Dushdi Mala Medal

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Dushdi Mala Medal
Dushdi Mala Medal (worn by King Vajiravudh).jpg
The Dushdi Mala Medal, as worn by King Vajiravudh (c. 1920)
Awarded by the Monarch of Thailand
TypeMedal
Awarded forOutstanding expertise in the arts and sciences
StatusActive
Statistics
Established1882
Precedence
Next (higher)Santi Mala Medal
Next (lower)Medal for Service Rendered in the Interior

The Dushdi Mala Medal (Thai: เหรียญดุษฎีมาลา, RTGSDutsadi Mala) is a civil decoration in the honours system of Thailand, and the highest-ranked medal among those granted for services to the state. The award was established by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in 1882 to celebrate the centennial of the Rattanakosin Kingdom. Originally given in five categories, each with an associated pin attached as a medal bar, today it is only awarded for distinguished services in the domains of the arts and sciences, which is denoted by the Pin of Arts and Science (Sinlapa Witthaya).

History[edit]

Thailand's modern honours system was established by King Mongkut (Rama IV, r. 1851–1868) and formalized by King Chulalongkorn in 1869. In 1882, to celebrate the centennial of the Rattanakosin Kingdom, Chulalongkorn created the Order of the Royal House of Chakri and the Dushdi Mala Medal. While the royal order would be granted only to members of the Royal Family, the medal was to be awarded for merit, both to military personnel and civilians, regardless of social rank.[1]

The medal was originally granted in five categories, each with a particular pin to be attached as a medal bar. They were: Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong (ราชการในพระองค์), for personal service to the king; Ratchakan Phaendin (ราชการแผ่นดิน), for service to the country; Sinlapa Witthaya (ศิลปวิทยา), for inventions benefiting the country, authorship advancing scientific knowledge, or expertise in a craft; Khwam Karuna (ความกรุณา), for charitable acts; and Klahan (กล้าหาญ), for acts of bravery in the military.[1]

When King Vajiravudh succeeded Chualongkorn in 1910, he created the Vajira Mala Order as his award for personal service, replacing the Dushdi Mala's use in that category. Other decorations likewise eventually rendered the three other categories of the Dushdi Mala redundant.[1] In 1941 a new act of parliament was issued, repealing and replacing the original act. The new act modified the appearance of the medal, and removed the other categories of the award, leaving only the Sinlapa Witthaya pin to be granted to those exhibiting expertise in the arts and sciences.[2]

By law, the Dushdi Mala Medal is granted at the discretion of the king, and this was followed in actual practice during its early years. As the academia advanced and the civil service grew, additional regulations were created to formalize the process. A 1928 regulation stipulated that the ministries would be responsible for the nomination of government officials under its command, subject to approval from the Royal Society.[1] By 1978, this was again rewritten to allow non-government-employees to be nominated.[3]

Appearance[edit]

The medal, with civilian ribbon, as worn by Princess Sirindhorn

The Dushdi Mala Medal is oval-shaped. While the original medal could be made of any material, it is now made of gilded silver, according to the 1941 act. The obverse shows a portrait of King Chulalongkorn, with a laurel wreath below. On the reverse side is an image of Siam Devadhiraj, the guardian god of the country, standing on a platform, supporting the escutcheon (shield) of the coat of arms of Siam and holding a phuang malai (garland) above the name of the recipient. Below the platform is the number ๑๒๔๔ (1244), the Chulasakarat year of the medal's creation. The original medal also displayed the phrases "จุลาลังกรณว๎หัส๎ส บรมราชาธิราชิโน" (Pali for "Of the great king, whose name is Chulalongkorn") along the top border on the obverse and "สยามิน๎ทปรมราชตุฏธิป๎ปเวทนํอิทํ" ("This medal is a symbol of the pleasure of the great king, the King Siam") on the reverse, as well as "สัพเพสํ สํฆภูตานํ สามัคคีวุฏฒิสาธิกา" ("The unity of a people come together as a party shall be a guarantor of prosperity") engraved along the rim.[1] Original medals are also signed "J.S. & A.B. WYON SC" in minute characters beneath the royal portrait.[4]

The medal is attached to a suspension device in the shape of a crossed Sword of Victory and Royal Staff beneath a plate bearing the words "ทรงยินดี" ("with royal pleasure"). The ribbon is 3 centimetres (1.2 in) wide, red and white for military and police personnel, white and pink for civilians. The Sinlapa Witthaya pin is a bar with the words "ศิลปวิทยา" ("arts and sciences") and lotus motifs on both ends.[1]

Conferment[edit]

According to the 1978 regulation and its later amendments, nominees should have created or greatly improved upon knowledge, systems, processes or inventions, or demonstrated outstanding expertise and fame in the arts and sciences, with their work having exhibited great benefit to the country. Nominations may be put forward by the ministries, the Office of the National Research Council, the Royal Society, university councils, professional organizations, and previous awardees in the same field. The nominations are considered by a special committee, which will make a recommendation for the prime minister to forward to the Royal Household.[3]

