Electress of the Palatinate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Electress Palatine)
Jump to: navigation, search

The Electress of the Palatinate (German: Kurfürstin von der Pfalz) was the consort of the Prince-elector of the Electorate of the Palatinate, one of the Empire's greatest princes.[1]

First Electorate, 1356–1648[edit]

House of Wittelsbach, Main branch, 1356–1559[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Ruprecht I mit Frauen.jpg Elisabeth of Namur John I, Marquis of Namur
(Dampierre)
1329 Autumn 1350
or
Summer 1358
10 January 1356
Raised to Electress
29 March 1382 Rupert I
Beatrix von Berg, 1910.jpg Beatrice of Berg William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg
(Jülich)
1360 before 14 November 1385 16 February 1390
husband's death
16 May 1395
Eliska rim.jpg Elisabeth of Nuremberg Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg
(Hohenzollern)
1358 27 June 1374 6 January 1398
husband's accession
18 May 1410
husband's death
26 July 1411 Rupert III
MatyldaSavoy.jpg Matilda of Savoy Amadeus, Prince of Achaea
(Savoy)
1391/1400 30 November 1417 30 December 1436
husband's death
14 May 1438 Louis III
DH-Ulrich der Vielgeliebte Gattinnen.jpg Margaret of Savoy Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
1410s or 7 August 1420 18 October 1445 13 August 1449
husband's death
30 September 1479 Louis IV
Philipp der Aufrichtige.jpg Margaret of Bavaria Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
7 November 1456 21 February 1474 12 December 1476
husband's accession
24/25 February 1501 Philip
Arms of Bavaria.svg Sibylle of Bavaria Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
16 June 1489 23 February 1511 18 April 1519 Louis V
ChristinavonDaenemarkCoxcie.jpg Dorothea of Denmark Christian II of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
10 November 1520 26 September 1535 16 March 1544
husband's accession
26 February 1556
husband's death
31 May 1580 Frederick II

House of Palatinate-Simmern, 1559–1623[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
MarieBrandKulmPfalz.JPG Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
14 October 1519 21 October 1537 12 February 1559
husband's accession
31 October 1567 Frederick III
Frederick III, Elector Palatine.jpg Amalia of Neuenahr Gumprecht II of Neuenahr-Alpen, Count of Limburg
(Neuenahr)
6 April 1539 25 April 1569 26 October 1576
husband's death
10 April 1602
Elisabeth of Hesse (1539-1582).jpg Elisabeth of Hesse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
13 February 1539 8 July 1560 26 October 1576
husband's accession
14 March 1582 Louis VI
Ostfriesland CoA.svg Anne of Ostfriesland Edzard II, Count of East Frisia
(Cirksena)
26 June 1562 12 July 1583 22 October 1583
husband's death
21 April 1621
Louise Juliana van oranje.jpg Louise Juliana of Nassau William the Silent
(Orange-Nassau)
31 March 1576 23 June 1593 19 September 1610
husband's death
15 March 1644 Frederick IV
Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia by Michiel Jansz. van Miereveldt.jpg Elizabeth Stuart of Scotland James VI of Scotland
(Stuart)
19 August 1596 14 February 1613 23 February 1623
husband's accession
13 February 1662 Frederick V

House of Wittelsbach, Bavarian branch, 1623–1648[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Ambito fiammingo - Elisabetta di Lorena, duchessa di Baviera, 1600 ca.jpg Elisabeth of Lorraine Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
9 October 1574 6 February 1595 23 February 1623
husband's accession
4 January 1635 Maximilian I
Joachim von Sandrart - Erzherzogin Maria Anna (1610-1665), Kurfürstin von Bayern.jpg Maria Anna of Austria Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
13 January 1610 15 July 1635 October 1648
Became better known as Electress of Bavaria
25 September 1665

Second Electorate, 1648–1777[edit]

House of Palatinate-Simmern, 1648–1685[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Charlotte von Hessen-Kassel um 1650.jpg Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
20 November 1627 22 February 1650 1658
divorce
26 March 1686 Charles I Louis
Princess Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark.jpg Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark Frederick III of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
20 or 21 June 1650 20 September 1671 28 August 1680
husband's accession
26 May 1685
husband's death
22 or 23 April 1706 Charles II

House of Palatinate-Neuburg, 1685–1742[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Johann Spilberg 002.jpg Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmsta)
20 March 1635 3 September 1653 26 May 1685
husband's accession
2 September 1690
husband's death
4 August 1709 Philip William
Anna Maria Luisa young.jpg Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(Medici)
11 August 1667 29 April 1691 8 June 1716
husband's death
18 February 1743 John William

House of Palatinate-Sulzbach, 1742–1799[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Elisabeth Auguste von Felix Anton Besold 1748.jpg Elisabeth Augusta of Palatinate-Sulzbach Joseph Charles, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
(Wittelsbach)
17 January 1721 17 January 1742 31 December 1742
husband's accession
17 August 1794 Charles IV Theodore
Maria Leopoldine of Austria Este with sons.jpeg Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este
(Austria-Este)
10 December 1776 15 February 1795 16 February 1799
husband's death
23 June 1848

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, 1799–1806[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
1776 Karoliine.jpg Caroline of Baden Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
(Baden)
13 July 1776 9 March 1797 16 February 1799
husband's accession
1 January 1806
elevated to Queen of Bavaria
13 November 1841 Maximilian II Joseph

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]