Eusuchia

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Eusuchia
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous - Recent, 130–0 Ma
Comparison - Crocodilia.jpg
Three species of living eusuchian: Gharial (left), American Alligator (center), and American Crocodile (right).
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Clade: Neosuchia
Clade: Eusuchia
Huxley, 1875
Subgroups

See text.

The Eusuchia ("true crocodiles") are a clade of crocodylomorphs that first appears in the Early Cretaceous with Hylaeochampsa.[1] Along with Dyrosauridae and Sebecosuchia, they were the only crocodyliformes who survived the K-T extinction. Since the other two clades died out 35 and 11 million years ago, all living crocodilian species are eusuchians, as are many extinct forms.

Description[edit]

Unlike primitive crocodylomorphs, crocodyliforms have secondary bony palates. This feature enables living crocodylians to safely breathe in through their nostrils while the rest of the head (including the mouth) remains submerged. This structure reaches its greatest elaboration among eusuchians, in which the internal nares are completely surrounded by the pterygoid bones.

Phylogeny[edit]

Cladogram after Holliday and Gardner, 2012:[2]

Eusuchia

Isisfordia




Hylaeochampsa




Aegyptosuchidae


Crocodylia

Borealosuchus



Gavialoidea



Brevirostres (alligators and crocodiles)






Below is a cladogram after Puértolas, Canudo and Cruzado-Caballero, 2011:[3]

Eusuchia

Isisfordia




Hylaeochampsa


Crocodylia


Borealosuchus



Gavialoidea





Allodaposuchus




Pristichampsus



Brevirostres (alligators and crocodiles)







References[edit]

  1. ^ Benton, Michael J.; Sibbick, John (2000). Vertebrate Palaeontology. Blackwell Publishing. p. 233. ISBN 0-632-05614-2. 
  2. ^ Casey M. Holliday and Nicholas M. Gardner (2012). "A New Eusuchian Crocodyliform with Novel Cranial Integument and Its Significance for the Origin and Evolution of Crocodylia". PLoS ONE 7 (1): e30471. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030471. PMC 3269432. PMID 22303441.  open access publication - free to read
  3. ^ Eduardo Puértolas, José I. Canudo and Penélope Cruzado-Caballero (2011). "A New Crocodylian from the Late Maastrichtian of Spain: Implications for the Initial Radiation of Crocodyloids". PLoS ONE 6 (6): e20011. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020011. PMC 3110596. PMID 21687705.  open access publication - free to read