The medal is awarded by the King of Thailand, or by an appointee on behalf of the king. Conferred medals are property of the recipient and their heirs, but may be revoked in case of misconduct unbefitting of the award.[2]

Recipients[edit]

1882–1941[edit]

Name Medal Pin Awarded for Year
Luang Wathitborathet Silver Sinlapa Witthaya The trumpet 1885[5]
Nai Pleng (Pleng Vebhara [th]) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Completing barrister-at-law education from England 1887[6][7]
M.R. Suwaphan Sanidvongs Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Completing medical education in Europe 1887[8]
Manu Amatyakul, son of Mot Krasapanakitkoson, royal page Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Work with silver- and goldware 1887[8]
M.R. Sanit Sinlapa Witthaya Construction 1889[9]
Prince Devawongse Varoprakar Gilded Sinlapa Witthaya Arithmetic and calendars, etc. 1891[10]
Prince Sapphasat Supphakit Gilded Sinlapa Witthaya Construction 1891[10]
Prince Damrong Rajanubhab Gilded Sinlapa Witthaya Textbook writing 1891[10]
Prince Narisara Nuwattiwong Gilded Sinlapa Witthaya Painting 1891[10]
Luang Lekhawichan Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Painting 1891[10]
Khun Chayasathitsakon (Thongdi Chitragani, son of Francis Chit) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Photography 1891[10]
Nai Thong Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Painting 1891[10]
Nai Chang Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Painting 1891[10]
Nai Yai Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Painting 1891[10]
Nai Waeo Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Sculpture 1891[10]
Nai Chen Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Carving 1891[10]
Nai Em Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Goldsmithing 1891[10]
Nai Khamkhao Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1891[10]
Nai Thim Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1891[10]
Nai Kan Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1891[10]
Nai Lae Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1891[10]
Khun Prasoetaksoranit (Phae Talalak) Sinlapa Witthaya 1892[11]
Khun Phromraksa (Kon Hongsakun) Sinlapa Witthaya 1893[12]
Inthawichayanon, King of Chiang Mai Gilded Ratchakan Phaendin 1893[13]
Phraya Ritthisongkhramramphakdi (Abdul Hamid Halim of Kedah) Gilded Ratchakan Phaendin 1893[13]
Chaophraya Rattanabodin Ratchakan Phaendin 1893[14]
Phraya Phetcharaphibannaruebet (That), Ruler of Nong Chik Ratchakan Phaendin 1894[15]
Prince Svasti Sobhana Gilded silver Ratchakan Phaendin 1895[16]
Sinlapa Witthaya 1895[16]
Phraya Wisutsuriyasak (M.R. Pia Malakul) Silver ? 1895[16]
Dr Bastian (Adolf Bastian?) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya Writing 1896[17]
Nai Chuen, royal page, son of Phraya Thipkosa Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1896[18]
Sinlapa Witthaya 1896[18]
Phraya Siharatdechochai (To) Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1897[19]
Phra Rattanakosa (Lek) Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1897[19]
Nai Kuat Humphrae (M.L. Wara) Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1897[19]
Nai Phinairatchakit Humphrae (On) Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1897[19]
Nai Suchinda Humphrae (Chom) Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1897[19]
Nai Phoem, royal page Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1897[19]
Phraya Wutthikanbodi (M.R. Khli Sudasna) Ratchakan Phaendin 1898[20]
Phraya Seninarongrit (Tunku Abdul Aziz), Raja Muda of Saiburi (Kedah) Ratchakan Phaendin 1898[20]
Luang Ramphaiphongboriphat (Chit), Railway Department Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1898[21]
Luang Thoralekthurakari (Khem), head of the Telegraph Department Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1898[21]
Luang Praisanithuranurak (Hem), head of the Postal Department Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1898[21]
Nai Chuprian, Ministry of Public Instruction Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1898[21]
Phraya Ratchawaranukun (Uam) Silver Ratchakan Phaendin 1898[21]
La-o Krairiksh, royal page, son of Phraya Phetcharat Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1898[21]
Phraya Wichitphakdi (Kham), Governor of Chaiya Silver ? 1898[22]
Phraya Manunetibanhan (Chin), Ministry of Justice Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1898[23]
Monsieur Recami(?) painter inspector, Paris Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1899[24]
Luang Phaisansinlapasat (Sanan Devahastin na Ayudhya) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1899[25]
Nai Chamnankrabuan (Phan), Ministry of Interior Silver Ratchakan Phaendin 1899[26]
Chao Bunyawatwongmanit (Bunyawong), King of Lampang Ratchakan Phaendin 1900[27]
Khun Udomphakdi (Klan), Ministry of Defence Silver Ratchakan Phaendin 1900[28]
