Receptors for the Fc fragment of IgG, or FCGRs (see MIM 146790), are cell surface glycoproteins of the Ig superfamily (IgSF). These receptors mediate phagocytosis of IgG-coated pathogens and promote activation of effector cells, leading to inflammatory responses and antibody-mediated cellular cytotoxicity. All FCGR genes map to human chromosome 1. Additional genes in this region, including FREB, encode FCGR homologs that are selectively expressed in B cells and may be implicated in B-cell development and lymphomagenesis.[supplied by OMIM]
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