Empangeni

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Empangeni
Street in Empangeni
Street in Empangeni
Empangeni is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Empangeni
Empangeni
Empangeni is located in South Africa
Empangeni
Empangeni
Coordinates: 28°45′S 31°54′E / 28.750°S 31.900°E / -28.750; 31.900Coordinates: 28°45′S 31°54′E / 28.750°S 31.900°E / -28.750; 31.900
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
DistrictKing Cetshwayo
MunicipalityuMhlathuze
Area
 • Total154.47 km2 (59.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total110,340
 • Density710/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African91.3%
 • Coloured0.8%
 • Indian/Asian1.7%
 • White5.9%
 • Other0.2%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu84.5%
 • English7.9%
 • Afrikaans3.6%
 • S. Ndebele1.3%
 • Other2.7%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
3880
PO box
3880
Area code035

Empangeni is a city in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It is approximately 157 kilometres north of Durban, in hilly countryside, overlooking a flat coastal plain and the major harbour town of Richards Bay 16 kilometres away. The N2 freeway runs east from Empangeni intersecting John Ross Highway (R34) which connects Empangeni and Richards Bay.

The climate is sub-tropical with an average temperature of 28.4 °C in summer and 14.5 °C in Winter. The town is said, by local residents, to not have a real winter, as temperatures are seldom very low.

History[edit]

Humble beginnings[edit]

In 1851, the Norwegian Missionary Society established a mission station on the banks of the eMpangeni river. The river was named after the profusion of Mpange trees (Trema guineensis) growing along its banks. The mission was later moved to Eshowe, 61 kilometres north-west. In 1894 a magistracy was established. The Zululand Railway reached the town in January 1903 and linked the area to Durban and Eshowe. The government planted eucalyptus trees in 1905 as part of an experimental timber plantation. The plantation was a success and led to a large scale planting along the coastal belt. In 1906 Empangeni became a village.[2] Rapid expansion began when a sugar mill was erected at Felixton. The establishment of the Empangeni Sugar Mill set the area on the road to rapid development. Empangeni was officially proclaimed as a township on 15 January 1931 and declared a borough on 13 October 1960.[citation needed]

The reign of the Hammerman[edit]

A small town, Empangeni made the headlines in the early 1980's for a very unfortunate reason. Serial killer Simon Mpungose was terrorising the citizens of Empangeni during his spree of violent murders. The 35-year-old Mpungose was given the name ‘Hammerman’ because he would break into homes in the dead of night and kill the occupants with a hammer before robbing them of their possessions. When he was brought to trial in November 1984, shortly after his arrest that same year, the Empangeni court was told that Mpungose attacked many other people during violent robberies, but never touched the children of his victims. During the trial Mpungose stated that he wanted to die as he had a hard life, complicated by the actions of people who did not understand his plight.

He sentenced him to hang, whereupon Mpungose threw his blue tracksuit into the public gallery, shouted, and threatened to expose his penis to the court before he was restrained with handcuffs. He was hanged a year later on Friday, 29 November 1985 in Pretoria.[3]

Education[edit]

Empangeni has a number of respected schools.

High schools[edit]

  • Empangeni High School{EHS}
  • St Catherine's Empangeni
  • Old Mill High School
  • Richem Secondary
  • Felixton College
  • Khombindlela High School
  • Ehawini Technical High School
  • Thanduyise High School

Primary schools[edit]

  • Grantham Park
  • Heuwelland
  • Empangeni Preparatory School
  • Empangeni Educare Centre
  • Empangeni Christian School
  • Phesheya Primary school
  • Thembelihle Primary school
  • Nqutshini Primary School

The main campus of the University of Zululand[4] lies a short drive to the south and the Owen Sitole College of Agriculture to the north.

. Siyakhanyisa primary School

Religion[edit]

Empangeni is home to a number of faiths, including Christian, Muslim, and Jehovah's Witness. Christianity is the dominant faith in Empangeni with a large number or operating church, amongst them are Christian Family Church, The Redeemed Christian Church of God, Empangeni Methodist Church, AGS Empangeni, Victory Family Church, Full Gospel Church, Lutheran Church, Solid Ground Church, Empangeni Baptist Church, Uniting Reformed Church (Dutch), the Catholic Church, Holy cross and St Thomas in Felixton.

Sports[edit]

Empangeni has a strong sporting community, most of whom participate in one or more of these sports:

  • Golf
  • Rugby
  • Squash
  • Pool
  • Bowls
  • Cricket
  • Soccer
  • Hockey

Notable people[edit]

Local media[edit]

Ngwelezane township[edit]

Ngwelezane is a township on the outskirts of Empangeni.[9] The township is home to the Ngwelezane Hospital,[10] which services the area with 554 beds.

It is also home of prominent influential people,the likes of Minister of Water and Sanitation Senzo Mchunu, Former Minister of Labour Mildred Oliphant, the late former Chairman of Eskom Ben Ngubane, International Actor Mthandeni Mbambo, International Artist Muzi, Social Activists Wiwi Gumede, Mthobisi Mtshali and Social Entrepreneur Mpendulo Mbulawa.

Ngwelezane offers one of the best nightlife experiences through hosting events at its prominent restaurants and taverns. Ngwelezane is known for it safety.

In 2020 Residents joined forces to form a Green committee called "The Green Champions" which consists of young energetic patriotic members of the community led by Siyamthanda Community Services. The Green Champions spearheads the greening of Ngwelezane Township through their weekly "Adopt A Spot" campaign, where they turn illegal dumping spots and bushy neglected spaces into Green Spaces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Empangeni". Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Empangeni history - Empangeni information - Empangeni tourist attractions - Empangeni tourist destinations - Empangeniaccommodation - Kwa Zulu-Natal - KZN - Zululand". www.kznnorthhappenings.co.za. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
  3. ^ "Simon Mpungose – True Crime Library". 20 October 2015. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  4. ^ "UNIZULU – Main Campus | The University of Zululand". www.unizulu.ac.za. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  5. ^ "Ian Vermaak Profile". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  6. ^ "The Zululand Observer Team in Empangeni". Zululand Observer. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
  7. ^ "Icora FM". Retrieved 2018-02-27.
  8. ^ "Vibe Online". Retrieved 2018-02-27.
  9. ^ "Residents feel 'ripped off' by KZN municipality", eNCA, 10 August 2013
  10. ^ "Ngwelezane Hospital", KZN Department of Health, 04 August, 2015

External links[edit]

Media related to Empangeni at Wikimedia Commons