Ernophthora

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Ernophthora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pyralidae
Subfamily: Phycitinae
Tribe: Cabniini
Genus: Ernophthora
Meyrick, 1887
Type species
Ernophthora phoenicias
Meyrick, 1887
Synonyms[1]
  • Aspithra Ragonot, 1888
  • Emophthora (lapsus)
  • Mimistis Hampson, 1896

Ernophthora is a genus of small moths belonging to the snout moth family (Pyralidae). They form part of the Cabniini, a rather small tribe of the huge snout moth subfamily Phycitinae. This genus is generally found in the Australia-Pacific region.

These moths are remarkable for their ability to colonize oceanic islands. Numerous species occur as far offshore as the Marquesas Islands. Members of this genus can usually be distinguished from relatives by their 10-veined forewings, with veins 4 and 7 completely absent.[2]

Ernophthora caterpillars eat living and sometimes dead leaves, which they also spin together with webbing to hide. The food plants of this genus are not too well known, but appear to be limited by availability rather than being restricted to a particular lineage of plants; recorded are for example Bidens (beggarticks) and Vaccinium (blueberries and relatives), which are both asterids but otherwise unrelated.[2]

Selected species[edit]

Species of Ernophthora include:[3]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Pitkin & Jenkins (2004), and see references in Savela (2009)
  2. ^ a b Clarke (1986)
  3. ^ Clarke (1986), and see references in Savela (2009)

References[edit]