The fallfish (Semotilus corporalis) is a North American freshwater fish, a chub in the family Cyprinidae.
The fallfish is the largest minnow species native to Eastern North America, occasionally reaching 50 cm in length. Juvenile fallfish have a dark stripe that runs down the center of their body. They are a silvery shade on the top and sides of the body, but have a white shading on the belly. Breeding males develop a pinkish tone on the opercular region, although the species does not develop bright breeding colors. A typical size is 17 cm, but can grow to be up to 50 cm long.
Distribution and habitat
It is found in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, where it inhabits clear streams, lakes, and ponds. It prefers swift currents predominately, however.
Fallfish are often encountered when fishing for more desirable species, but their large size and willingness to strike make them a worthy quarry in their own right. They will readily take bait and flies, and have been known to strike large lures.
- Smith, L. C. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York: The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1985, pp. 155, 156
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Semotilus corporalis" in FishBase. Apr 2007 version.
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