Cheiracanthiidae

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Cheiracanthiidae
Cheiracanthium danieli 6325.jpg
Cheiracanthium danieli
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Cheiracanthiidae
Wagner, 1887
Diversity
12 genera, 411 species

Cheiracanthiidae is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Johann Andreas Wagner in 1887.[1] The largest genus currently recognized as belonging to this family is Cheiracanthium, which has previously been placed in both the Clubionidae and the Miturgidae.

Taxonomy[edit]

It was recognized as a synonym of "Eutichuridae" in 2009,[2] but was in danger of becoming obsolete until it was resurrected in 2011.[3]

The group was originally described as the subfamily Eutichurinae of the family Miturgidae by Pekka T. Lehtinen in 1967. The monophyly of the group is described as "reasonably uncontroversial", but it has been placed in either the Miturgidae or the Clubionidae. An analysis by Martín J. Ramírez in 2014 suggested that it was better considered as a separate family.[4]

Genera[edit]

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[1]

  • Calamoneta Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Indonesia
  • Calamopus Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Thailand, Indonesia
  • Cheiracanthium C. L. Koch, 1839 — Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Argentina
  • Cheiramiona Lotz & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1999 — Africa, Egypt
  • Ericaella Bonaldo, 1994 — Brazil, Panama, Peru
  • Eutichurus Simon, 1897 — South America, India, Central America
  • Lessertina Lawrence, 1942 — South Africa
  • Macerio Simon, 1897 — Chile, Argentina
  • Radulphius Keyserling, 1891 — Brazil
  • Strotarchus Simon, 1888 — Pakistan, Costa Rica, North America, Brazil
  • Summacanthium Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Indonesia
  • Tecution Benoit, 1977 — St. Helena

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family: Cheiracanthiidae Wagner, 1887". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
  2. ^ Ono, H. (2009). The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa.
  3. ^ Marusik, Y. M.; Kovblyuk, M. M. (2011). Spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Siberia and Russian Far East. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow.
  4. ^ Ramírez, Martín J. (2014). "The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 390: 340–341.