Tat Charurat, royal page, son of Luang Chamnibannakhom Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[29]
Phraya Wichiankhiri, Governor-general of Songkhla Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[30]
W. G. Johnson, Department of Education Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[31]
Prince Abhakara Kiartiwongse Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[32]
Luang Prasitpatima Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[33]
Luang Pratiyatnawayut Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[34]
Mom Pharotracha (M.R. To Montrikul) Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[35]
Prince Maruphong Siriphat Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1900[36]
Khun Wichanchakkit (William Bunyakalin), Naval Department Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[36]
Mon Chatdetudom (M.R. Sathan Sanidvongs) Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[37]
Luang Sarasatphonkhan (G. E. Gerini) Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[37]
Khun Chayasathitsakon (Sa-at Chitragani) Sinlapa Witthaya 1900[37]
Phraya Wisetsongkhram (Sot Sapi), Ruler of Perlis(?) Ratchakan Phaendin 1900[38]
Prince Prani (Mahakul), son of Prince Mahitsawarinramet Sinlapa Witthaya 1901[39]
Dr H. Adamsen Sinlapa Witthaya 1901[39]
Phra Wasuthep (G. Schau), head of the provincial police department Ratchakan Phaendin 1901[40]
Chinaman San, carpenter, Naval Department Sinlapa Witthaya 1901[41]
Prince Boworadet, Army Department Sinlapa Witthaya 1901[42]
Luang Chitsorakan (Chit) Ratchakan Phaendin 1902[43]
Khun Ritsoraphloeng Sinlapa Witthaya 1902[44]
Phra Sithitnimankan (M.R. Chit Israsakdi) Sinlapa Witthaya 1902[45]
Phraya Anuchitchanchai (Sai Sinhaseni) Silver Ratchakan Phaendin 1903[46]
King Vajiravudh (as Crown Prince) Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[46]
Prince Paribatra Sukhumbandhu Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[46]
Prince Chakrabongse Bhuvanath Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[46]
Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse Gold
(replacement)
Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[46]
Prince Prachak Sinlapakhom Gilded Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[46]
M.R. Suk, turner, son of Prince Chansuthep Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[47]
Nai Chan, painter Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[47]
Luang Lokathip (Chum), head of the rear astrologer's department Sinlapa Witthaya 1903[48]
Khun Luang Phra Kraisi (Thiam Bunnag), Ministry of Justice Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1904[49]
Nai Chot, Ministry of Justice Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1904[50]
Mr Carter Sinlapa Witthaya 1904[51]
Prince Nares Varariddhi Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1904[52]
Khun Saman Thatwisut (Plian Kanchanaran) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1905[53]
Mom Rentharacha (M.R. Sit Sudasna) Sinlapa Witthaya 1905[54]
Prince Purachatra Jayakara Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1905[55]
Phraya Suriyanuwat (Koet Bunnag) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1905[55]
Ratchakan Phaendin 1905[55]
Nai Li, carver Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1905[56]
Chaophraya Surasakmontri (Choem Saeng-Xuto) Silver Ratchakan Nai Phra-ong 1906[57]
Ratchakan Phaendin 1906[57]
Klahan 1906[57]
Prince Yugala Dighambara Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1906[58]
Prince Vudhijaya Chalermlabha Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1906[58]
Phra Rathachanprachak (Mora) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1908[59]
Khun Sanoduriyang (Cham Sundaravadin) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1908[60]
Luang Chindapihrom (Riap) Sinlapa Witthaya 1908[61]
Prince Dilok Nabarath Gold Sinlapa Witthaya 1908[62]
Phra Ratchadetphakdi (Bua) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1909[63]
Prince Narathip Praphanphong Gilded Sinlapa Witthaya 1909[64]
Luang Phuwanatnarueban (Phad Devahastin na Ayudhya) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[65]
Luang Phruetthisanprasit (Amphon) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[66]
Prince Damrong (Pramoja), son of Prince Worachak Tharanuphap Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[66]
Prince Anuchat Suksawat (Sukhasvasti), son of Prince Adison Udomdet Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[66]
Nai Chan, enameler Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[66]
Mr Grallert(?), goldsmith Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[66]
Prince Chalatlop Loesan (Kamalāsana), son of Prince Ratchasak Samoson Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[67]
