|Population||1,438 (2011) (parish)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Dacre (English: //) is a small village, civil parish and electoral ward in the Lake District National Park in the Eden District of Cumbria, England, and historically in Cumberland. In the 2001 census, the parish, which includes Newbiggin and Stainton, had a population of 1,326, increasing to 1,438 at the 2011 Census.
Dacre is situated about 5 miles (8 km) west of Penrith and contains St Andrew's Parish Church, an ancient castle, and the Horse & Farrier pub. Nearby is the small stately home of Dalemain. Dacre Beck is a major tributary of the River Eamont.
Although Dacre is a small place in itself, its civil parish is quite large and includes the villages and hamlets of Stainton, Redhills, Newbiggin, Great Blencow and Soulby. Stainton is by far the largest place in the parish and is a dormitory village of Penrith. Redhills is home to a Burger King restaurant, the Penrith Golf Driving Range, a business park, The Limes Country Hotel and the Rheged Discovery Centre.
As early as AD 731, the Venerable Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, speaks of a monastery at Dacre, written as 'Dacore'. There is no later reference to the monastery, and it is assumed to have been destroyed by the Vikings. A church, however, has been present on the site for over a millennium. Archaeological excavations support the view that the church may be built on the site of the former monastery.
In William of Malmesbury's account of the Treaty of Eamont Bridge in 927 AD, he states that the meeting of the kings took place in Dacre ('ad locum qui Dacor uocatur'), but historians doubt the accuracy of his statement.
The present church is a Norman design. Several notable archaeological remains are at the site. These include various stone bears – the celebrated 'Dacre Bears' in the churchyard, and inside the church two fragments of Viking crosses. Above the tower doorway, there is a plaque stating that the church was partly rebuilt by William Pollock. The south door has a large lock dated 1671 inscribed 'AP', referring to the Countess of Pembroke, Lady Anne Clifford. The resting place of Viscount Whitelaw, the former Home Secretary, is in the church grounds.
Dacre Castle is a quadrangular building with four turrets, a pele tower design, and built around the mid 14th-century. The castle was restored as a private dwelling in 1688. By 1816 it was being used as a farmhouse; it is now a private home. The castle is in an excellent state of restoration. It featured in 2007 in Robbie Coltrane's ITV series, Incredible Britain, where he travelled from Glasgow to London in a classic 1958 Jaguar XK 150 using only minor roads.
The Horse and Farrier public house is the 18th-century inn signposted from the A66 and A592. It is a pub and not an inn; the interior of the building has been described as 16th century. The pub has a letting flat.
The Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway had a railway station at Newbiggin but was called Blencow railway station to avoid confusion with Newbiggin railway station on the Settle to Carlisle Railway.
- UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Dacre Parish (16UF021)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Dacre Parish (E04002530)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- Whaley, Diana (2006). A dictionary of Lake District place-names. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society. pp. lx, 423 p.91. ISBN 0904889726.
- Parishes Dacre-Brigg, British History
- St Andrew's Parish Church, Dacre Archived 2007-01-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Dacre Church
- William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Dacre Castle Archived 2006-12-31 at the Wayback Machine
- Horse and Farrier: Dacre
- Cumbria County History Trust: Dacre (nb: provisional research only - see Talk page)