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For places in Iran, see Esfand, Iran.

Esfand (Persian: اسفند‎‎, Persian pronunciation: [esˈfænd][1]) is the twelfth and final month of the Iranian calendar.[1] Esfand has twenty-nine days[1] normally, and thirty during leap years[citation needed]. It begins in February and ends in March of the Gregorian calendar[citation needed].

Esfand is the third and last month of the winter season (Zemestan), and is followed by Farvardin.[1]


15 Esfand: Arbor Day in Iran This date, which typically starts on March 5, starts Natural Recyclable Resources Week, ending on March 12.



  1. ^ a b c d "Months and Seasons - Persian Vocabulary". 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.