3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||282.56 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||Colorless, waxy crystals|
|Melting point||36 to 38 °C; 97 to 100 °F; 309 to 311 K|
|Boiling point||343.1 °C; 649.5 °F; 616.2 K|
|31 μmol Pa−1 kg−1|
Heat capacity (C)
|602.5 J K−1 mol−1 (at 6.0 °C)|
|558.6 J K−1 mol−1|
|Flash point||> 113 °C (235 °F; 386 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Icosane has little use in the petrochemical industry, as its high flash point makes it an inefficient fuel. n-Icosane (the straight-chain structural isomer of icosane) is the shortest compound found in paraffin waxes used to form candles.
Icosane's size, state or chemical inactivity does not exclude it from the traits its smaller alkane counterparts have. It is a colorless, non-polar molecule, nearly unreactive except when it burns. It is less dense than and insoluble in water. Its non-polar trait means it can only perform weak intermolecular bonding (hydrophobic/van der Waals forces).
Icosane's phase transition at a moderate temperature makes it a candidate phase change material, or PCM which can be used to store thermal energy and control temperature.
- "eicosane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Table 11 Basic numerical terms (multiplying affixes)". IUPAC. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- "Footnote for Table 11". IUPAC. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- Icosane at Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases