Esophageal gland

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Esophageal glands
Illu esophageal layers.jpg
Layers of Esophageal Wall:
1. Mucosa
2. Submucosa
3. Muscularis
4. Adventitia
5. Striated muscle
6. Striated and smooth
7. Smooth muscle
8. Lamina muscularis mucosae
9. Esophageal glands
Section of the human esophagus. Moderately magnified. The section is transverse and from near the middle of the gullet.
a. Fibrous covering.
b. Divided fibers of longitudinal muscular coat.
c. Transverse muscular fibers.
d. Submucous or areolar layer.
e. Muscularis mucosae.
f. Mucous membrane, with vessels and part of a lymphoid nodule.
g. Stratified epithelial lining.
h. Mucous gland.
i. Gland duct.
m’. Striated muscular fibers cut across.
Latin glandulae oesophageae
Gray's p.1146
TA A05.4.01.017
FMA 71619
Anatomical terminology

The esophageal glands are small compound racemose exocrine glands of the mucous type.

There are two types:

  • Esophageal glands proper- located in the submucosa and secrete acid mucin for lubrication
  • Esophageal cardiac glands- in the lamina propria and secrete neutral mucus that protects the oesophagus from acidic gastric juices.

Each opens upon the surface by a long excretory duct.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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