Duke Wen of Qi

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Duke Wen of Qi
Ruler of Qi
Reign 815–804 BC
Predecessor Duke Li of Qi
Successor Duke Cheng of Qi
Died 804 BC
Full name
Ancestral name: Jiang (姜)
Clan name: Lü (呂)
Given name: Chi (赤)
House House of Jiang
Father Duke Li of Qi

Duke Wen of Qi (Chinese: 齊文公; pinyin: Qí Wén Gōng; died 804 BC) was from 815 to 804 BC the tenth recorded ruler of the State of Qi during the Western Zhou Dynasty of ancient China. His personal name was Lü Chi (呂赤), ancestral name Jiang (), and Duke Wen was his posthumous title.[1][2]

Duke Wen's father Duke Li of Qi was a despotic ruler, and in 816 BC the people of Qi rebelled and tried to make the son of Duke Hu of Qi, Duke Li's grand-uncle, the new ruler. Duke Li was killed by the rebels, but Duke Hu's son also died in the fighting. Subsequently, Duke Wen ascended the throne, and executed 70 people who were responsible for his father's death.[1][2]

Duke Wen reigned for 12 years and died in 804 BC. He was succeeded by his son, Duke Cheng of Qi.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c Sima Qian. 齐太公世家 [House of Duke Tai of Qi]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Guoxue.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Han Zhaoqi (韩兆琦), ed. (2010). Shiji (史记) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 2512–2514. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3. 
Duke Wen of Qi
Died: 804 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Duke Li of Qi
Duke of Qi
815–804 BC
Succeeded by
Duke Cheng of Qi