Enoch White Clark

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Enoch White Clark (1802 – August 4, 1856) was the founder of E. W. Clark & Co.,[1] a prominent financial firm based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that helped the U.S. government finance the Mexican–American War. In 1857, Clark was listed as one of Philadelphia's 25 millionaires.[2]


Portrait of Enoch White Clark (1802-1856), banker, founder of E.W. Clark & Co., and one of the richest men in Philadelphia at his death.

Clark was born in 1802 in Easthampton, Massachusetts, a descendant of Captain William Clark (1609–1690), who emigrated from England aboard the ship Mary and John and landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1630, and moved to the town of Easthampton in 1639.[3] Enoch traced his descent from William as follows: John (1651-1704), John (1679-1768), Eliakim (1707-1781), Lt. Asahel (1737-1822), to his father, Bohan (1772-1846), a merchant and miller who married Mary White (1777-?) on February 11, 1802.[4][5]

On February 1, 1826,[6] he married Sarah Crawford Dodge (1806-1878), daughter of Nehemiah Dodge. (After she died, her son Edward White Clark commissioned a stained-glass window in her memory in the First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia.[7])

Clark was at the time a broker for Allen & Co.[6]

In 1837, Enoch founded E. W. Clark & Co.[1]

Clark died on August 4, 1856, of nicotine poisoning.[8][9]


Clark was the patriarch of a family that gained much prominence in Philadelphia and national affairs. He married Sarah Crawford Dodge.[10] Together they had at least four sons and three daughters:

1 Edward White Clark, (1828–1904).[11] Edward married Mary Todhunter Sill (1835–1908)[12] on July 18, 1855. They had six children:[11]
1.1 Edward Walter Clark II, (1858–1946), commodore of the Philadelphia Corinthian Yacht Club and senior partner in E.W. Clark & Co. He married Lydia Jane Clark. They had at least one child:
1.1.1 Edward Walter Clark III (1885–1939), who won golf's Presidents Cup (Harvard) in 1908.
1.2 Clarence Munroe Clark (1859–1937), U.S. tennis doubles champion, partner in E.W. Clark & Co.
1.3 Joseph Sill Clark, Sr. (1861–1956), U.S. tennis champion. He married Kate Richmond Avery, sister-in-law to the inventor of Tabasco sauce, on November 26, 1896, on Avery Island, Louisiana.[13] In 2002, Mrs. Clark's will bequeathed $1,950,226.11 to Harvard University.[14] They had two sons:
1.3.1 Joseph Sill Clark, Jr. (1901–1990), mayor of Philadelphia and a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania,.[15][16] Clark Jr.'s children included: Joseph S. Clark III Noel (Clark) Miller.
1.3.2 Avery B. Clark (d. July 14, 1957). He had at least one daughter: Kate Avery Clark.[14]
1.4 Herbert L. Clark (1865–1940). Partner in E.W. Clark & Co.[10] Opposed Prohibition.[17] His 1913 residence became the clubhouse of the Overbrook Golf Club.[18]
1.5 Marion Clark (1867–1938).[19] Married Louis Childs Madeira (1853–1930) in 1890.[10] They had three children:
1.5.1 Edward W. Madeira
1.5.2 Crawford Clark Madeira (1894–1967). He married Sarah Claypool Neilson in 1918.[20] They had three children: Crawford Clark Madeira (1929–2009),[21] Harry R. Madeira,[21] Lewis Neilson Madeira (University of Pennsylvania class of 1943, non-grad.), who had at least one child: Lewis Neilson Madeira, Jr. (University of Pennsylvania class of 1967), who had at least one child: David Clark Madeira (University of Pennsylvania class of 1989; M.G.A. 1996).
1.5.3 Elizabeth Madeira (1906–2001)
1.6 Percy Hamilton Clark (1873–1965), a top U.S. cricket player. He married Elizabeth Roberts, daughter of the president of the Pennsylvania Railroad.[22] They had at least one child:
1.6.1 Mary Todhunter "Tod" Clark (1907–1999), who in 1930 married the future New York governor and U.S. vice president Nelson Rockefeller. They had five children. They divorced in 1962, which was considered to have hurt Nelson's 1964 bid to become the GOP's candidate for U.S. president.[22] Rodman Rockefeller Anne Rockefeller Steven Clark Rockefeller and .5 twins Michael Clark Rockefeller and Mary Rockefeller.
2 Sarah Crawford Clark (1832-1835). Buried in North Burial Ground in Providence, Rhode Island.[23]
3 Clarence Howard Clark, Sr. (1833–1906). Clarence Clark married Amie Hampton Wescott, who died in 1870 during childbirth. They had at least one child:
3.1 Clarence Howard Clark, Jr. (1862–1916).
In 1873, he married Marie Motley Davis and they had a son:
3.2 Charles Clark III. Married Eleanor Townsend Clark (1899-1981), with whom he had two daughters and a son:
3.2.1 Eleanor Yerkes
3.2.2 daughter, name unknown
3.2.3 Clarence H. Clark IV,[24] who served in the Army Air Corps during World War II and married Jean E. Clark. They had a son and a daughter: Clarence H. Clark V, who married Kathleen, and had a son and a daughter:[25] Clarence H. "Chip" Clark VI Betsy Clark Amy Clark (d. 2012).[25]
4 J. Hinckley Clark (ca. 1835-1889). Became partner in E.W. Clark & Co. in 1872.[26]
5 Frank Hamilton Clark (1844-1882). Banker, president of the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad.
6 Sarah Crawford Clark (?-?): Married Alfred Zantzinger,[27] with whom she had one son:
6.1 Clarence Clark Zantzinger (1872-1954), an architect and public servant in Philadelphia.
7 Mary White Clark (?-?): Married John Appleton Burnham.[28][29] They had at least two daughters:
7.2 Helen Clark Burnham (born in Massachusetts).[30]
7.3 Annie Crawford Grew (born in Massachusetts), who married Edward S. Grew.[30]


