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Semotilus corporalis.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Semotilus
Species: S. corporalis
Binomial name
Semotilus corporalis
(Mitchill, 1817)
  • Cyprinus corporalis Mitchill, 1817
  • Cheilonemus corporalis (Mitchill, 1817)
  • Cyprinus bullaris Rafinesque, 1817
  • Leuciscus pulchellus Storer, 1839
  • Leuciscus argenteus Storer, 1839
  • Leuciscus nitidus DeKay, 1842
  • Chilonemus cataractus Baird, 1851
  • Leucosomus rhotheus Cope, 1861
  • Squalius hyalope Cope, 1865

The fallfish (Semotilus corporalis) is a North American freshwater fish, a chub in the family Cyprinidae.


The fallfish is the largest minnow species native to Eastern North America, occasionally reaching 50 cm in length. Juvenile fallfish have a dark stripe that runs down the center of their body. They are a silvery shade on the top and sides of the body, but have a white shading on the belly. Breeding males develop a pinkish tone on the opercular region, although the species does not develop bright breeding colors. A typical size is 17 cm, but can grow to be up to 50 cm long.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, where it inhabits clear streams, lakes, and ponds. It prefers swift currents predominately, however.


Fallfish are often encountered when fishing for more desirable species, but their large size and willingness to strike make them a worthy quarry in their own right. They will readily take bait and flies, and have been known to strike large lures.

Fallfish caught in Massachusetts.


  1. ^ NatureServe (2013). "Semotilus corporalis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T202371A18231202. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T202371A18231202.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  • Smith, L. C. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York: The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1985, pp. 155, 156
  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Semotilus corporalis" in FishBase. Apr 2007 version.

External links[edit]