M.R. To Navavongs, son of Prince Thanom and grandson of Prince Mahesuan Siwawilat Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[67]
Prince Chatchusak (Dvivongs), son of Prince Phutharet Thamrongsak Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[68]
Luang Niphatkunlaphong (Chin Bunnag) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[68]
Luang Samitlekha (Plang Vibhatasilpin) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[68]
Mom Anurutthewa (M.R. Saiyut Sanidvongs) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[69]
Prince Thongchueathammachat (Thongthaem), son of Prince Sapphasat Supphakit Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1910[69]
Luang Theprotchana (Sin Patimaprakara) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[70]
Luang Prasan Duriyasak (Plaek Prasansabda) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[70]
Phraya Samosonsapphakan (That Sirisambhandh) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[70]
Luang Rabamphasa (Thongbai Suvarnabharata) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[71]
Luang Nattakanurak (Thongdi Suvarnabharata) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[71]
Luang Phamnaknatnikon (Phoem Sugrivaka) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[71]
Prince Setsiri (Kritakara), son of Prince Nares Varariddhi Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1911[72]
Prince Phanthuprawat (Kshemasanta), son of Prince Phromwaranurak Sinlapa Witthaya 1912[73]
Luang Aphibanphuwanat (Chamrat) Sinlapa Witthaya 1912[73]
Luang Phinitnitinai (Boonchuay Vanikkul) Sinlapa Witthaya 1912[74]
Luang Chintaphirom (Chit na Songkla) Sinlapa Witthaya 1912[74]
Nai Hatbamroe Humphraephiset (Sahat) Sinlapa Witthaya 1912[74]
Luang Thepphayon (Chamrat Yantraprakara) Sinlapa Witthaya 1912[74]
Luang Praditphichankan (Kon Hutasinha) Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[74]
Phra Aphirakratcharit (Son Saraketu) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[75]
Luang Aphibanburimsak (M.L. Thotsathit Israsena) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[75]
Luang Ratchadarunrak (Soen Panyarjun) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[75]
Luang Phlengphairo (Som), theatre department Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[75]
Nai Bua, theatre department Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[75]
Phra Thip Chaksusat (Nim), Ministry of Palace Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[76]
Prince Thongthikhayu (Thongyai), son of Prince Prachak Sinlapakhom Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[77]
Phraya Methathibodi (Sat Suddhasthira) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[78]
Phra Thip Chaksusat (Sun Sundaravej) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1913[78]
Phraya Boranratchathanin (Phon Tejagupta) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[79]
Phraya Burinawarat (Chuan Sinhaseni) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[79]
Phraya Narinthraphon (Plian Suvarnaprakara) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[79]
Louis Gilone(?), painter, sanitation department Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[79]
Luang Saksanyawut (Suni Suwannaprathip) Silver Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[79]
Phra Phadungsakhonsat (Sansoen Sukhayanga) Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[80]
Luang Pradiyatnawayut (Sri Kamalanavin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[81]
Luang Hansamut (Bunmi Bandhumanavin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[81]
Luang Nithetkonlakit (In) Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[81]
Luang Chainawa (Thanom Sukragupta) Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[81]
Prince Sithiporn Kritakara, son of Prince Nares Varariddhi Sinlapa Witthaya 1914[82]
Luang Yotawut (Rattana Awut) Sinlapa Witthaya 1915[82]
Luang Awutsikhikon (Long Sinsuk) Sinlapa Witthaya 1915[82]
Luang Thayanphikhat (Thip Ketudat) Sinlapa Witthaya 1915[82]
E. Manfredi Sinlapa Witthaya 1915[83]
Aep Raktaprachita Sinlapa Witthaya 1915[84]
E. Healey Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[84]
L. R. de la Mahotiere, sanitation engineer Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[85]
Luang Chamnnanyotha (Daeng Chulasen) Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[86]
Phraya Butsayarotbodi (Thapthim Amatyakul) Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[87]
Luang Prachanakonkit (Pleng Jotimaya) Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[87]
Luang Nawiworasa (Yuen Navisthira) Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[87]
Khun Dontribanleng (Un Turyajivin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[87]
Carlo Rigoli Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[87]
Luang Sakdaphonlarak (Chuen Buddhibaedya) Sinlapa Witthaya 1916[88]
