Dugesiidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dugesiidae
Girardia and Dugesia.jpg
Girardia sp. (top) and Dugesia sp. (down)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Rhabditophora
Order: Tricladida
Suborder: Continenticola
Superfamily: Geoplanoidea
Family: Dugesiidae
Ball, 1974
Genera[1][2]

Dugesiidae is a family of freshwater Tricladida distributed worldwide (except Antarctica). According to molecular analyses, Dugesiidae is the sister group of land planarians.[3][4]

The type genus is Dugesia Girard, 1850.[5]

Phylogeny[edit]

Phylogenetic supertree including all major triclad groups after Sluys et al., 2009:[1]

Tricladida

Maricola




Cavernicola


Continenticola
Planarioidea

Planariidae




Kenkiidae



Dendrocoelidae




Geoplanoidea

Dugesiidae



Geoplanidae






Phylogenetic tree including five dugesiid genera after Álvarez-Presas et al., 2008:[4]

Dugesiidae

Girardia




Neppia




Cura




Schmidtea



Dugesia






References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sluys, R.; Kawakatsu, M.; Riutort, M.; Baguñà, J. (2009). "A new higher classification of planarian flatworms (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida)". Journal of Natural History. 43 (29–30): 1763–1777. doi:10.1080/00222930902741669. 
  2. ^ Sluys, R.; Solà, E.; Gritzalis, K.; Vila-Farré, M.; Mateos, E.; Riutort, M. (2013). "Integrative delineation of species of Mediterranean freshwater planarians (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida: Dugesiidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 169 (3): 523. doi:10.1111/zoj.12077. 
  3. ^ Carranza, S.; Littlewood, D. T.; Clough, K. A.; Ruiz-Trillo, I.; Baguñà, J.; Riutort, M. (1998). "A robust molecular phylogeny of the Tricladida (Platyhelminthes: Seriata) with a discussion on morphological synapomorphies". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 265 (1396): 631–640. PMC 1689013Freely accessible. PMID 9881470. doi:10.1098/rspb.1998.0341. 
  4. ^ a b Álvarez-Presas, M.; Baguñà, J.; Riutort, M. (2008). "Molecular phylogeny of land and freshwater planarians (Tricladida, Platyhelminthes): From freshwater to land and back". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 47 (2): 555–568. PMID 18359250. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.01.032. 
  5. ^ Ball, I. R.: A contribution to the phylogeny and biogeography of the freshwater triclads (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria). Biology of the Turbellaria (Edited by: Riser NW and Morse MP). New York: McGraw-Hill New York 1974, 339-401.