Feklichevite

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Feklichevite
General
Category Cyclosilicate
Formula
(repeating unit)
Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5 (original form)
Strunz classification 9.CO.10
Dana classification 64.1.7.
Crystal system Trigonal
Crystal class Ditrigonal pyramidal (3m)
H-M symbol: (3m)
Space group R3m
Unit cell a = 14.26, c = 30.17 [Å] (approximated); Z = 3
Identification
Color Dark brown
Crystal habit isometric, thick-tabular; grains
Cleavage (001), perfect
Tenacity Brittle
Mohs scale hardness 5.5
Luster Vitreous
Streak Brownish
Diaphaneity Transparent or Translucent
Density 2.87 (approximated)
Optical properties Uniaxial (+)
Refractive index nω=1.61, nε=1.61 (approximated)
Pleochroism None
Ultraviolet fluorescence No
Common impurities Mn, F
References [1][2]

Feklichevite is a rare mineral of the eudialyte group with the formula Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3NbSi(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2.[2][1] The original formula was extended to show the presence of cyclic silicate groups and presence of silicon at the M4 site, according to the nomenclature of eudialyte group.[3] When compared to other minerals of the group, feklichevite characterizes in the presence of ferric iron (thus similar to ikranite, mogovidite and fengchengite[1]) and dominance of calcium at the N4 site. Calcium is ordered in the structure and is also present at the M1 site.[2][3] Other iron-bearing minerals of the group are eudialyte, ferrokentbrooksite, georgbarsanovite, khomyakovite, labyrinthite, oneillite and rastsvetaevite, but they rather contain ferrous iron[1] Feklichevite name honors Russian mineralogist and crystallographer, V. G. Feklichev.[2]

Occurrence and association[edit]

Feklichevite was found in cancrinite syenite vein of pegmatoid type, that occurs in the Kovdor alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Feklichevite coexists with aegirine-diopside, cancrinite, potassic feldspar, pectolite, titanite, hematite, and руrrhоtitе.[2]

Notes on chemistry[edit]

Feklichevite has quite high admixtures of manganese and fluorine, with minor hafnium, strontium, titanium, cerium, and lanthanum.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mindat, Feklichevite, http://www.mindat.org/min-11029.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f Pekov, I.V., Ekimenkova, I.A., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Kononkova, N.N., Pekova, N.A., and Zadov, A.E., 2001. Feklichevite Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5, a new mineral of the eudialyte group from Kovdor Massif, Kola peninsula. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130(3), 55-65
  3. ^ a b Johnsen, O., Ferraris, G., Gault, R.A., Grice, D.G., Kampf, A.R., and Pekov, I.V., 2003. The nomenclature of eudialyte-group minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist 41, 785-794