Shown within Cumbria
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Eden District Council|
|• Leadership:||Alternative - Sec.31|
|• MPs:||Rory Stewart|
|• Total||827 sq mi (2,142 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 319th|
|• Density||64/sq mi (25/km2)|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|• Summer (DST)||British Summer Time (UTC+1)|
It has an area of 2,156 km², making it (since 2009) the eighth largest district in England and the largest non-unitary district. It also has the lowest population density of any district in England and Wales, with a mean of just 25 persons per square kilometre. In 2011, the population was 5% above its 2001 level. The district council was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, from the Penrith urban district, Alston with Garrigill Rural District and Penrith Rural District, all in Cumberland, and Appleby Municipal Borough, part of Lakes urban district and North Westmorland Rural District, all in Westmorland.
The West Coast Main Railway Line runs through the district but with only one station at Penrith. Services on this line are provided by Virgin Trains and TransPennine Express. The Northern Settle-Carlisle Railway also goes through the district and has stations at Armathwaite, Lazonby, Langwathby, Appleby and Kirkby Stephen.
It was shown a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 that Eden District has the second lowest proportion of land taken up by roads of any district in England: 0.8%, fractionally greater than Craven in North Yorkshire and both adjoining the Pennines. This compared with a maximum of over 20% in four London boroughs and the City of London.
In that detailed survey (to the nearest m²) it was shown that Eden District had the greatest proportion of greenspace (which excludes domestic gardens) of any district, 97.9%, as shown by the following extract:
|District||% Greenspace (June 2005)|
Below is a list of the wards that form Eden:
* = denotes wards represented by 2 councillors; all others have 1 except for Penrith North which has 3
Sports, recreation and culture
The council is the owner of the Penrith Leisure Centre which is run by a private company under contract. The council also owns a number of playing fields and recreation grounds throughout the district most notably the sports pitches at Frenchfield near Carleton on the outskirts of Penrith.
The council owns and runs Penrith and Eden Museum in the town.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to District of Eden.|
- Lucy Townsend and Kathryn Westcott (17 July 2012). "Census 2011: Five lesser-spotted things in the data". BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 2011 census