This article contains content that is written like an advertisement. (August 2020)
|Origin||The Bronx, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Genres||Avant-funk, post-punk, no wave, dance-punk|
|Labels||99, Factory, Soul Jazz, Fire, Universal Sound, ESG Records|
|Past members||Renee Scroggins|
ESG (Emerald, Sapphire & Gold) is an American funk rock band formed in the South Bronx in 1978. Trouser Press called it "one of the most dynamic bands that New York could offer at the top of the '80s." ESG has been influential across a wide range of musical genres, including hip hop, and dance-punk. The band's track "UFO" is one of the most sampled songs in history.
The band originally consisted of the Scroggins sisters, Renee (vocals), Valerie (drums), Deborah (bass) and Marie (congas, vocals) and friend Tito Libran (congas, vocals). The band's name stands for emerald, sapphire, and gold. Emerald and sapphire are Valerie and Renee Scroggins' birthstones, and gold refers to the record certification. Ed Bahlman discovered ESG while serving as the judge for a talent show and became the band's unofficial manager.
Tony Wilson from Factory Records approached the band after a performance at Hurrah in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, and three days later they began recording with Martin Hannett in Manchester, England. They recorded "Moody" and "You're No Good" in the first take. Hannett had three minutes left on the master tape, so he had the band record "UFO". The recordings helped bring Bahlman's focus to the band. On December 3, 1980, he recorded ESG's performance at Hurrah, which became the B-side for ESG. Bahlman formed a partnership with Factory so that his 99 Records label could release the EP in 1981. By July, they made a second pressing of the record. It was received positively by music critics. Robert Palmer called it one of 1981's "freshest records". The New York Times placed ESG second on its list of the best EPs and cassettes of 1981, and The Village Voice placed the EP third on its Pazz & Jop critics' poll.
1982's ESG Says Dance to the Beat of Moody EP continued in a similar vein, as did their first album, 1983's Come Away with ESG. Renee Scroggins retains the rights to ESG's new music and publishing. The group's work had become popular, mainly among hip-hop artists searching for samples, with such acts as TLC, the Wu-Tang Clan, Kool Moe Dee, the Beastie Boys, Big Daddy Kane, Gang Starr, Junior Mafia, Tricky, Jay-Dee, MF Doom, as well as indie rockers like Unrest and Liars all sampling the group. The group addressed this issue on the 1992 12" EP Sample Credits Don't Pay Our Bills. The album, ESG Live!, was released in 1995 and featured both old and new material.
ESG announced shows in Sweden and France in September, 2011. To celebrate Analator, an ESG show in March 2012 was announced as their final west coast show to promote their 2012 album Closure. ESG still continue to tour, primarily performing in London. In September 2017, ESG released the album What More Can You Take? which was billed upon release as their final studio album.
Style and influences
ESG's sound incorporates elements from funk, hip-hop and punk music. The group has been described as being "driven by economical drumming, tersely phrased bass, and minimal [...] guitar." Lead vocalist Renee Scroggins has cited James Brown as a major influence, in particular when his songs "take it to the bridge"—Scroggins described these instrumental sections as "that giant bass and the drums and letting it rip for that instant [...] so I said, man, if you could just take a song and make it just the bridge, wouldn't that be hot!"
Renee Scroggins has said that ESG's sound is influenced by the Latin music she and her sisters would hear in the neighbourhood when they were growing up. She doesn't define the band as one genre, saying "if I really had to put a label on it, we consider it to be music that makes you dance.".
Legacy and influence
Neil Finn, who plays in Crowded House and Fleetwood Mac, was inspired by the "simple and down-home" sound of ESG to form his band Pajama Club, saying that "[ESG] gave us encouragement to be funky, when we really had no right to be."
- 1983: Come Away with ESG
- 2002: Step Off
- 2006: Keep on Moving
- 2013: Closure
- 2017: What More Can You Take?
- 1995: ESG Live!
- 1981: ESG
- 1982: ESG Says Dance to the Beat of Moody
- 1992: Sample Credits Don't Pay Our Bills
- 2000: A South Bronx Story
- 2007: A South Bronx Story 2 – Collector's edition: Rarities
- 2010: Dance to the Best of ESG
- 2010: Renee Scroggins appears on Gaëtan Roussel's Ginger album
- track 03- Si l'on comptait les étoiles.
- track 08- DYWD
- 2011: Franz Ferdinand – Covers
- TrouserPress.com, retrieved 28 Aug. 2011.
- Terich, Jeff Terich; Green, Liam; Pearson, Paul; Butch Rosser (August 13, 2015). "10 of the Most Sampled Songs in Pop Music". Treblezine. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Katzman, Adam (June 18, 2009). "The Awesomely Undulating Slog of Valerie Scroggins". Tom Tom Magazine. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Reynolds 2006, p. 272.
- Krimper, Michael (March 2, 2012). "The unidentifiable dance grooves of ESG". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Benson, Denise (2006). "Funksters ESG Write Another Chapter in their South Bronx Story". Exclaim!. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Sacks, Leo (July 11, 1981). "Closeup". Billboard. Vol. 93, no. 27. p. 70.
- Palmer, Robert (May 5, 1982). "Anger Gone, Graham Parker Is Back". The New York Times: C23. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Palmer, Robert (December 30, 1981). "A List of the Year's Best, Including Albums, Singles, and EP's". The New York Times: C9.
- Christgau, Robert (1982). "The 1981 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Tippex, Marie (21 June 2011). "ESG ANNOUNCES EXCLUSIVE SHOWS : DANCE !". julietippex.com. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- Ortiz, Paloma (2012-02-21). "Q&A: Renee Scroggins of ESG". Pulse. SF Station. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- Chan, Julia (2012-02-26). "ESG embarks on final funky fete". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "What More Can You Take?". CDBaby. CDBaby. September 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
- "ESG's Otherworldly Sound". The New Yorker. 2018-02-23. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- Kot, Greg. "ESG turned 'accident' into music history". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- "ESG: Dance to the Best of ESG". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- "The Quietus | Features | A Quietus Interview |". The Quietus. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- Sisario, Ben (2010-05-28). "Dance Track Master, Accidental Fan". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- Steiner, Melissa Rakshana (September 7, 2015). ""It's Music That Makes You Dance" - ESG Interviewed | The Quietus". thequietus.com. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
- "No more Crowded House: Neil Finn's new band, Pajama Club". the Guardian. 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- "Music Collection – Fujiya & Miyagi | On The Record". www.irishtimes.com. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
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