Prince Kawiphotsupricha Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[89]
Phraya Photchanasunthon (Rueang Atipremananda) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[89]
Luang Chenchinakson Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[89]
Prince Dhani Nivat (Sonakul), son of Prince Phitthayalap Phruetthithada Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[90]
Phraya Nonthisensurenphakdi (Maek Syenasevi) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[90]
Phra Sunthonlikhit (Tom Bunnag) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[90]
Prince Khechorn Charasriddhi (Kritakara), son of Prince Nares Varariddhi Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[91]
Luang Si Bancha (Thuan Dharmajiva) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[91]
Luang Saritkanbanchong (Saman Panyarjun) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[92]
Luang Prakatkonlasin (Phin Puranayukti) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[92]
Luang Yutthakanbancha (Chuea Udomsin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[93]
Prince Vudhijaya Chalermlabha (Previously awarded) Ratchakan Phaendin 1917[94]
Phra Prachanakonkit (Chum Yantrakovida) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[94]
Luang Aphibanburimsak (Phian Taitilanon) Sinlapa Witthaya 1917[94]
Phraya Prasitsupphakan (M.L. Fuea Phungbun) Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[95]
Luang Chopkrabuanyut (Chit Yuvanatemiya) Ratchakan Phaendin 1918[95]
A. Marcan, Royal Treasury Ministry Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[95]
Niam Vajrasthira Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[96]
Alphonse Poix, royal physician Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[97]
Phra Borombatbamrung (Phin Srivardhana) Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[98]
Damri Amatyakul Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[99]
Luang Songwichai (Charoen Chanchai) Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[99]
Prince Iddhidebsarn (Kritakara), son of Prince Nares Varariddhi Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[100]
Prince Wibunsawatwong, son of Prince Sommot Amonphan Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[100]
Phra Praditphairo (Ewan Warasiri) Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[100]
Phra Manwaratsewi (Plot na Songkla) Sinlapa Witthaya 1918[100]
Luang Atthakanlayanawak (Wan Chamaraman) Sinlapa Witthaya 1919[101]
Khun Prasoethatthakit (Sai Limpiransi) Sinlapa Witthaya 1919[102]
Phraya Photchanapricha (M.R. Samroeng Israsakdi) Sinlapa Witthaya 1919[103]
Luang Kamchonchaturong (At Indrayodhin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1919[104]
Siri Indrabala Sinlapa Witthaya 1919[105]
Chaophraya Bodindechanuchit (M.R. Arun Chatrakul) Ratchakan Phaendin 1919[106]
Chaiphraya Aphairachamahayuttithamthon (M.R. Lop Sudasna) Ratchakan Phaendin 1919[106]
Chaophraya Thammathikonnathibodi (M.R. Pum Malakul) Ratchakan Phaendin 1919[106]
Chaophraya Wongsanupraphat (M.R. Sathan Sanidvongs) Ratchakan Phaendin 1919[106]
Luang Inthapanya (Wong Latphli) Sinlapa Witthaya 1919[106]
Luang Nimitlekha (Chai Thiamsinchai) Sinlapa Witthaya 1920[106]
Alfonso Tonarelli, Fine Arts Department Sinlapa Witthaya 1920[106]
Luang Konlakanchenchit (Phao Vasuvat) Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[107]
Prince Sukprarop (Kamalāsana), son of Prince Ratchasak Samoson Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[107]
Luang Sathianthapanakit (Duang Bunnag) Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[107]
Yon Yaiprayun Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[107]
Wongchan Vimuktananda Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[108]
Prince Paribatra Sukhumbandhu (Previously awarded) Ratchakan Phaendin 1921[109]
Luang Narongsongkhram (Thep Bandhumasena) Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[110]
Chom Ubon Ramakomut Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[110]
George Coedes, Ministry of Education Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[111]
Prince Wan Waithayakon, son of Prince Narathip Praphanphong Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[111]
Phra Anukromchittrayon (Phum Sucharitraka) Sinlapa Witthaya 1921[111]
Khun Thepphalaklekha (Sa Hutabara) Sinlapa Witthaya 1922[112]
Prince Ninpraphat (Kshemasrī), son of Prince Thiwakon Wongprawat Sinlapa Witthaya 1922[113]
Cecil Thomas Sinlapa Witthaya Creating a sculpture of the king 1922[114]
Luang Phrombancha (Phrom Suwannasathian) Sinlapa Witthaya 1922[115]
Luang Siphonphitthayaphon (M.L. Urai Israsena) Sinlapa Witthaya 1922[115]
Luang Yongyiangkhru (Chio Ramanatta) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[116]
Khun Songnatchawithi (Run Arunanat) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[116]
Luang Suwannakitchamnan (Wet Silpikula) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[116]
Luang Chamnikonlakan (Cha Phothithap) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[117]
Phra Prichachonlachon (Wan Charubha) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Phra Ritthikhamron (Thiap Nairuea) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Chalamphisaiseni (Chalaem Sthirasilpin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Maensorachak (Maen Pritikhanishtha) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Sitthidetsamutkhan (Sai Nabasthira) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Chakkranukonkit (Wong Sucharitakul) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Konlaphitpraphin (Phat Phatinavin) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Sakhonyutthawichai (Sakhon Siddhisiri) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Chianchensamut (Chian Putrananda) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[118]
Luang Manukanwimonsat (Chom Chamaraman) Sinlapa Witthaya 1923[119]
Prasop Tiranandana, son of Luang Wichitchiaranai (Thongsuk Tiranandana) Sinlapa Witthaya 1924[120]
Sawat Nilanidhi ? 1924[121]
Phraya Anusatphaniyakan (Chalaem Guptaraksha) Sinlapa Witthaya 1924[122]
Luang Sarotrattananimman (Sarot Sukhayang) Sinlapa Witthaya 1924[122]
Phra Prasatthatkan (Kimbi Pranit) Sinlapa Witthaya 1926[123]
Luang Sutthiatthanaruemon (Sut Lekhyananda) Sinlapa Witthaya 1926[123]
Phra Chenduriyang (Peter Feit Vadyakara) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[124]
King Prajadhipok Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[125]
Ratchakan Phaendin 1927[125]
Prince Alongkot Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Phraya Ramronnarong (M.L. Chuai Chatrakul) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Phra Loha-awut (Chu Vajrasthira) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Prince Trithiphetphong Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Phra Sisitthisongkhram (Din Tharap) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Wetchayanrangsarit (Muni Mahasantana) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Prince Nakkhatra Mangala Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Mom Snidvongseni (M.R. Tan Sanidvongs) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Wiphatphumprathet (Ha Hutanukrom) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Phasuthawiphak (Sot Chenphumisat) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Boriphanyutthakit (Phao Phianloet) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Phisansanyakon (M.L. Angkap Sanidvongs) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Athonthurawut (M.L. Aphirum Xumsai) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Luang Neramitphaichayon (Siang Susilawon) Sinlapa Witthaya 1927[126]
Phraya Uppakitsinlapasan (Nim Kanchanajiva) Sinlapa Witthaya 1928[127]
Luang Amnuaisongkhram (Thom Keshakomala) Klahan Death in the line of duty fighting the Boworadet rebellion (posthumous) 1933[128]
Khun Sukaranakseni (Chuea Sukranaga) Klahan 1933[128]
Nuam Thongchanya Klahan 1933[128]
Lamai Kaeonimit Klahan 1933[128]
Sombun Buachom Klahan 1933[128]
Lo Wongphram Klahan 1933[128]
Chalaem Saksiri Klahan 1933[128]
Chua Phueakthungyai Klahan 1933[128]
Thong-in Phueakphasuk Klahan 1933[128]
Chao Suksuai Klahan 1933[128]
Phan Yangsawang Klahan 1933[128]
Chan Suknet Klahan 1933[128]
Bunchuai Sumanmat Klahan 1933[128]
Da Thukhammi Klahan 1933[128]
Lim Ngoencharoen Klahan 1933[128]
Khun Praditsakonkan (Plai Chanpradit) Klahan Death in the line of duty in Nakhon Ratchasima Province (posthumous) 1933[129]
Thong Kaeng-opchoei Klahan 1933[129]
Khun Anwetwirayut (An Khamdet) Sinlapa Witthaya 1934[130]
Luang Katsongkhram (Thian Kengradomying) Klahan 1934[131]
Khun Photsorasak (Phot Junhavan) Klahan 1934[131]
Krasae Phongsuphat Klahan 1934[131]
Tu Charusthira Klahan 1934[131]
Suk Sangphraiwan Klahan 1934[131]
Nun Iamborisut Klahan 1934[131]
Duan Inwong Klahan 1934[131]
Malai Uppaphut Klahan 1934[131]
Singto Sangkat Klahan 1934[131]
Sai Chuprathum Klahan 1934[131]
Nut Angsopha Klahan 1934[132]
Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena (Phot Bahalayodhin) Ratchakan Phaendin 1934[133]
Luang Phibunsongkhram (Plaek Khitasanga) Ratchakan Phaendin 1934[133]
Luang Aduldetcharat (Bat Phuengphrakhun) Ratchakan Phaendin 1935[134]
Luang La-o-phumilak (La-o Bunnag) Sinlapa Witthaya 1935[135]
Phra Aramronnachit (Ot Chulananda) Sinlapa Witthaya 1935[136]
Phra Roengrukpatchamit (Thong Raksa-ngop) Ratchakan Phaendin (Posthumous) 1935[137]
Luang Praditmanutham (Pridi Banomyong) Ratchakan Phaendin 1939[138]
Prince Wan Waithayakon Varavarna (Previously awarded) Ratchakan Phaendin 1939[138]
Chuen Nimitta Klahan 1939[139]
Sanit Tungkhamani Sinlapa Witthaya 1940[140]
Sanit Nuanmani Klahan 1940[141]
Chuan Suksoem Klahan 1940[141]
Chaloem Damsamrit Klahan 1940[141]

