Étagnières

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Étagnières
A farm in Étagnières
A farm in Étagnières
Coat of arms of Étagnières
Coat of arms
Location of Étagnières
Étagnières is located in Switzerland
Étagnières
Étagnières
Étagnières is located in Canton of Vaud
Étagnières
Étagnières
Coordinates: 46°36′N 6°37′E / 46.600°N 6.617°E / 46.600; 6.617Coordinates: 46°36′N 6°37′E / 46.600°N 6.617°E / 46.600; 6.617
CountrySwitzerland
CantonVaud
DistrictGros-de-Vaud
Government
 • MayorSyndic
Area
 • Total3.80 km2 (1.47 sq mi)
Elevation
628 m (2,060 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,115
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Postal code
1037
SFOS number5521
Surrounded byAssens, Bioley-Orjulaz, Boussens, Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Morrens
Websiteetagnieres.ch
Profile (in French), SFSO statistics

Étagnières is a municipality in the district of Gros-de-Vaud in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Étagnières is first mentioned in 1202 as Etanneres.[3] A Roman-era forge has been excavated at the village.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Étagnières has an area, as of 2009, of 3.79 square kilometers (1.46 sq mi). Of this area, 2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi) or 73.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.57 km2 (0.22 sq mi) or 15.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.39 km2 (0.15 sq mi) or 10.3% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is either rivers or lakes.[6]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 1.8% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 5.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.6%. Out of the forested land, 13.7% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.3% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 59.6% is used for growing crops and 13.7% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.[6]

The municipality was part of the Échallens District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and Étagnières became part of the new district of Gros-de-Vaud.[7]

The municipality is located in the Gros-de-Vaud region.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, three Bars wavy Or, overall a Raven statant Sable.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Étagnières has a population (as of December 2018) of 1,116.[9] As of 2008, 16.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[10] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 17.9%. It has changed at a rate of 11.9% due to migration and at a rate of 6.3% due to births and deaths.[11]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (721 or 90.1%), with German being second most common (20 or 2.5%) and Italian being third (19 or 2.4%). There is 1 person who speaks Romansh.[12]

Of the population in the municipality 172 or about 21.5% were born in Étagnières and lived there in 2000. There were 357 or 44.6% who were born in the same canton, while 117 or 14.6% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 140 or 17.5% were born outside of Switzerland.[12]

In 2008 there were 6 live births to Swiss citizens and were 4 deaths of Swiss citizens. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 2 while the foreign population remained the same. There was 1 Swiss man who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 3 non-Swiss men and 4 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 3 and the non-Swiss population increased by 10 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.5%.[10]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Étagnières is; 115 children or 12.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 128 teenagers or 13.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 113 people or 12.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 143 people or 15.5% are between 30 and 39, 126 people or 13.7% are between 40 and 49, and 118 people or 12.8% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 103 people or 11.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 46 people or 5.0% are between 70 and 79, there are 28 people or 3.0% who are between 80 and 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 and older.[13]

As of 2000, there were 332 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 398 married individuals, 18 widows or widowers and 52 individuals who are divorced.[12]

As of 2000, there were 307 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household.[11] There were 94 households that consist of only one person and 23 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 314 households that answered this question, 29.9% were households made up of just one person and there was 1 adult who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 85 married couples without children, 112 married couples with children There were 15 single parents with a child or children.[12]

In 2000 there were 78 single family homes (or 54.5% of the total) out of a total of 143 inhabited buildings. There were 32 multi-family buildings (22.4%), along with 25 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (17.5%) and 8 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (5.6%). Of the single family homes 10 were built before 1919, while 8 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (27) were built between 1981 and 1990. The greatest number of multi-family homes (7) were built before 1919 and again between 1981 and 1990[14]

In 2000 there were 324 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 77. There were 22 single room apartments and 97 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 292 apartments (90.1% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 28 apartments (8.6%) were seasonally occupied and 4 apartments (1.2%) were empty.[14] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.2 new units per 1000 residents.[11] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%.[11]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][15]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 29.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (15.97%), the CVP (15.33%) and the Green Party (15.33%). In the federal election, a total of 239 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 44.2%.[16]

Economy[edit]

As of  2010, Étagnières had an unemployment rate of 3.1%. As of 2008, there were 23 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 7 businesses involved in this sector. 124 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 11 businesses in this sector. 224 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 27 businesses in this sector.[11] There were 440 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 39.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 325. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 16, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 115 of which 73 or (63.5%) were in manufacturing and 42 (36.5%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 194. In the tertiary sector; 145 or 74.7% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 5 or 2.6% were in the movement and storage of goods, 9 or 4.6% were in a hotel or restaurant, 12 or 6.2% were the insurance or financial industry, 9 or 4.6% were technical professionals or scientists, .[17]

In 2000, there were 252 workers who commuted into the municipality and 327 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 1.3 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[18] Of the working population, 13% used public transportation to get to work, and 65.2% used a private car.[11]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 399 or 49.9% were Roman Catholic, while 267 or 33.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 3 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.38% of the population), and there were 14 individuals (or about 1.75% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 10 (or about 1.25% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 1 individual who belonged to another church. 85 (or about 10.63% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 26 individuals (or about 3.25% of the population) did not answer the question.[12]

Education[edit]

In Étagnières about 331 or (41.4%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 81 or (10.1%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 81 who completed tertiary schooling, 59.3% were Swiss men, 21.0% were Swiss women, 12.3% were non-Swiss men and 7.4% were non-Swiss women.[12]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 125 students in the Étagnières school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[19] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 296 children of which 96 children (32.4%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 64 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 60 students in those schools. There were also 1 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.[20]

As of 2000, there were 60 students in Étagnières who came from another municipality, while 100 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Etagnières in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Revue historique vaudoise Paul Maillefer, Eugène Mottaz - 2004 -v112 p188 "ÉTAGNIÈRES District d'Échallens CN 1223 536 700/ 160 350 R Les Ripes - Atelier de forge Les sondages archéologiques et fouilles réalisés préalablement à la construction de la route de contournement de Cheseaux ont localisé en ...
  5. ^ Une ferme gauloise à Courgevaux (Fr, Suisse) Daniel Castella - 2007 p147 "L'exemple le plus complètement étudié est celui de la forge romaine de Châbles/Les Saux FRIS avec 750 kg de déchets de forge. Des ensembles comparables, d'époque romaine également, ont été étudiés à Rödersdorf SO et Étagnières ..."
  6. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  7. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 4 April 2011
  8. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 27-May-2011
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
  10. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (in German) accessed 19 June 2010
  11. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 27-May-2011
  12. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  13. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office (in French) accessed 29 April 2011
  14. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  16. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  17. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  18. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (in German) accessed 24 June 2010
  19. ^ Organigramme de l'école vaudoise, année scolaire 2009-2010 (in French) accessed 2 May 2011
  20. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition (in French) accessed 2 May 2011