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Elythranthera, commonly known as enamel orchids, was a genus of flowering plants in the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contained two species and a named hybrid, all endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. The genus was first formally described in 1963 by the Australian botanist Alex George who published his description in Western Australian Naturalist. Orchids in the genus Elythranthera had previously been included in Glossodia section Elythranthera.[1]

Two species were recognised:

A hybrid between the two species was known as Elythranthera x intermedia. (Fitzg.) M.A.Clem [6]

In 2015, as a result of studies of molecular phylogenetics,[7] Mark Clements transferred the two Elythranthera species to Caladenia.

Although the change from Elythranthera to Caladenia is recognised by Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,[8] "Elythranthera" is still used by Australian herbaria, including the Western Australian Herbarium.[9]


  1. ^ "Elythranthera". APNI. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Elythranthera brunonis". APNI. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "Caladenia brunonis". APNI. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  4. ^ "Elythranthera emarginata". APNI. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Caladenia emarginata". APNI. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "Elythranthera x intermedia". APNI. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  7. ^ Clements, Mark A.; Howard, Christopher G.; Miller, Joseph T. (13 April 2015). "Caladenia revisited: Results of molecular phylogenetic analyses of Caladeniinae plastid and nuclear loci". American Journal of Botany. 102 (4): 581–597. PMID 25878091. doi:10.3732/ajb.1500021. 
  8. ^ "Elythranthera". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  9. ^ "Elythranthera". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.