Železna Kapla - Bela
Eisenkappel, main square
|• Mayor||Franz Josef Smrtnik|
|• Total||198.84 km2 (76.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||555 m (1,821 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2016)|
|• Density||12/km2 (31/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
- This article is about the Carinthian market town of Eisenkappel-Vellach. For the town of Eisenkappel, see also Bad Eisenkappel.
Eisenkappel-Vellach (Slovene: Železna Kapla-Bela) is a market town in the Völkermarkt District in the Austrian state of Carinthia. The spa town is the southernmost municipality of Austria, close to the border with Slovenia.
The municipal area covers the valley of the Vellach creek, which runs in north-south direction from the heights of the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karavanke range down to the Drava River. The Obir massif in the west contains a large dripstone cave system. Two mountain pass roads lead to Slovenia: the Seebergsattel in the southwest connecting it with Jezersko and the less frequented Pavlič Pass in the southeast on the road to Solčava.
Eisenkappel-Vellach consists of the main locality Bad Eisenkappel and several smaller settlements located in lateral valleys,  subdivided into the Katastralgemeinden of Bad Vellach (Bela), Blasnitzen (Spodnja Plaznica), Ebriach (Obirsko), Eisenkappel (Železna Kapla), Koprein Petzen (Pod Peco), Koprein Sonnseite (Koprivna), Leppen (Lepena), Lobnig (Lobnik), Rechberg (Reberca), Remschenig (Remšenik) and Trögern (Korte).
According to the 2001 census, 38% of the population are Carinthian Slovenes, distributed over the 15 localities as follows:
|Village (German)||Village (Slovenian)||Number of people 1991||Percent of Slovenes 1991||Percent of Slovenes 1951|
|Koprein Petzen||Pod Peco||10||100%||92.3%|
|Bad Eisenkappel||Železna Kapla||1013||23.6%||80.2%|
The Seeberg Pass was already part of a Roman road in the Noricum province from 15 BC onwards. A Capella settlement in the Duchy of Carinthia, named after a chapel (German: Kapelle, Slovene: Kapela) held by the Bishop of Brixen, was first mentioned about 1050. The market was probably established in the early 13th century under the rule of Duke Bernhard von Spanheim. Market rights were officially confirmed in a 1267/68 deed, when the Seebergsattel was an important trade route for salt and iron ore (German: Eisen). From the 15th century onwards, the valley was the site of several ironworks. Fortifications were built against the invasions by the Ottoman forces, nevertheless Kappel was devastated in 1473. Emperor Frederick III had the town rebuilt and granted it the present-day coat of arms in 1493.
The Kappel municipality was established in 1850, it was renamed Eisenkappel in 1890, while the iron industries declined. The Eisenkappel citizens had to rely on forestry and summer tourism around several mineral springs, promoted by the opening of the Vellachtalbahn narrow gauge railway line in 1902. Eisenkappel and Vellach finally merged in 1939. In the late days of World War II the remote Peršman farm in Koprein Petzen was a strongpoint of the Yugoslav Partisans. On 25 April 1945, a Nazi SS unit stormed the building killing eleven residents, among them seven children.
Seats in the municipal Gemeinderat assembly as of 2009 elections:
- Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ): 8
- Enotna Lista (EL): 4
- Austrian People's Party (ÖVP): 2
- Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ): 3
- Independent: 1
- The Greens – The Green Alternative: 1
Since March 2009, Eisenkappel-Vellach is run by a Carinthian Slovene mayor, Franc Jožef Smrtnik. It is currently the only municipality in Carinthia with a mayor of the Slovene minority party Enotna Lista.
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Eisenkappel-Vellach.
- Encyclopedia of Austria
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