Duxford

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Duxford
Duxford village.jpg
St Peter's Church, Duxford
Duxford is located in Cambridgeshire
Duxford
Duxford
Duxford shown within Cambridgeshire
Population1,836 [1]
2,099 (2011 Census)[2]
OS grid referenceTL481461
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCambridge
Postcode districtCB22
Dialling code01223
PoliceCambridgeshire
FireCambridgeshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°05′35″N 0°09′32″E / 52.093°N 0.159°E / 52.093; 0.159Coordinates: 52°05′35″N 0°09′32″E / 52.093°N 0.159°E / 52.093; 0.159

Duxford is a village in Cambridgeshire, England, about 10 miles (16 km) south of Cambridge. It is part of the Hundred Parishes area.

History[edit]

The village formed on the banks of the River Cam, a little below its emergence from the hills of north Essex. One of the more populous settlements in its hundred it was split into two ecclesiastical parishes in medieval times until they were united in 1874.[3]

Originally known as Duxworth and listed as Dukeswrthe in the 10th century, and Dochesuuorde in the Domesday Book the village's name comes from "Worth (enclosure) of a man called Duc".[4]

Churches[edit]

From medieval times the village was unusual in possessing two parish churches, each with a separate incumbent - these were St John's Church and St Peter's Church, only the latter of which still functions as a church. To the north of the village close to the Royston to Newmarket road lies Duxford Chapel, a 14th-century chantry chapel that was probably part of the Hospital of St John.[5]

A Congregational chapel was built in the late 18th century and licensed in 1794, and at its peak in 1850 had a weekly congregation of 350. The chapel joined with other Congregational churches in uniting with the Presbyterian Church of England in 1972, and has been known as Duxford United Reformed Church since then.

Airfield[edit]

Duxford gives its name to RAF Duxford, a former Royal Air Force airfield that was used as a sector station during the Battle of Britain. Duxford Aerodrome was the home of Douglas Bader's Big Wing during that battle. Duxford airfield later became a fighter airfield for the United States Army Air Forces operating P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft. In 1972 the Ministry of Defence began to house historically important aircraft in the hangars, which became the Imperial War Museum Duxford.

The airfield was used in the motion picture The Battle of Britain. During that production one of the hangars was blown up to simulate a Luftwaffe bombing raid.

Village life[edit]

Planes flying in an airshow in Duxford

The village currently has two remaining pubs – The John Barleycorn[6], The Wheatsheaf & The Plough. Other former pubs include the Three Horseshoes, first recorded in 1786, the King's Head which opened in the mid-19th century[3] and the Flower Pot, located at the end of the old airfield runway on what is now Hunts Road, the Flower Pot was a popular haunt for pilots during the war [7] The village holds an annual Advent Market[8] at St John's Church to raise funds which are then available for local projects which enhance the quality of life for residents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 Census Archived 2006-04-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. 6. Victoria County History. 1978. pp. 201–220.
  4. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). "A Dictionary of British Place-Names".
  5. ^ Duxford Chapel
  6. ^ The John Barleycorn
  7. ^ http://www.impmac.co.uk/NL2015/January2015.pdf
  8. ^ Advent Market

External links[edit]