1941–present[edit]

Name Field Year awarded
Sanguan Rojanawongs 1941[142]
Luang Nitwetchawisit 1941[142]
Prachak Thongprasoet 1941[142]
Phraya Anuman Rajadhon 1953[143]
Serm Winitchaikul 1953[143]
Yut Saeng-uthai 1953[143]
Silpa Bhirasri 1953[143]
Charng Ratanarat 1953[143]
La-iat Phibunsongkhram 1956[144]
Prayun Phinsawat 1956[145]
Saman Bunyaratphan 1956[145]
Luean Phongsophon 1956[145]
Phra Worawetphisit 1959[146]
Phraya Atthakariniphon 1959[147]
Sri Daorai 1960[148]
Prasop Ratanakorn 1961[149]
Chuchat Kamphu 1964[150]
Chote Suvatti 1965[151]
Uai Ketsing 1966[152]
Phon Sangsingkeo 1966[152]
Thanat Khoman 1966[153]
Luang Phinphakphitthayaphet 1966[154]
Chaloem Burananon 1966[154]
Sood Sangvichien 1966[155]
Luang Wisansinlapakam 1966[156]
Sombun Phongakson 1967[157]
Chaloem Phrommat 1967[157]
Direk Jayanama 1967[158]
Udom Posakritsana 1967[159]
Wikit Wiranuwat 1967[159]
Boonrod Binthasan 1968[160]
Rapee Sagarik 1968[161]
Prakorb Tuchinda 1969[162]
Komol Pengsritong 1969[163]
Sanya Dharmasakti 1969[164]
Luang Chamrunnetisat 1969[164]
Duan Bunnag 1969[164]
Pravat Pattabongse 1969[164]
Pramun Suwannason 1969[164]
Phra Nitikanprasom 1969[164]
Kan Chonwichan 1969[165]
Sipraphai Phongakson 1969[165]
Charas Yamarat 1970[166]
Stang Mongkolsuk 1970[166]
Amphon Sichaiyan 1970[167]
Saeng Monwithun 1970[167]
Pinit Pattabongs 1971[168]
Pisit Buranasiri 1971[168]
Sukich Nimmanheminda 1971[168]
Montri Tramote 1971[168]
Paew Snidvongseni 1971[168]
Erb na Bangxang 1971[168]
Kamthorn Pantularp Law 1980[169]
At Wisutyothaphiban Social sciences 1980[169]
Vitoon Osathanondh Medicine 1980[169]
Saman Mantarbhorn Medicine 1980[169]
Prasert na Nagara Humanities 1980[169]
Subhadradis Diskul Humanities 1980[169]
Somsak Rakngam Engineering 1980[169]
Morakot Charnsamruat Engineering 1980[169]
Sommai Yotprasit Engineering 1980[169]
Phinit Surakun Engineering 1980[169]
Chamlong Harinasuta Medicine 1981[170]
Tem Smitinand Natural sciences 1981[170]
Pin Malakul Education 1982[171]
Ari Sitthimang Agriculture 1982[171]
Pradisth Cheosakul Natural sciences 1983[172]
Aree Valyasevi Medicine 1983[172]
Dutsadi Uppatham Engineering 1983[172]
Seni Pramoj Law 1984[173]
Tranakchit Harinasuta Medicine 1984[173]
Nat Bhamornprawat Medicine 1984[173]
Prawase Wasi Medicine 1984[173]
Visith Sitprija Medicine 1985[174]
Niran Chitanon Engineering 1985[174]
Virot Chomchuenchit Engineering 1985[174]
Kasame Chatikavanij Engineering and administration 1985[174]
Kampol Prachuabmoh Medicine 1986[175]
Samphat Phasanayongphinyo Engineering 1986[175]
Kalyanakit Kitiyakara Medicine 1987[176]
Kukrit Pramoj Literature 1987[177]
Teera Ramasoota Medicine 1987[177]
Sanga Sabhasri Natural sciences and administration 1987[177]
Princess Sirindhorn Humanities 1989[178]
Suporn Koetsawang Medicine 1991[179]
Queen Sirikit 1992[180]
Parttraporn Isarangkura Medicine 1994[181]
Sakorn Dhanamitta Medicine 1994[181]
Arun Pausawasdi Medicine 1994[182]
Amphon Senanarong Agriculture 1995[183]
Chomchark Chuntrasakul Medicine 1997[184]
Sornchai Looareesuwan Medicine 1997[185]
Chai-Anan Samudavanija Social sciences 1998[186]
Prayoon Kanchanadul Law 1998[186]
Phanphit Sakornphan Medicine 1998[184]
Athasit Vejjajiva Medicine 1998[186]
Pinyo Suwankiri Architecture 1999[187]
Phaibul Naiyanetr Natural sciences 1999[187]
Pranya Sakiyalak Medicine 1999[187]
Boonchob Pongpanich Medicine 1999[187]
Prapasna Uaychai Law 1999[187]
Panas Simasathien Social sciences 1999[187]
Amon Raksasat Social sciences 2000[188]
Praves Limparangsri Visual arts (Thai architecture) 2000[188]
Pinit Suwannabun Visual arts (applied arts) 2000[188]
Seri Wangnaitham Visual arts (Thai dance) 2000[188]
Stitaya Sirisinha Natural sciences (Immunology) 2000[188]
Montri Tuchinda Medicine (Paediatric allergy) 2000[188]
Sathienpong Wannapok Humanities 2002[189]
