Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia

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Engelbert
Duke of Carinthia
Spouse(s) Uta of Passau
Noble family House of Sponheim
Father Engelbert I of Sponheim
Mother Hedwig
Died 13 April 1141
Seeon Abbey

Engelbert II (died 13 April 1141), a member of the House of Sponheim, was Margrave of Istria and Carniola from about 1103/07 until 1124. In 1123, he succeeded his elder brother Henry as Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona which he held until his retirement in 1135.

Life[edit]

Engelbert II was the son of Count Engelbert I of Sponheim (d. 1096) and his wife Hedwig of uncertain descent, maybe a daughter of the Billung duke Bernard II of Saxony. His grandfather Count Siegfried I of Sponheim (d. 1065) came to Carinthia about 1035 as an attendant of Emperor Conrad II.

In 1099 Pope Urban II appointed Engelbert II Vogt protector of Saint Paul's Abbey, founded by his father. About 1100 he established the County of Kraiburg on the inherited estates of his wife Uta, daughter of Burgrave Ulric of Passau. He also acquired two castles in the Trixen valley near Völkermarkt from the Bishop of Gurk and the market town of Friesach in 1106. About 1107 he was elevated to a margrave in Istria and Carniola, succeeding Count Ulric II of Weimar.

Unlike his father, Engelbert II was a loyal supporter of the ruling Salian dynasty and also a fierce opponent of Archbishop Conrad I of Salzburg in the yet unresolved Investiture Controversy. He stood as guarantor of German king Henry V at his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor in February 1111 and witnessed the Concordat of Worms with Pope Callixtus II in September 1122. In the same year his elder brother Henry IV was created Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona, and upon his death in 1123 Engelbert II succeeded him. The next year he ceded Istria to his son Engelbert III.

In 1135 Engelbert II renounced Carinthia and Verona, whereafter Emperor Lothair II enfeoffed his son Ulrich I. Engelbert retired to Seeon Abbey in the Bavarian Chiemgau, where he died on 13 April 1141.[1]

Marriage and issue[edit]

About 1103 he married Uta, daughter of Burgrave Ulric of Passau (died 2 February 1099).[2] Together they were the parents of the following children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Withdrawl of Aged Noblemen into Monastic Communities: Interpreting Sources from Twelfth-Century Germany, Jonathan Lyon, Old Age in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ed. Albrecht Classen, (Walter De Gruyter, 2007), 147 note17.
  2. ^ (DE)Richard Loibl, Der Herrschaftsraum der Grafen von Vornbach und ihrer Nachfolger: Studien zur Herrschaftsgeschichte Ostbayerns im hohen Mittelalter, Volume 1, (Komm. für Bayer. Landesgeschichte, 1997), 160.
  3. ^ a b Constance Brittain Bouchard, Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980-1198, (Cornell University Press, 1987), 347.


Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia
Died: 12 or 13 April 1141
Preceded by
Ulric II
Margrave of Istria
Margrave of Carniola

1107–1123
Succeeded by
Engelbert III
Preceded by
Henry IV
Duke of Carinthia
Margrave of Verona

1123–1135
Succeeded by
Ulrich I