Fallfish

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Fallfish
Semotilus corporalis.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Semotilus
Species: S. corporalis
Binomial name
Semotilus corporalis
(Mitchill, 1817)
Synonyms
  • Cyprinus corporalis Mitchill, 1817
  • Cheilonemus corporalis (Mitchill, 1817)
  • Cyprinus bullaris Rafinesque, 1817
  • Leuciscus pulchellus Storer, 1839
  • Leuciscus argenteus Storer, 1839
  • Leuciscus nitidus DeKay, 1842
  • Chilonemus cataractus Baird, 1851
  • Leucosomus rhotheus Cope, 1861
  • Squalius hyalope Cope, 1865

The fallfish (Semotilus corporalis) is a North American freshwater fish, a chub in the family Cyprinidae.

Description[edit]

The fallfish is the largest minnow species native to Eastern North America, occasionally reaching 50 cm in length. Juvenile fallfish have a dark stripe that runs down the center of their body. They are a silvery shade on the top and sides of the body, but have a white shading on the belly. Breeding males develop a pinkish tone on the opercular region, although the species does not develop bright breeding colors. A typical size is 17 cm, but can grow to be up to 50 cm long.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, where it inhabits clear streams, lakes, and ponds. It prefers swift currents predominately, however.

Angling[edit]

Fallfish are often encountered when fishing for more desirable species, but their large size and willingness to strike make them a worthy quarry in their own right. They will readily take bait and flies, and have been known to strike large lures.

Fallfish caught in Massachusetts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ NatureServe (2013). "Semotilus corporalis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T202371A18231202. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T202371A18231202.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  • Smith, L. C. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York: The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1985, pp. 155, 156
  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Semotilus corporalis" in FishBase. Apr 2007 version.

External links[edit]