Firoza

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Firoza
فیروزہ
Town
Firoza is located in Pakistan
Firoza
Firoza
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 28°45′0″N 70°49′0″E / 28.75000°N 70.81667°E / 28.75000; 70.81667Coordinates: 28°45′0″N 70°49′0″E / 28.75000°N 70.81667°E / 28.75000; 70.81667
Country  Pakistan
Government
 • Governing body Union Council
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postcode 64070
Area code(s) 068

Firoza is a small town in Liaquatpur near to Kandani village in the tehsil of Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan. Its original name (with diacritics) is Firoza.[1]

History[edit]

The town developed around the railway station. There are lots of stories famous about the name of the town. But the most popular among people is that it is named by the English after a woman who was the first resident of the area. It is said that she served them well and they named the place after her as a reward of her services. Other famous story is that it is named because of stone found there called Firoza. But this does not seems a decent one as now there is no sign of any such stone.

People and culture[edit]

People living here belong to two different origins. One who are called Riasti belong to this region. Second are those who migrated from different regions of the Indian subcontinent after 1947. Now, culture of the region is a true symbol of cultural harmony. Most People here wear shalwar-qameez but Dhoti-kurta is also used by older fellows while young generation wear Western clothes. Shilwar-qameez is the only dresscode adopted by the women. Women here used to wear dupata on. Most women used to have a veil. Islamic culture is still dominant among women. Villagers also use turbans.

Major tribes[edit]

The main tribes of the town are the,Rais, Chachar, Jam, Lar, Jhargi, Syed, Bukhari,Chauhan,Chaudhry, Qureshi,Chandia Baloch, Alvi, warraich , Thaheem, Hashmi, Malik, Mughal, Raja, Kharal, Dushti Baloch, Mazari Unner, Jamali Baloch, Mirza, Gujjar, Dasti Baloch, Khawaja, Mian, Sheikh, Bohors, Mahar, Rahmani, Bhatti, Baloch, Arain, Jat, Bhullar, Khosa Baloch, Khushk Baloch, Abbasi, Malik, Jatoi Baloch,ansari,oad,Rajput, Mirani, RAOs, Khokhar, Patafi, Palals, Kewad, Dhareja], Jat Warah, Korai Baloch, and Panwar, Bhutta, Soomro, etc. Most of the tribe resident in the town belong to this region since centuries. Still a number of migrant families also living here. These migrant families mostly belong to Indian subcontinent.And the Chauhan family lives in Kandani Village.Seth Ghulam Murtaza Chauhan and his Sons Seth Arshad Chauhan and Seth Akram Chauhan, Seth Aslam Chauhan,Seth Asghar Chauhan are all lives in Kandani Village and Called as Seth of there Village.


Education[edit]

Literacy rate is quite low because of non- availability of resources. Only single Private college is there and two Higher Secondary Schools. There are government-run secondary schools within the town, as well as private schools. Still lots of people are in well known departments because of their own struggle.

One of the oldest educational institution of Firoza is Govt. Higher Secondary School Firoza. It was built in 1926 by British Government as Primary School. After that it was given designation of secondary school in 1939. After Pakistan came into being this school started progressing with pace. So, the government announced it as High secondary school in 1952. From 1952 to 1988 it remained as high school. Then, with efforts of many notable people it was given designation of Higher Secondary School. Now, it is working as higher secondary school. There came lots of ups and downs in the school history but school has given many notable people to the nation. The school is now suffering under problems like inadequate building where number of students is increasing day by day.

First private school is Oxford Public Girls High school started on 1 January 1992. An other educational institute is Tamir-E-Millat Model Public High School Firoza was established by Rana Mohammad Hussain in 2000.

There are other private institutions as well . But all of the above-mentioned schools are not up to the standard regarding facilities. Children here are unable to get quality education. With all those difficulties the region has produced some brilliant minds who lifted themselves from scratch.

Govt higher Secondary school firoza

Religious Schools[edit]

With the majority of people is Muslim.Many religious institutes called madrasas are working here. Oldest and a notable named, Madrasa Arabia Madina tul aloom, was established in 1950 by Syed Ibn ul Hassan, a retired bureaucrat of Pakistan Railways. After his death his older son Molana Syed Hamid Ali expanded it into an institution where hundreds of students got religious education. Later on, other religious schools for basic Islamic education were established in different corners of the town namely, Madni Mosque, Madarsat-ul-banat, Faizan-e-Madina etc. Different school of thoughts are working according to their ideologies. Number of Hafiz (Qur'an) are increasing by the work of these Islamic institutes.

Industry and commerce[edit]

Most of the people are directly or indirectly related to Agriculture. This area is renowned of cotton and mangoes crops. Rest of them are related to Trade and govt employment. Trade is most growing occupation/profession here because people from the nearby villages are investing here. Specially, people are shifting from villages of Cholistan Desert to Firoza. They are investing lot of money therefore trade is most rapidly increasing occupation here.

Souvenirs are produced in the city, some of which include:

  • Flassi - 4 ft by 7 ft, made of camel hair and cotton yarn; it is used for wall hanging, as a decoration piece and a carpet.
  • Gindi or Rilli - Made of small pieces of many colors of cotton cloth and needlework; they can be used as wall hangings, bed covers, carpets and blankets.
  • Changaries - Like big plaques, these are made of palm leaves in different bright colors with beautiful patterns and geometric designs. These are used for keeping the 'chapattis' and also as a wall decoration.
  • Khalti - Like a purse embroidered on top with multicolored threads.
  • Artwork - An attractive type of embroidery done on dupatta, kurta and chaddar, etc.

Health[edit]

The city has only one government run hospital.The hospital lacks basic life saving medicines and facilities. To facilitate the people of the town and suburbs of the town few private hospitals are working. People here are lacking proper health facilities. It's not only a dilemma of this city, it's a common of the whole region. Basic health necessties are rare in the town.

Civil Hospital Firoza

Sports[edit]

Popular Sports are Cricket, Kabaddi, Kushti, Football. Some of the other local games are gulli danda, ghoribella , Bandar Killa , Kut Mar ,Goch No Teal , and Andress Press etc..

Tomb[edit]

It is said that there was an attack by non-Muslims that killed 22 Hafiz (Qur'an) and their teacher, Baba Bavi. Their tombs are located in the main graveyard of town. The main graveyard is in north of town. People here go to attend the religious activities.

See also[edit]

References[edit]