  1. ^ a b "E. W. Clark & Co. Observing 100th Anniversary Today". The Wall Street Journal. February 15, 1937. Retrieved 2010-12-08. E. W. Clark & Co., investment banking and brokerage house, is observing its 100th anniversary today. Founded in Philadelphia as a private bank on February 15, 1837, the firm has been continuously under the direction of its founder, Enoch White Clark, and his descendants. Of the present eight partners, three are grandsons and four great grandsons. One of the early partners of the firm was Jay Cooke. 
  2. ^ Vitiello, Dominic; George E. Thomas (2010). The Philadelphia Stock Exchange and the City It Made. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 93. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  There is obviously some confusion by the source; Clark died in 1856. But the passage was directly about fellow financier Francis Drexel.
  3. ^ Andrew Wallace Barnes (1911). History of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange. The founder of the firm was Enoch W. Clark, who was born in 1802 in East Hampton, Mass., and received his business ... Enoch W. Clark died in 1856. The present partners are Edward Walter Clark, Clarence M. Clark, Herbert L. Clark, ... 
  4. ^ Memorials of Elder John White, One of the First Settlers of Hartford, Conn., and of His Descendants, 1860
  5. ^ Proceedings of the New England Historic Genealogical Society
  6. ^ a b "Married". Providence, Rhode Island. Christian Telescope. February 4, 1826. p. 108. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ Census of Stained Glass Windows in America Window: First Unitarian Church - Window L1
  8. ^ "Death of a Banker". The Baltimore Sun. August 5, 1856. Retrieved 2010-12-08. Mr. Enoch W. Clark, of the firm of E W. Clark & Co, bankers and exchange brokers, Third street, died yesterday morning after a long and painful illness, caused by cancer of the tongue Mr Clark is extensively known over the whole Union, being connected with the house of Clark, Dodge & Co., New York, and also with houses in the West, St Louis, ... 
  9. ^ "Enoch W. Clark". The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Retrieved 2010-12-08. Clark, Enoch W., banker, was born in East Hampton, Mass., Nov. 16, 1802, a descendant of Capt. William Clark, who came from England in 1630, and removed to the town of East Hampton in 1639. At the age of sixteen our subject removed to Philadelphia, and entered the office of S.tfc M. Allen, one of the leading financial houses, with main offices in Philadelphia and New York, and branches in Charleston, Louisville, Albany, and other cities. ... 
  10. ^ a b c "CLARK AND MADEIRA FAMILY" (PDF). ARCHIVAL COLLECTIONS; Clark and Madeira Family Papers, 1820 - 1942 (bulk 1850 - 1925). University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Memorial history of the city of Philadelphia, from its first settlement to year 1895
  12. ^ "Clark and Madeira Family Papers, 1820 - 1942 (bulk 1850 - 1925)". Archival Collections. University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  13. ^ Taylor, Charles William (1949). Eminent judges and lawyers of the American Bar, past and present. C.W. Taylor. p. 75. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b O'Keefe, Adm. J. (April 4, 2002). "In Re: Trust, Estate of KATE R. AVERY CLARK, Settlor" (PDF). Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, Orphans' Court Division. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  15. ^ Grubel, Matthew (2008). "The Building of West Philadelphia: An Historical Survey of Suburban Architecture: Who's Who". West Philadelphia Community History Center. University Archives of the University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  16. ^ Current Biography. H.W. Wilson Company. 1953. p. 107. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Prohibition: A. A. P. A". Time. June 11, 1928. 
  18. ^ http://www.jscornell.com/earlyyears18.htm
  19. ^ "Mrs. Louis Madeira, Welfare Leader, 70; Coal Operator's Widow Aided Many Philadelphia Charities". The New York Times. December 14, 1938. Retrieved 2010-12-09. Mrs. Marion Clark Madeira, a leader in social welfare work, died at her home in Germantown today after an illness of six months. She was 70 years old. 
  20. ^ The Pennsylvania Gazette, January 25, 1918.
  21. ^ a b Obituary of the younger Crawford Clark Madeira
  22. ^ a b Hutto, Richard Jay; June Hall McCash; Stillman Rockefeller (2005). Their Gilded Cage: The Jekyll Island Club Members. Macon, Georgia: Henchard Press. p. 36. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Sarah Crawford Clark". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Obituary: Eleanor T. Clark, active in clubs," Evening Bulletin, June 16, 1981
  25. ^ a b "Death Notice: Amy Clark". The Philadelphia Inquirer/Philadelphia Daily News. May 27, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  26. ^ "E.W. Clark & Co.". United States Investor. 25 (27-52): 2013–14 (43–44). 1914. 
  27. ^ A committee of the Society of the alumni (1894). "University of Pennsylvania. Biographical catalogue of the matriculates of the college, together with lists of the members of the college faculty and the trustees, officers and recipients of honorary degrees. 1749-1893.". University of Pennsylvania. p. 212. Retrieved November 18, 2013. 
  28. ^ Son's NYT marriage announcement, 1911
  29. ^ Lineage Book; National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Daughters of the American Revolution. 1910. p. 173. 
  30. ^ a b Johnston, Elizabeth Bryant (1898). Lineage Book; National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Volume 6 (1894). Washington, D.C.: Daughters of the American Revolution. p. 171. 

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