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The EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research)[1] Network is an international initiative aimed at promoting transparent and accurate reporting of health research studies to enhance the value and reliability of medical research literature.[2] The EQUATOR Network was established with the goals of raising awareness of the importance of good reporting of research, assisting in the development, dissemination and implementation of reporting guidelines for different types of study designs, monitoring the status of the quality of reporting of research studies in the health sciences literature, and conducting research relating to issues that impact the quality of reporting of health research studies.[3] The Network acts as an "umbrella" organisation, bringing together developers of reporting guidelines, medical journal editors and peer reviewers, research funding bodies, and other key stakeholders with a mutual interest in improving the quality of research publications and research itself. The EQUATOR Network comprises four centres at the University of Oxford (UK), Bond University (Australia), Paris Descartes University (France), and Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (Canada).


The EQUATOR Network grew out as part of spin-off projects generated after the work initiated by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials group and other guideline development groups to alleviate the problems arising from inadequate reporting of randomized controlled trials and other types of health research studies. The EQUATOR project began in March 2006 as part of a one-year project funded by the UK National Knowledge Science, from the National Health Service (NHS).[4] The group founded by Douglas Altman planned a program that would develop online resources and training to encourage the use of reporting guidelines in scientific publishing in the health area[5][6] to improve the quality of reporting of health research studies, identifying key stakeholders engaged in these activities and networking with them.

The first international working meeting of the EQUATOR Network took place in Oxford in 2006 and was attended by 27 participants from 10 countries.[7] Participants at this meeting were reporting guidelines developers, journal editors, peer reviewers, medical writers and research funders. The meeting served as a venue to exchange experiences among participants in developing, using and implementing reporting guidelines and prioritize the main activities that were necessary for the successful start of the EQUATOR Network's efforts.

The EQUATOR Network was formally launched on 26 June 2008 at the Royal Society of Medicine in London, UK. The event also hosted the 1st EQUATOR Annual Lecture presented by Sir Iain Chalmers. In that meeting, the results of a study by Iveta Simera, Douglas Altman, David Moher, Kenneth Schulz and John Hoey, were presented, and published two years later.[8] The study identified the need for a coordinated work between publishers, researchers and funders to improve the quality of the research output.

Since then, the EQUATOR Network has held annual lectures that have been held in Vancouver (Canada) in 2009, Oxford (UK) in 2010, Bristol (UK) in 2011, and Freiburg (Germany) in 2012.

The EQUATOR Network Library[edit]

The EQUATOR Network developed and maintains a comprehensive library that provides a collection of publications related to reporting guidelines on scientific writing, empirical evidence supporting or refuting the inclusion of crucial items in reporting guidelines, evaluations of the quality of reporting, publication ethics and educational materials and tools for editors, peer reviewers and researchers. Comprehensive lists of reporting guidelines for the following study types are available in the EQUATOR Network library:

Additional guidelines are available for practical issues relevant to the reporting of health research:


  1. ^ Simera, I; Moher, D; Hirst, A; Hoey, J; Schulz, KF; Altman, DG (2010). "Transparent and accurate reporting increases reliability, utility, and impact of your research: reporting guidelines and the EQUATOR Network". BMC Medicine. 8: 24. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-8-24. PMC 2874506. PMID 20420659. open access
  2. ^ Simera, I.; Moher, D.; Hoey, J.; Schulz, K. F.; Altman, D. G. (2010). "A catalogue of reporting guidelines for health research". European Journal of Clinical Investigation. 40 (1): 35–53. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2362.2009.02234.x. PMID 20055895.[dead link]
  3. ^ Simera, I; Altman, DG (October 2009). "Writing a research article that is "fit for purpose": EQUATOR Network and reporting guidelines". Evidence-based medicine. 14 (5): 132–4. doi:10.1136/ebm.14.5.132. PMID 19794009.
  4. ^ "A history of the evolution of guidelines for reporting medical research: the long road to the EQUATOR Network". The James Lind Library. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Resources in Spanish / Recursos en español | The EQUATOR Network". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Fond farewells: Celebrating Iveta Simera's decade with the EQUATOR Network | The EQUATOR Network". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  7. ^ History: EQUATOR Network; [Available from: http://www.equator-network.org/about-us/history/.
  8. ^ Simera I, Altman DG, Moher D, Schulz KF, Hoey J. Guidelines for reporting health research: the EQUATOR network's survey of guideline authors. PLoS Med. 2008;5(6):e139.

5. Gagnier J, Kienle G, Altman DG, Moher D, Sox H, Riley DS, and the Care Group. The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology;67(1):46-51. 6. Riley DS, Barber MS, Kienle GS, Aronson JK, von Schoen-Angerer T, et al. CARE 2013 Explanation and Elaborations: Reporting Guidelines for Case Reports. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2017 Sep;89:218-235. doi: 10.1016/jclinepi.2017.04.026. Epub 2017 May 18. PMID 2859185.

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