Eddie Lee Sexton

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Eddie Lee Sexton (May 12, 1942 – December 29, 2010) was an American man known for compelling his children to murder and committing sexual abuse against his own family which he ruled in a cult-like manner.[1][2] He fathered at least three children with two of his daughters. [3] Rick Terrana, Eddie Sexton's defense attorney, described the Sextons as the "most dysfunctional family in America."[4]

Eddie Lee Sexton was captured after living as a fugitive for over a year to avoid child abuse charges. He was sentenced to death for orchestrating the murder of his son-in-law, plus an additional 15 years for conspiracy to commit kidnapping and murder of an acquaintance. After appeal, Sexton's death penalty case was overturned and a new trial ordered. After retrial he was again found guilty and sentenced to death, but died in prison of natural causes.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Eddie Lee Sexton was born near rural Logan, West Virginia to a family of coal miners. His father was a part-time Baptist preacher. In 1963, he committed armed robbery of a gas station the day after marrying his pregnant 15-year-old girlfriend. He was sentenced to five years in state prison for the robbery, and his wife filed for divorce after giving birth to a son, Patrick.[3]

Eddie later married Estella May, and they would have eleven children. Eddie and Estella settled in Stark County, Ohio.[3]

Eddie was regarded as charming and polite upon first impression, but those who knew him well saw him as a serial con artist and fraudster. Though receiving Social Security disability payments due to his allegedly seriously injured back, he also worked for cash as a painter and handyman. He was suspected of insurance fraud by setting three fires at his homes in the 1980s and faking burglaries and falsely reporting stolen items.[5]

In the 1970s he briefly worked as an independent Christian preacher, espousing a highly unorthodox doctrine emphasizing sex and apocalyptic predictions that he would later use to indoctrinate and intimidate his children. Journalist Lowell Cauffiel wrote: "Eddie Lee Sexton certainly maintained his own place of worship. But nobody could figure out what gospel he was preaching. A little general occult. A little fundamentalism. A little Satanism. A little sci-fi hustle..." [6] Neighbor Augusta Houston would report that Eddie claimed to worship both God and the Devil. [3]

Abuse and investigations[edit]

The Sexton children would later describe Eddie and Estella as committing extreme acts of abuse almost daily. All the children were sexually abused by both parents, were beaten and locked in their rooms for minor infractions, and routinely suffered other indignities.[3] The Sexton children attended public schools, and while Eddie allowed them to have only one friend each they were not allowed to visit friends homes and friends were not allowed in the Sexton home. The Sexton children believed their father had supernatural powers, such as telepathy and the ability to summon ghosts or spirits. The children were sexually active among themselves, sometimes consensual and sometimes by force. Eddie staged mock wedding ceremonies with several of his daughters as preludes to his raping them[7] (photos of these weddings are printed in Cauffiel's book House of Secrets, with Eddie's daughters wearing bridal veils in their family living room). His children would later report Eddie conducting such events as a seance-like ceremony involving a dead cat,[8] and forcing the children to sign contracts in their own blood stating they would go to hell for disobeying him.[3]

Eddie impregnated his teenage daughter Estella (known as "Pixie" to distinguish daughter from mother who shared the same name). He encouraged her to find a boyfriend to avert suspicion from himself. Pixie met Joel Good, a high school classmate who was described as slow-witted and overly trusting.[9] They had an on-off romance, eventually marrying despite the reservations of Joel's family about his marrying a young woman with two young girls, Dawn and Shasta, of uncertain parentage. Pixie gave birth to a boy they named Skipper Lee Good.[10]

The Sexton household was long suspected of being abusive and neglectful towards their children, with county officials maintaining a file on the family from 1979 but lacking evidence enough for further action.[3] In early 1992, his daughter Machelle, then 18 years old, informed employees at a women's shelter that her father had raped her. At the time of Machelle's allegation, six of the Sexton children were minors and authorities launched an investigation. Three of the young children reported nothing unsual, but three others reported physical abuse from their parents. These three children were removed from the home and assigned to foster families pending further investigation. Machelle retracted her allegations, complicating the case.

Eddie filmed a three-hour video on VHS tape, denying the charges against him and claiming he was the victim of persecution of his brother Otis who had cooperated with authorities, and Stark County authorities who held a grudge against him.[11] To plead his case, Eddie mailed copies of the video directly to President Bill Clinton and Attorney General Janet Reno.

Fugitives[edit]

After seven months with her foster family, young Lana Sexton confided to her foster parents that her birth mother Estella had sexually abused her. This disclosure was confirmed by a medical exam that found vaginal scarring. Stark County authorities moved to take custody of all the minor Sexton children. Eddie and Estella responded first with a flurry of legal motions designed to slow the court process, and by attempting to prove Native American ancestry in an attempt to shift the criminal case to a tribal court.