Chamnong Tongprasert Humanities 2003[190]
Saksri Yamnadda Humanities 2003[190]
Mana Pitayaporn Law 2003[190]
Vitit Muntarbhorn Law 2003[190]
Sawasdi Tantisuk Visual arts 2003[190]
Chanika Tuchinda Medicine 2003[190]
Therdchai Jivacate Medicine 2003[190]
Sumon Amornvivat Education 2004[191]
Suthiwong Pongpaiboon Social sciences 2004[191]
Suphachai Chaithiraphan Medicine 2004[191]
Kraisid Tontisirin Medicine 2005[192]
Decha Boonkham Landscape architecture 2005[192]
Jisnuson Svasti Natural sciences 2007[193]
Thara Tritrakarn Medicine 2007[193]
Yongyudh Vajaradul Medicine 2007[193]
Udom Warotamasikkhadit Humanities 2007[193]
Charoenchai Sundaravadin Humanities 2007[193]
Niyada Lausunthorn Humanities 2008[194]
Likhit Dhiravegin Social sciences 2008[194]
Kesree Narongdej Social sciences 2008[194]
Pilai Poonswad Natural sciences 2008[194]
Somsak Panyakeow Engineering 2008[194]
Yong Poovorawan Medicine 2008[194]
Surapol Issaragrisil Medicine 2008[194]
Mingsarn Kaosa-ard Economics 2008[194]
Chaiyos Hemarajata Law 2009[195]
Winai Dahlan Natural sciences 2009[195]
Suthat Fucharoen Natural sciences 2009[195]
Sakol Panyim Natural sciences 2009[195]
Somchai Wongwises Engineering 2009[195]
Arun Chaiseri Engineering 2009[195]
Vinai Suvatee Medicine 2009[195]
Sunthorn Tandhanand Medicine 2009[195]
Borwornsak Uwanno Law 2010[196]
Rawi Bhavilai Natural sciences 2010[196]
Samruay Shuangshoti Medicine 2010[196]
Panya Borisutdhi Humanities 2011[197]
Suraphol Wirunrak Social sciences 2011[197]
Prapon Wilairat Natural sciences 2011[197]
Wanpen Chaicumpa Natural sciences 2011[197]
Somsak Damronglerd Engineering 2011[197]
Somwang Danchaivijitr Medicine 2011[197]
Pongsak Visudhipun Medicine 2011[197]
Pensri Pootrakul Medicine 2011[197]
Sermsak Wisalaporn Education 2012[198]
Wissanu Krea-ngam Law 2012[198]
Nikorn Dusitsin Medicine 2012[198]
Kobchitt Limpaphayom Medicine 2012[198]
Watchara Kasinrerk Medical technology 2012[198]
Choochart Pitaksakorn Education 2013[199]
Prasert Sobhon Natural sciences 2013[199]
Vichai Reutrakul Natural sciences 2013[199]
Burana Chavalittamrong Medicine 2013[199]
Dasnayanee Chandanayingyong Medicine 2013[199]
Saichol Ketsa Agriculture 2013[199]
Petcharee Sumitra History 2013[199]
Mati Tungpanich Architecture 2013[199]
Srisurang Poolthupya Humanities 2014[200]
Sodsai Pantoomkomol Humanities 2014[200]
Somchai Thongtem Natural sciences 2014[200]
Nitaya Suwanwela Medicine 2014[200]
Ungkab Prakanrattana Medicine 2014[200]
Suchon Tangtaweewipat Agriculture 2014[200]
Pranee Kullavanijaya Humanities 2015[201]
Amaret Bhumiratana Natural sciences 2015[201]
Suttisak Soralump Engineering 2015[201]
Thamrongrat Keokarn Medicine 2015[201]
Poonpit Amatayakul Music 2015[201]
Ruenruthai Sujjapun Humanities 2016[202]
Nonglak Wiratchai Education 2016[202]
Pilaipan Puthavathana Natural sciences 2016[202]
Suthi Aksornkitti Engineering 2016[202]
Kriangsak Jirapaet Medicine 2016[202]
Kamheang Chaturachinda Medicine 2016[202]
Theera Tongsong Medicine 2016[202]
Tanomsri Srichaikul Medicine 2016[202]
Srichitra Bunnag Medicine 2016[202]
Navavan Bandhumedha Humanities 2017[203]
Wit Phinkhanngoen Visual arts 2017[203]
Vicha Mahakun Law 2017[203]
Charas Suwanwela Medicine 2017[203]
Charoen Chotigavanich Medicine 2017[203]
Rajata Rajatanavin Medicine 2017[203]
Santi Leksukhum Humanities 2018[204]
Kulwadee Makarabhirom Humanities and social sciences 2018[204]
Piyasan Praserthdam [th] Engineering 2018[204]
Thiravat Hemachudha Medicine 2018[204]
Chaweewan Bunnag Medicine 2018[204]
Wandee Varavithya Medicine 2018[204]
Niwat Maneekarn Medicine 2018[204]
Nipon Chattipakorn Medicine 2018[204]
Somchai Pathumasutra Medicine 2018[204]
Peerasak Srinives Agriculture 2018[204]
Sujin Jinayon Agriculture 2018[204]
Kirati Boonchua Ethics 2018[204]

References[edit]

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