Emma Hartmann

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Emma Hartmann

Amalia Emma Sophie Hartmann née Zinn (22 August 1807 – 6 March 1851) was a Danish composer who used the pseudonym Frederick H. Palmer to publish music. She was married to the composer Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann. They lived on the second floor in the Zinn House at Kvæsthusgade 3 in Copenhagen.

Early life[edit]

Emma Zinn was born into a wealthy merchant family in Copenhagen. Her father Johan Friedrich Zinn had inherited the family's trading house after his father Johann Ludvig Zinn's death in 1802, initially in a partnership with his brother Carl Ludvig Zinn but he died in 1808. Emma grew up in the Zinn House at Kvæsthusgade 3 and studied singing and piano with composer Andreas Peter Berggreen.


Title lead from the publication of the fifth volume of Hartmann's romances, 1853

Her first published composition was music for a Student Association dance in February 1841.

Five pamphlets with a total of 22 Romances and Songs were later published with lyrics by prominent names such as Christian Winther, Frederik Paludan-Müller, Swedish Johan Ludvig Runeberg and Ernst Weis. The first pamphlet was published in 1848 by Horneman & Erslev but the last two were published posthumously.[1] The title lead featured both her real name and her pseudonym when her collected romances and songs were published in 1892.[2]

Her pseudonym was revealed in 1869 when the Manual of anonymity and pseudonyms in Danish literature was published. She died in Copanhagen at age 44.[3]

The title leaf featured both her real name and her pseudonym when her collected romances and songs were published in 1892. A collection of her piano pieces was published privately by her youngest son Frederik (Fritz) Hartmann in 1908. A new issue was published by DCM in 2003.[4]

Personal life[edit]

The Zinn House where Emma Gartmann lived

Emma Zinn married J.P.E. Hartmann in 1829. He then worked as organist at the Garrison Church, a position he had taken over after his father. She gave birth to 10 children of which four died as infants. The family lived on the second floor in the Zinn House. She was interested in literature, art and theatre. She died just 41 years old on 6 March 1851 and is interred in the Garrison Cemetery in Copenhagen. Her husband outlived her by almost fifty years and remarried in 1855.

Her son Emil Hartmann was also a composer, and her daughter Emma Sophie married Danish composer Niels W. Gade[5] and her daughter Clara married pianist and composer August Winding.


  • Viennese waltz, 1841
  • Galopade, 1841
  • Romances and songs 1-V, 1849-53 (11 songs)
  • Collected Romanes and Songs, 1892 (22 songs)


  1. ^ Jensen, Anne Ørbæk (2003). "Emma Hartmann 200 år" (in Danish). Det Kongelige Bibliotek. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Emma Hartmann 200 år" (in Danish). Royal Danish Library. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  3. ^ Sadie, Julie Anne; Samuel, Rhian (1994). The Norton/Grove dictionary of women composers (Digitized online by GoogleBooks). Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  4. ^ Jensen, Anne Ørbæk (2003). "Emma Hartmann: Klaverstykker" (in Danish). Det Kongelige Bibliotek. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Niels Wilhelm Gade (1817-1890); DNK". Retrieved 20 December 2010.

External links[edit]