When these steps were ineffective in avoiding court action against them, the Sextons went on the run. Along with Eddie and Estella, they traveled three of their minor children, several adult children including Joel and Pixie, and Pixie's three young children. In total, eleven people lived in a cramped van as they roamed the country. They first lived in Oklahoma with Eddie's relatives for several months, before relocating to campsites at Little Manatee River State Park on the eastern coast of Florida. Eddie forced the children to engage in paramilitary drills in anticipation of a showdown with law enforcement, and the Sexton children began drinking heavily and inhaling gasoline fumes. Eddie drove back to Ohio every two weeks to cash his disability checks. Ohio courts issued arrest warrants, but the case had a relatively low priority and was not initially well-publicized due to family court rules to protect the anonymity of child abuse victims.

Late on October 19, 1993 or early the morning of the 20th, Pixie smothered her son Skipper to death. Pixie later claimed that her father ordered her to silence the crying child to avoid drawing attention at the camp site, where the family lived in violation of the occupancy and time-limit rules. Pixie carried the corpse with her for several days, believing her father had the power to resurrect the child. They eventually burred the boy in a peat moss area near the camp site.

Pixie told Joel the boy died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), but Joel was suspicious. On November 30, 1993, Joel and Pixie visited the library at the University of Tampa, where librarian Gail Novak assisted him in finding information about SIDS. Eddie entered the library, furious that Joel and Pixie had visited without his permission. Novak would later testify that she saw Eddie assault Joel and Pixie in the library, and that she overheard an argument between father and daughter. When Pixie said that Joel was heartbroken over Skipper's death and wanted to go back to Ohio, Eddie replied that the only way Joel would return to Ohio was as a corpse.

At Little Manatee State Park, the Sextons made the acquaintance of Ray Hesser, who had recently retired after selling his business and was traveling cross-country by himself in a luxurious Winnebago. Eddie and his children began a scheme to use Pixie to seduce Hesser, hoping to eventually kill the man, drain his bank accounts and steal the Winnebago.[12] Initially friendly towards the Sextons, Hesser gradually grew suspicious and parted ways with them by lying about his travel plans specifically to avoid them.

Sometime between Thanksgiving and Christmas 1993, Eddie ordered his hulking adult son Willie to strangle Joel to death and trained him in the use of a garotte. They buried Joel's body in the swamp not far from Skipper's grave.

Arrest and trials[edit]

Eventually, the FBI issued a national arrest warrant for Eddie and Estella Sexton. They were arrested in Florida on January 14, 1994 after authorities traced them by a Florida zip code on one of Sexton's self-produced videocassettes that had been mailed to Janet Reno.

The minor children were taken into custody while the adult Sexton children were released. Investigation and questioning would reveal that there were other crimes involved, beyond the child abuse warrants for Eddie and Estella. Pixie's daughters Dawn and Shasta both showed signs of repeated sexual abuse, and Dawn identified Willie and Scott Sexton as her abusers. Interviews uncovered the death of Skipper, which was first blamed on SIDS though eventually Pixie took responsibility for the death.

The Sextons all initially insisted that Joel had departed for Ohio, but eventually Willie confessed to killing him at Eddie's command. Authorities found Skipper and Joel's bodies where they had been buried and unintentionally preserved in unusually good condition in the peat, similar to the bog bodies of northern Europe.

The investigation was exceptionally complex, headquartered in Hillsborough County, Florida but spanning several states and multiple jurisdictions. Sexton's children were difficult to interview, giving evasive and contradictory answers and all displaying major psychiatric problems like psychotic breaks, PTSD and vivid nightmares about their father.[13] Machelle agreed to testify against her father, saying that she retracted her confession out of fear but felt comfortable testifying now that he was in custody. His adult daughter Sherri Crotto reported that he had impregnated her several years before doing the same to Pixie, and that her son was adopted by relatives. DNA testing confirmed with 99% likelihood that Eddie was the father of Pixie's daughters Dawn and Shasta. Authorities suspected Eddie may have also fathered Skipper, but opted against DNA testing for the sake of Joel's family:[14] Joel was consistently reported to have adored and doted on Skipper and the two were buried in the same casket.

Eventually, investigators came to believe that Eddie was the mastermind of the entire Sexton family. In February 1994 Pixie was charged with first degree murder for killing Skipper.[15] However, she was later allowed to plead guilty to manslaughter for Skipper's death, in exchange for testimony against her father. Adult son Scott agreed to testify against Eddie regarding the Hesser murder plot, while Willie agreed to testify regarding the murder of Joel Good. Willie was found to have a borderline mentally handicapped IQ and was functionally illiterate.[16] He was further judged unfit to stand trial due to serious psychiatric problems, and was ordered to a mental health facility for treatment. His condition was stabilized, and Willie eventually testified.

