Forster
Succeeded byCharles William Gordon and Ralph Anstruther Earle
In office
August 1859 – 1868
Preceded byCharles William Gordon and Ralph Anstruther Earle
Succeeded byJohn Stapleton and Viscount Bury
Personal details
Born29 December 1820
Died4 March 1894 (aged 73)
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Isabella Weir Hogg
ChildrenEdward, Mary, Stewart, Annie, Ishbel, Coutts, Archibald
Alma materHarrow, Christ Church, Oxford
Occupationpolitician: Member of Parliament; member of the Lords
CabinetLiberal party

Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth, also known as the Laird of Guisachan and Glenaffric,[1][2] (29 December 1820 – 4 March 1894), was a Scottish businessman and a Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1853 until 1880, when he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Tweedmouth. He was the breeder of the first golden retriever.


Marjoribanks was the son of Edward Marjoribanks of Greenlands who was a senior partner in Coutts Bank.[3] He was unable to acquire the partnership in the Bank (it passed to his elder brother Edward) but he inherited a substantial fortune from his father, a partner in Coutts & Co Bank from 1796 until his death on 17 September 1868, aged 92. As to his parentage there was some controversy. Although the Lyon Office of Scotland registered his family pedigree, he was accused of being a charlatan. The disproofs were offered as a statement of contradiction concerning his descent.[4] Burnett of the Lyon's Herald wrote an article in The Genealogist upholding the Lyon Office's original assertion of genuine authenticity.[5]

Dudley Coutts, as his banking second name implies, acquired considerable family wealth of his own after the purchase of Meux Brewery. He grew rich as a partner of Meux & Co's brewery, and later a director of the East India Company. With some of this wealth he built the mansion of Brook House in London's fashionable Park Lane and, by 1846, had purchased the highland deer forest of Guisachan in Glen Affric, Inverness-shire,[6] and the substantial estates of Hutton and Eddington near his family roots in Berwickshire. Marjoribanks had large kennels at Guisachan and was largely responsible for developing the then new breed of dog, known now as the golden retriever.[7][8]

He married Isabella Hogg, daughter of Sir James Hogg, Bt, in 1848. Their children were:[9]

Marjoribanks was descended from James Marjoribanks, a younger son of Thomas Marjoribanks of Ratho, head of the lowland Clan Marjoribanks, both of whom lived in the 16th century in Edinburgh.[3][10]


  1. ^ "Golden Retriever". dog-names.org.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2017. Golden Retriever History: Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth (29 December 1820 – 4 March 1894), also known as the Laird of Guisachan and Glenaffric, is credited with developing the Golden Retriever at his Guisachan estate in the Scottish Highlands.
  2. ^ "Lairds of Glen Affric". scotland.forestry.gov.uk. Forestry Commission. Retrieved 24 May 2016. The lairds (of Guisachan and Glenaffric, including the original Clan Chisholm and, later, Lord Tweedmouth) who controlled how land was managed in Affric have had a major influence on the look and life of the place...
  3. ^ a b Marjoribanks, Roger. "Marjoribanks of Lees", The Marjoribanks Journal Number 3, p. 14, June 1995. Accessed on 22 May 2010
  4. ^ Foster, R. F, "Collectanea Generalis", part 8, pp. 61-72
  5. ^ The Genealogist magazine, vol. 6, pp. 294-303
  6. ^ "Glen Affric". 2019 Forestry and Land Scotland. Retrieved 30 August 2019. Sir Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, was a rich Liberal MP who took a long lease on shooting rights over much of Glen Affric in 1846, paying £3,000 per year for the privilege: about £130,000 in today's money
  7. ^ Golden Retrievers: History
  8. ^ Lord Tweedmouth Memorial
  9. ^ Pine, Leslie Gilbert, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms. London: Heraldry Today, 1972, ISBN 9780900455230
  10. ^ Marjoribanks, Roger, Marjoribanks - A Rural Family in the Capital, The Scottish Genealogist, December 2010, Accessed 4 April 2012


External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed
With: John Forster, 1853–1857
John Stapleton, 1857–1859
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed
With: Charles William Gordon, 1859–1863
William Cargill, 1863–1865
Alexander Mitchell, 1865–1868
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed
With: David Milne Home, 1874–1880
Henry Strutt, 1880
David Milne Home, 1880–1885
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Tweedmouth
Succeeded by
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Guisachan)
Succeeded by