Enterprize (replica)

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History
Australia
Namesake: Enterprize (1829)
Owner: Enterprize Ship Trust
Laid down: October 1991
Launched: 30 August 1997
Homeport: Docklands, Melbourne
Status: Active as of 2017
The Enterprize replica.JPG
Enterprize replica sailing on the Yarra River in 2012
General characteristics
Type:
Displacement: 72 tonnes
Length: 27 m (89 ft), bowsprit to stern
Beam: 5.4 m (18 ft)
Height: 19.1 m (63 ft) mast to waterline
Draught: 3 m (9.8 ft)
Propulsion: Auxiliary: Cummins 6BT diesel
Sail plan:

The Enterprize is a replica topsail schooner built in Melbourne, Australia. It is currently operated by a not-for-profit group for the purpose of providing the people of Melbourne with a means of experiencing nineteenth century sailing and the city's history.

Building the replica[edit]

Planning of a replica began in 1989 and construction commenced in 1991, with the keel laid at the Melbourne Maritime Museum.[1][2] It was completed at the Old Ports and Harbour Yard in Williamstown, Victoria, and was officially launched by Felicity Kennett, the wife of the Premier of Victoria, Jeff Kennett, on the 162nd Melbourne Day in 1997.[1]

The replica took six years to build, as it was constructed using traditional 19th century methods.[1] It was made using Australian-grown timber,[1] much of which was recycled,[2] including varieties of wood such as jarrah, Huon pine, kauri, celerytop pine and ironbark.[1] The ship's two masts are local California redwood.[1] Its sails are traditional hand-sewn flax, and its rigging is traditional tarred hemp.[1]

The replica was launched on 30 August 1997 at Hobson's Bay for a total cost of $2.5 million.[2] The Enterprize was the first square-rigged commercial sailing ship to be built in Melbourne in 120 years.[2]

The original Enterprize[edit]

The original schooner Enterprize (1829) was built in Hobart in 1829 by William Pender.[1] It was used as a cargo vessel till 1835, after which it was purchased by John Pascoe Fawkner to carry a settlement party to the future site of Melbourne.[1] It was captained by Peter Hunter. After the settlement, the ship was then used as a trading vessel till 1847, when it was wrecked on the shoal of the Richmond River in northern New South Wales.[1]

Current activity[edit]

The replica Enterprize operates both short and long sails for the public, and for school and private groups. Her most common sails have been one hour daytime sails, 1.5 hour evening sails, one day school excursions, and evening and overnight voyages between Docklands and Geelong, Portarlington, and Mornington.[3] It has also offered 4–5 day school voyages, 6–8 day public voyages, one day private charters, and overnight private charters.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "About Enterprize". Enterprize Ship Trust. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
  2. ^ a b c d Coombes, John L. (2006). Tall Ships: The Sixteen Square Riggers of Australia and New Zealand. Wollombi, New South Wales: Exisle Publishing. ISBN 978-0-908988-84-6.
  3. ^ a b "Enterprize Sailing Calendar". Enterprize Ship Trust. Retrieved 2015-09-18.

External links[edit]