The first trial was for the murder plot against Ray Hesser. Eddie eventually accepted a plea bargain, and was sentenced to 15 years for conspiracy to commit kidnapping and murder.

The next trial was for the murder of Joel Good. Willie testified that Eddie had ordered Joel killed due to fears that he would return to Ohio and report Skipper's death and the Sexton family whereabouts to authorities. Defense attorneys noted the many contradictions and inconsistencies in the Sexton children's testimony and depositions and attempted to cast Willie and Pixie as the murderers, asserting that Eddie was not involved and did not approve of the crime. Rick Terrana objected to the information about Eddie's prior bad acts being heard in court. Judge Bob Mitcham ruled that such testimony would be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, but ended up allowing most testimony of Eddie's abusive and manipulative behavior.[17] Judge Mitcham's memoir described Eddie as "look[ing] continually relaxed and in control throughout the trial."[18]

Eddie was found guilty after less than three hours deliberation, and was sentenced to death on November 2, 1994. Jurors later said that librarian Gail Novak's testimony was the most important evidence presented at the trial.[19] While the Sextons came across as mentally disturbed and their stories were often inconsistent, contradictory and incomplete, Novak's account provided jurors with critical independent corroboration of the most salient details of the prosecution case.

Pixie was sentenced to six years for manslaughter. Willie plead guilty to second degree murder, and was sentenced to 25 years, with his low intelligence and overbearing father taken as mitigating factors. In the Ohio courts, Estella May was sentenced to two years in prison for abusing Lana;[20] during a second trial for over a dozen abuse charges against other children, she was sentenced to life in prison for accessory to rape.[21]

On appeal in 1997, Eddie Lee Sexton's verdict was overturned and a new trial was ordered. The appellate judges agreed with defense attorneys that some of the prior bad acts evidence regarding the child abuse and other lurid details of the family history were prejudicial and inflammatory. After the retrial Eddie was again found guilty. During the sentencing phase, a psychologist testified for the defense that Eddie "had a diminished level of self-control due to dysfunction in his prefrontal cortex".[22] The court rejected this line of reasoning, noting that Eddie's crimes shows considerable planning and concealment over many years thus demonstrating he possessed self-control. Eddie was sentenced to death on November 18, 1998[23][24][25] He died of natural causes while imprisoned at Florida's Union Correctional Institution.

Analysis[edit]

Ross E. Cheit, political science professor at Brown University, discusses the Sexton family case in his 2014 book The Witch-Hunt Narrative about satanic ritual abuse cases in the 1980s and '90s. While Cheit agrees there is no evidence supporting the existence of widespread networks of satanists committing murder and abuse, he also criticizes those who he says overstate or misapply skepticism about ritual abuse by ignoring or dismissing cases that contain elements of satanism or ritualized acts: "Eddie Lee Sexton, Sr., also ran his family like a cult, subjecting them to the kinds of rituals that [skeptics] claim [are] only imaginary. But the horrors were real".[26]

Pixie Sexton's murder of her young child has been described as an extreme example of post-partum depression, with research showing that victims of abuse have much higher than average rates of killing their own children.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheit, Ross E. (2014). The Witch Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology and the Sexual Abuse of Children. Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Florida Supreme Court Gavel to Gavel Video Portal, Case 94487
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Lowell Cauffiel (1997) House of Secrets, Kensington Books, New York ISBN 978-1-57566-221-3
  4. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 274
  5. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 267
  6. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p 263
  7. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 197
  8. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 268
  9. ^ Cauffiel (1997), pp. 25-30
  10. ^ Cauffiel (1997)
  11. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 176
  12. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p 278
  13. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 194
  14. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 258
  15. ^ Orlando Sentinel. Ohio Woman Faces Charge In Baby's Death In Florida, Feb 20, 1994; accessed 12 September 2017
  16. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 281
  17. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 287
  18. ^ Bob Anderson Mitcham (2005). Justice from Buttermilk Bottom, International Legal Press, p. 174
  19. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 289
  20. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 266
  21. ^ Cauffiel (1997), p. 300
  22. ^ Michael Freeman (2010). Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues. Oxford University Press, p.16
  23. ^ "Eddie Lee Sexton sentenced to death" (Nov 19, 1998) St. Petersburg Times
  24. ^ Sexton v. State of Florida (Fla. 2008)
  25. ^ Sexton v. State of Florida (Fla. 2008) Answer Brief of the Appellee
  26. ^ Cheit (2014), p. 162
  27. ^ Arlene M. Huysman (2003). The Postpartum Effect: Deadly Depression in Mothers. Seven Stories Press, p. 63

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