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Esfand (Persian: اسفند, Persian pronunciation: [esˈfænd]) is the twelfth and final month of the Solar Hijri calendar, the official calendar of Iran and Afghanistan. Esfand has twenty-nine days normally, and thirty during leap years. It begins in February and ends in March of the Gregorian calendar. The Afghan Persian name is Hūt; in Pashto it is Kab.
- 3 - 1366 - Askeran riots in the USSR - beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
- 20 - 1389 - Japanese earthquake - Fukushima disaster
- 5 Esfand: Sepandārmazgān
- 5 Esfand: Defender of the Fatherland Day
- 6 Esfand: Independence Day (Estonia)
- 13 Esfand: Liberation Day (Bulgaria)
- 15 Esfand: Arbor Day in Iran This date, which typically starts on March 5, starts Natural Recyclable Resources Week, ending on March 12.
- 27 Esfand: St. Patrick's Day
- 29 Esfand: Saint Joseph's Day
- Last Tuesday of Esfand: Chaharshanbe Suri
Movable observances and festivals
- Lantern Festival: Held 15 days following the Chinese New Year, date falls on first or second week of this month
- Frawardigan: Held 19-29 Esfand in normal years, and 20-30 Esfand in leap years, Zoroastrian period of remembrance of the dead
- 16 - 1391 - Hugo Chávez, was the President of Venezuela from 1999 until his death in 2013
- 17 - 1308 - William Howard Taft, Chief Justice and 27th President of the United States
- 18 - 1390 - Simin Daneshvar, Iranian was an Iranian academic, novelist, fiction writer and translator.