Engelschoff

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Engelschoff
Coat of arms of Engelschoff
Coat of arms
Engelschoff   is located in Germany
Engelschoff
Engelschoff
Location of Engelschoff within Stade district
Engelschoff in STD.png
Coordinates: 53°39′35″N 9°19′24″E / 53.65972°N 9.32333°E / 53.65972; 9.32333Coordinates: 53°39′35″N 9°19′24″E / 53.65972°N 9.32333°E / 53.65972; 9.32333
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Stade
Municipal assoc. Oldendorf-Himmelpforten
Government
 • Mayor Heinz Düe
Area
 • Total 19.69 km2 (7.60 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 763
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 21710
Dialling codes 04144
Vehicle registration STD
Website www.himmelpforten.de

Engelschoff is a municipality in the district of Stade, Lower Saxony, Germany.

History[edit]

Engelschoff belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, established in 1180. The village was subject to the summary jurisdiction by the Porta Coeli convent of nuns in then Eulsete (now Himmelpforten).[2] Engelschoff remained part of that jurisdiction also after the convent was transformed into the secular seigniorial Amt Himmelpforten in 1647.

In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown[3] - interrupted by a Danish occupation (1712-1715) - and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown.[4] After a Prussian and then French occupation from 1806 to 1810, the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the Duchy, before France annexed it with effect of 1 January 1811.[5]

In 1813 the Duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover, which - after its upgrade to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814 - incorporated the Duchy in a real union and the Ducal territory, including Engelschoff within the Amt Himmelpforten, became part of the new Stade Region, established in 1823. Since in 1885 the Amt Himmelpforten merged in the new District of Stade Engelschoff forms part of it.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014)
  2. ^ Georg von Issendorff, Kloster und Amt Himmelpforten. Nach Akten und Urkunden dargestellt, reprint of the edition by "Stader Archiv", 1911/1913, extended by Clemens Förster, Stade and Buxtehude: Krause, 1979, p. 12. No ISBN.
  3. ^ Silvia Schulz-Hauschildt, Himmelpforten – Eine Chronik, Gemeinde Himmelpforten municipality (ed.), Stade: Hansa-Druck Stelzer, 1990, p. 57. No ISBN.
  4. ^ Georg von Issendorff, Kloster und Amt Himmelpforten. Nach Akten und Urkunden dargestellt, reprint of the edition by "Stader Archiv", 1911/1913, extended by Clemens Förster, Stade and Buxtehude: Krause, 1979, p. 56. No ISBN.
  5. ^ Klaus Isensee, Die Region Stade in westfälisch-französischer Zeit 1810–1813: Studien zum napoleonischen Herrschaftssystem unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Stadt Stade und des Fleckens Harsefeld, Stade: Stader Geschichts- und Heimatverein, 2003, simultaneously: Hanover, Univ., Diss., 1991, (=Einzelschriften des Stader Geschichts- und Heimatvereins; vol. 33), p. 100. No ISBN.
  6. ^ Silvia Schulz-Hauschildt, Himmelpforten – Eine Chronik, Gemeinde Himmelpforten municipality (ed.), Stade: Hansa-Druck Stelzer, 1990, p. 61. No ISBN.