Evaporating gaseous globule
An evaporating gas globule or EGG is a region of hydrogen gas in outer space approximately 100 astronomical units in size, such that gases shaded by it are shielded from ionizing UV rays. Dense areas of gas shielded by an evaporating gas globule can be conducive to the birth of stars. Evaporating gas globules were first conclusively identified via photographs taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995.
EGG's are the likely predecessors of new protostars. Inside an EGG the gas and dust are denser than in the surrounding dust cloud. Gravity pulls the cloud even more tightly together as the EGG continues to draw in material from its surroundings. As the cloud density builds up the globule becomes hotter under the weight of the outer layers, a protostar is formed inside the EGG.
A protostar may have too little mass to become a star. If so it becomes a brown dwarf. If the protostar has sufficient mass, the density reaches a critical level where the temperature exceeds 10 million kelvin at its center. At this point, a nuclear reaction starts converting hydrogen to helium and releasing large amounts of energy. The protostar then becomes a star and joins the main sequence on the HR diagram.
- Eric W. Weisstein (1996–2007). "Evaporating Gas Globule". Eric Weisstein's World of Astronomy. Wolfram Research. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- What happens inside an EGG? Windows to the Universe, . Accessed July 2012
- Hubble sees stars and a stripe in celestial fireworks — ESA/NASA Image, July 1, 2008
- Embryonic Stars Emerge from Interstellar "Eggs", HubbleSite, Nov. 2, 1995
- http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/1995/44/text/ Hubble site
- http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/1207/pillars6_hst_1518.jpg NASA APODly 2012
- http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17467408/ns/technology_and_science-space/t/suns-baby-twin-spotted-pillars-creation/#.UA0slGGe5uoNBCNews Space, 3/5/2007