1343 Naples tsunami

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1343 earthquake
Local dateNovember 25, 1343 (1343-11-25)
EpicenterTyrrhenian Sea
TsunamiYes
Tyrrhenian Sea.

The 1343 tsunami struck the Tyrrhenian Sea and Bay of Naples on November 25, 1343. Underground shocks were felt in Naples and caused significant damage and loss of lives.[1] Of major note was a tsunami created by the earthquake which destroyed many ships in Naples and destroyed many ports along the Amalfi Coast including Amalfi itself. The effects of the tsunami were observed by the poet Petrarch, whose ship was forced to return to port, and recorded in the fifth book of his Epistolae familiares.[2] A 2019 study attributes the event to a massive submarine landslide (possibly greater than 1 km3), caused by flank collapse of the Stromboli volcano.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Solovʹev, Sergeĭ Leonidovich (2000). Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea, 2000 B.C.-2000 A.D. Springer. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7923-6548-8.
  2. ^ Tateo, F. (2010). "Horribile dictu: environmental catastrophes and writing in the late Middle Ages". In Mattheus M. (ed.). Le calamità ambientali nel tardo Medioevo europeo: realtà, percezioni, reazioni : atti del XII Convegno del Centro studi sulla civiltà del tardo Medioevo : S. Miniato, 31 maggio-2 giugno 2008. Centro studi sulla civiltà del Tardo Med (in Italian). 12. Firenze University Press. p. 111. ISBN 978-88-8453-499-6. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  3. ^ Rosi, M.; Levi, S. T.; Pistolesi, M.; Bertagnini, A.; Brunelli, D.; Cannavò, V.; Di Renzoni, A.; Ferranti, F.; Renzulli, A.; Yoon, D. (2019-01-24). "Geoarchaeological Evidence of Middle-Age Tsunamis at Stromboli and Consequences for the Tsunami Hazard in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea". Scientific Reports. 9 (1): 677. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37050-3. ISSN 2045-2322.

Coordinates: 40°44′7″N 14°16′31″E / 40.73528°N 14.27528°E / 40.73528; 14.27528